Otrozhny, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

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For other uses, see Otrozhny.
Otrozhny (English)
Отрожный (Russian)
-  Rural locality[1]  -
Selo[1]
(abolished)
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Otrozhny is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Otrozhny
Otrozhny
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Otrozhny in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 65°07′15″N 172°48′08″E / 65.12083°N 172.80222°E / 65.12083; 172.80222Coordinates: 65°07′15″N 172°48′08″E / 65.12083°N 172.80222°E / 65.12083; 172.80222
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administrative district Anadyrsky District[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of October 2010)
Municipal district Anadyrsky Municipal District[2]
Statistics
Time zone MAGT (UTC+12:00)[3]
Founded 1964[4]
Abolished 1998[5]

Otrozhny (Russian: Отрожный) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Anadyrsky District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located about 200 kilometers (120 mi) west of Anadyr. It is a former gold mining settlement.

History[edit]

The settlement was established in 1964 following the discovery of gold in the area.[4] As well as gold, the mine also extracted osmiridium, with reports stating that several hundred grams were extracted in 1977,[6] a very rare metal, normally only found in conjunction with other platinum group metals. The settlement was abandoned in 1998 when the extraction of gold was no longer economically viable[4] and as of 2008 is in the process of being officially liquidated.[7]

The mines were declared unprofitable and that there was no possibility of developing any other form of economy in 1999 and the settlement was closed along with a number of others in Chukotka.[5] The Russian government guaranteed funds to transport non-working pensioners and the unemployed in liquidated settlements including Otrozhny from Chukotka to other parts of Russia.[5] The Ministry of railways was obliged to lease containers for the transportation of the migrants' goods to the Chukotkan administration and ensure that they were delivered to the various settlements.[5]

Climate[edit]

Otrozhny has a Continental Subarctic or Boreal (taiga) climates (Dfc).[8] On average, the temperature is below freezing from the start of September through to the end of the following May, with average low temperatures of below minus twenty Celsius occurring between November and April. June, July and August are the only months where the temperature is above freezing on average. This short summer period is still cool however, with temperatures rarely rising above ten degrees, although, as can be seen in the table below, there are occasional instances of significant heat.

Climate data for Otrozhny
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
5.7
(42.3)
12
(54)
8.1
(46.6)
19
(66)
32
(90)
33
(91)
27.9
(82.2)
18.2
(64.8)
10
(50)
16.3
(61.3)
1
(34)
33
(91)
Average high °C (°F) −19.7
(−3.5)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−10
(14)
3.5
(38.3)
14.9
(58.8)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
6.5
(43.7)
−6.1
(21)
−17.1
(1.2)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−4.6
(23.7)
Average low °C (°F) −24.3
(−11.7)
−26.9
(−16.4)
−26.1
(−15)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−5
(23)
4.1
(39.4)
7.2
(45)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
−12.5
(9.5)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−12.6
(9.3)
Record low °C (°F) −55.1
(−67.2)
−52
(−62)
−49.9
(−57.8)
−43.2
(−45.8)
−28.9
(−20)
−5.6
(21.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
−7.2
(19)
−17
(1)
−37
(−35)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−50
(−58)
−55.1
(−67.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
6
(0.24)
15
(0.59)
9
(0.35)
27
(1.06)
54
(2.13)
36
(1.42)
18
(0.71)
18
(0.71)
15
(0.59)
12
(0.47)
237
(9.33)
Avg. snowy days 15 14 11 11 8 1 0 0 4 13 12 17 106
Source: [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Law #33-OZ, Article 13.2
  2. ^ Law #148-OZ, Article 10
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ a b c Dead-Cities.ru - Otrozhny
  5. ^ a b c d Постановление Правительства РФ от 2 февраля 1998 г. N 128 О мерах социальной защиты населения ликвидируемых поселков золотодобытчиков в Чукотском автономном округe (Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "Russian Federation Government resolution dated February 2, 1998 No. 128 on measures of social protection of the population of liquidating estates gold miners in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug).
  6. ^ A.A. Sidorov and R.A Eremin, Metallogeny and Gold Lode Deposits of Northeastern Russia
  7. ^ Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №138-ОЗ от 25 октября 2007 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On Administrative and Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #138-OZ of October 25, 2007. ).
  8. ^ McKnight and Hess, pp.232-5
  9. ^ "Weather Averages - Otrozhny". www.meoweather.com. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №33-ОЗ от 30 июня 1998 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №55-ОЗ от 9 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чукотского автономного округа "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня его официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №7 (28), 14 мая 1999 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #33-OZ of June 30, 1998 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #55-OZ of June 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).
  • Дума Чукотского автономного округа. Закон №148-ОЗ от 24 ноября 2008 г. «О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа», в ред. Закона №24-ОЗ от 1 апреля 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение 2 к Закону Чукотского автономного округа "О статусе, границах и административных центрах муниципальных образований на территории Анадырского муниципального района Чукотского автономного округа"». Вступил в силу через десять дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости", №46/1 (373/1), 28 ноября 2008 г. (Duma of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Law #148-OZ of November 24, 2008 On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #24-OZ of April 1, 2011 On Amending Appendix 2 of the Law of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "On the Status, Borders, and Administrative Centers of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Anadyrsky Municipal District of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication date.).
  • McKnight, Tom L; Hess, Darrel (2000). "Climate Zones and Types". Physical Geography: A Landscape Appreciation. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-020263-0. 

External links[edit]