Otradnoye, Kirovsky District, Leningrad Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Otradny.
Otradnoye (English)
Отрадное (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Tosna estuary.jpg
Shipyard at the Tosna River estuary in Otradnoye
Map of Russia - Leningrad Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Leningrad Oblast in Russia
Otradnoye is located in Leningrad Oblast
Otradnoye
Otradnoye
Location of Otradnoye in Leningrad Oblast
Coordinates: 59°47′N 30°49′E / 59.783°N 30.817°E / 59.783; 30.817Coordinates: 59°47′N 30°49′E / 59.783°N 30.817°E / 59.783; 30.817
Coat of Arms of Otradnoe (Leningrad oblast).png
Otradnoe - flag.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Leningrad Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kirovsky District[1]
Settlement municipal formation Otradnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Administrative center of Otradnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Municipal district Kirovsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Otradnenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Otradnenskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 23,866 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1970[5]
Town status since 1970[5]
Postal code(s)[6] 187330–187332
Otradnoye on WikiCommons

Otradnoye (Russian: Отра́дное) is a town in Kirovsky District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located 40 kilometers (25 mi) east of St. Petersburg on the left bank of the Neva River, at its confluence with the Tosna River. Population: 23,866 (2010 Census);[3] 21,570 (2002 Census);[7] 22,386 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

A populated place on the territory of modern Otradnoye was first mentioned in 1708[5] as a village of Ivanovskaya (Ива́новская) at the confluence of the Neva and the Tosna Rivers.[citation needed] In 1784, the land was acquired by empress Catherine the Great and a residence known as Pella estate was established. The estate was mostly destroyed on the orders of Paul I.

In the 19th century, the area was a part of Shlisselburgsky Uyezd of Saint Petersburg Governorate.[citation needed] On February 14, 1923, Shlisselburgsky Uyezd was merged into Petrogradsky Uyezd.[9] In January 1924, the uyezd was renamed Leningradsky.[9]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Mginsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Mga, was established. Ivanovskoye became a part of Mginsky District.[citation needed] The governorates were also abolished and the district became a part of Leningrad Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[10] On August 15, 1930, the okrugs were abolished as well and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[11] On June 16, 1940, the settlement of Otradnoye was granted urban-type settlement status.[10] Between September 1941 and January 1944, during World War II, both Ivanovskoye and Otradnoye were occupied by German troops.[10] On December 23, 1957, the selo of Ivanovskoye was granted urban-type settlement status.[10] On December 9, 1960, Mginsky District was abolished and split between Volkhovsky and Tosnensky Districts; Ivanovskoye remained in Tosnensky District.[10]

The modern town of Otradnoye was established in 1970 by merging of the urban-type settlements of Otradnoye and Ivanovskoye.[5] On April 1, 1977, Kirovsky District with the administrative center in Kirovsk, essentially in the limits of former Mginsky District, was established by splitting off Volkhovsky and Tosnensky Districts,[12] and Otradnoye was included into the district.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated within Kirovsky District as Otradnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation.[1] As a municipal division, Otradnenskoye Settlement Municipal Formation is incorporated within Kirovsky Municipal District as Otradnenskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are several industrial enterprises in Otradnoye. The Pella plant produces different sorts of machines including riverboats. Other enterprises produce electrotechnical equipment.[12]

Transportation[edit]

A railway leading from St. Petersburg (Moskovsky railway station) to Volkhov passes through the town; there are two passenger platforms within town limits: Ivanovskaya and Pella.

Otradnoye is connected by roads with St. Petersburg, Kirovsk, and Ulyanovka (the latter one with the access to M10 Highway, connecting Moscow and St. Petersburg).

The Neva River is navigable.

Culture and recreation[edit]

St. John's Church in Otradnoye
Nevsky porog WWII memorial

Otradnoye contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[13] The federal monuments are the buildings of the post station of Pella, whereas the local monuments commemorate the events of World War II.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Oblast Law #32-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #100-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 339. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Петроградский уезд (1917 г. - январь 1924 г.), Ленинградский уезд (январь 1924 г.- август 1927 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d e Мгинский район (август 1927 г. - декабрь 1960 г.) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ Ленинградская область (in Russian). Справочник по истории Коммунистической партии и Советского Союза 1898 - 1991. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  12. ^ a b История нашего края (in Russian). Официальный сайт Кировского муниципального района Ленинградской области. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  14. ^ http://www.getbig.com/ranking/prorankm.htm

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №32-оз от 15 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ленинградской области и порядке его изменения», в ред. Областного закона №23-оз от 8 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении муниципальных образований "Приморское городское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и "Глебычевское сельское поселение" Выборгского района Ленинградской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные Областные законы». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вести", №112, 23 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #32-oz of June 15, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Leningrad Oblast and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Oblast Law #23-oz of May 8, 2014 On Merging the Municipal Formations of "Primorskoye Urban Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and "Glebychevskoye Rural Settlement" in Vyborgsky District of Leningrad Oblast and on Amending Various Oblast Laws. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Ленинградской области. Областной закон №100-оз от 29 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и наделении соответствующим статусом муниципального образования Кировский муниципальный район и муниципальных образований в его составе», в ред. Областного закона №17-оз от 6 мая 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые областные законы в связи с принятием федерального закона "О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации в связи с совершенствованием организации местного самоуправления"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Правительства Ленинградской области", №40, 20 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Leningrad Oblast. Oblast Law #100-oz of November 29, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of and Granting an Appropriate Status to the Municipal Formation of Kirovsky Municipal District and to the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Oblast Law #17-oz of May 6, 2010 On Amending Certain Oblast Laws Due to the Adoption of the Federal Law "On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation Due to the Improvement of the Organization of the Local Self-Government". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).