Ottawa Centre

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Coordinates: 45°25′N 75°42′W / 45.417°N 75.700°W / 45.417; -75.700

For the provincial electoral district, see Ottawa Centre (provincial electoral district).
Ottawa Centre
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
Ottawa Centre locator map.png
Ottawa Centre in relation to other electoral districts in Ottawa
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Paul Dewar
New Democratic
District created 1966
First contested 1968
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 114,043
Electors (2006) 92,877
Area (km²)[2] 32.34
Pop. density (per km²) 3,526.4
Census divisions Ottawa
Census subdivisions Ottawa

Ottawa Centre is an urban federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1968. While the riding's boundaries (mainly to the south and west as the north and east borders have remained the Ottawa River and Rideau Canal, respectively) have changed over the years to account for population changes, the riding has always comprised the central areas of Ottawa, the nation's capital.

Ottawa Centre is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by Paul Dewar from the New Democratic Party (NDP). Dewar, a teacher and the son of former Ottawa mayor, Marion Dewar, won the riding with 52 percent of ballots cast in the May 2, 2011 federal election.

History[edit]

The riding was created in 1966 from Carleton, Ottawa West and Ottawa East ridings.

The riding was won in the 1984 election by New Democrat Mike Cassidy. The riding was subsequently won by Liberal Mac Harb in the 1988 election who held it until 2003 when he was appointed to the Senate. The riding was left vacant by Prime Minister Paul Martin until the 2004 election when Ed Broadbent, a former leader of the NDP, defeated Liberal Richard Mahoney, a high-profile lawyer and Liberal strategist and long-time ally of former Prime Minister Paul Martin. The other candidates in 2004 were Mike Murphy of the Conservatives, David Chernushenko of the Greens, Louis Lang of the Marxist-Leninists, Michael Foster, Stuart Ryan of the Communists, Robert Gauthier, and Carla Marie Dancey.

Following the Canadian federal electoral redistribution, 2012, there will be no changes to the riding's boundaries.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Parliament Years Member Party
Ottawa Centre
Riding created from Carleton, Ottawa West and Ottawa East
28th  1968 − 1972     George McIlraith Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974     Hugh Poulin Liberal
30th  1974 − 1978
 1978 − 1979     Robert de Cotret Progressive Conservative
31st  1979 − 1980     John Leslie Evans Liberal
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988     Michael Cassidy New Democratic
34th  1988 − 1993     Mac Harb Liberal
35th  1993 − 1997
36th  1997 − 2000
37th  2000 − 2003
38th  2004 − 2006     Ed Broadbent New Democratic
39th  2006 − 2008     Paul Dewar New Democratic
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present

Geography[edit]

The riding covers most of downtown Ottawa, including the Parliament Buildings. From the historic Rideau Canal, the riding stretches west encompassing the neighbourhoods of Downtown, Centretown (Centretown West which includes Little Italy is usually considered a distinct neighbourhood), LeBreton Flats, Mechanicsville, Hintonburg and Westboro. The riding encompasses additional neighbourhoods south of downtown, including The Glebe, Old Ottawa South, Lees Avenue, Old Ottawa East and others.

Many public sector workers live in the riding. The northern part of the riding contains many government office buildings, including Parliament Hill. The riding also includes Carleton University and Saint Paul University's (where many UOttawa students have residence) campuses and residences.

Demographics[edit]

Average family income: $84,956 [3] (2001)
Median household income: $50,069 [4]
Unemployment: 6.8%
Language, Mother Tongue: English 68%, French 10%, Other 22%
Religion: Catholic 35%, Protestant 26%, Muslim 5%, Orthodox Christian 2%, Buddhist 2%, Jewish 2%, Other Christian 2%, Hindu 1%, Other 1%, No Religious Affiliation 24%.[5]
Visible Minority: Chinese 5%, Black 4%, South Asian 3%, Southeast Asian 2%, Arab 2%, Latin American 1%, Filipino 1%, West Asian 1%, Others 1%

The Ottawa Centre riding has the highest percentage of master's degree holders in all of Canada (12.7%)[6]

Election results[edit]

2011 federal election[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Paul Dewar 33,805 52.11 +12.37
Conservative Damian Konstantinakos 14,063 21.68 -1.89
Liberal Scott Bradley 13,049 20.12 -5.90
Green Jen Hunter 3,262 5.03 -4.89
Marijuana John Andrew Akpata 326 0.50 -0.09
Independent Romeo Bellai 210 0.32
Communist Stuart Ryan 109 0.17
Marxist–Leninist Pierre Soublière 44 0.07 -0.08
Total valid votes/Expense limit 64,868 100.00
Total rejected ballots 267 0.41 0.00
Turnout 65,135 74.96 +5.85
Eligible voters 86,898

2008 federal election[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
New Democratic Paul Dewar 25,399 39.74 +2.81 $74,532
Liberal Penny Collenette 16,633 26.02 -3.18 $85,082
Conservative Brian McGarry 15,065 23.57 +0.87 $85,487
Green Jen Hunter 6,348 9.93 -0.22 $41,577
     Radical Marijuana John Akpata 378 0.59 +0.01 none listed
Marxist–Leninist Pierre Soublière 95 0.15 +0.05 none listed
Total valid votes/Expenditure limit 63,918 100.00 $91,849
Total rejected ballots 266 0.41
Turnout 64,184 69.11
Electors on the lists 92,877
New Democratic hold Swing +3.0

2006 federal election[edit]

Broadbent announced in 2005 that he would not run for re-election so he could devote more time to care for his ailing wife, Lucille. Richard Mahoney was again the Liberal candidate, hoping that, without an opposing star candidate, such as Broadbent, he would be elected this time. The NDP nominated Paul Dewar, a teacher and son of former mayor Marion Dewar. As the Liberal national numbers declined over the course of the campaign, it seemed more likely that the NDP could retain the seat. Mahoney went on the offensive late in the campaign, claiming a vote for Paul Dewar would help the Conservatives. Dewar retained most of Broadbent's voters and won by over 5000 votes. The riding also gave the Green Party of Canada one of its best performances nationwide with over 6,500 votes, over 10%.

Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Paul Dewar 24,611 36.93 -4.12
Liberal Richard Mahoney 19,458 29.20 -1.87
Conservative Keith Fountain 15,126 22.70 +3.67
Green David Chernushenko 6,766 10.15 +2.61
Marijuana John Akpata 386 0.58 -0.14
Independent Anwar Syed 121 0.18
Communist Stuart Ryan 102 0.15 +0.01
Marxist–Leninist Christian Legeais 68 0.10 -0.02
Total valid votes 66,638 100.00
     New Democratic Party hold Swing -1.1

2006 nomination contests

New Democratic Party
Candidate Residence June 22, 2005
Tiffani Murray Ottawa
Jamey Heath Ottawa
Paul Dewar Ottawa X
Shannon Lee Mannion Ottawa
Liberal Party of Canada
Candidate Residence May 17, 2005
Richard Mahoney Ottawa X
Conservative Party of Canada
Candidate Residence May 15, 2005
Keith A. Fountain Ottawa X
Guy Dufort Ottawa
Idris Ben-Tahir Ottawa

2004 federal election[edit]

A map showing the distribution of the NDP vote in the 2004 election. Ed Broadbent did best in Old Ottawa South and the western part of Centretown

The 2004 election was an unusual campaign in Ottawa Centre. The seat was vacated in September 2003 when Liberal incumbent Mac Harb received his long-awaited patronage appointment to the Canadian Senate from outgoing Prime Minister Jean Chrétien.[7] Paul Martin loyalist Richard Mahoney won the Liberal nomination and expected to win the riding.

Former NDP leader and widely respected statesman Ed Broadbent came out of political retirement to win the NDP nomination in January. As the seat was vacant, a by-election was expected to fill the seat and campaigning began in early 2004. However, Prime Minister Paul Martin delayed calling the by-election, in the expectation that a general election would soon be called.

In May 2004, a federal election was called, pre-empting the by-election. Broadbent was increasingly favoured to win, a mid-campaign poll showed him ahead. In addition to Broadbent's personal popularity, the NDP under new leader Jack Layton had greatly increased its popularity, especially in urban Ontario. The campaign was still hard-fought. In the end, Broadbent won a strong victory, and subsequently announced his retirement the following year, in April 2005.


Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
New Democratic Ed Broadbent 25,734 41.05% $75,600.35
Liberal Richard Mahoney 19,478 31.07% $77,325.72
Conservative Mike Murphy 11,933 19.03% $37,895.42
Green David Chernushenko 4,730 7.54% $24,313.40
Marijuana Michael Foster 455 0.72%
Independent Robert Gauthier 121 0.19%
Communist Stuart Ryan 90 0.14 $379.63
Canadian Action Carla Marie Dancey 76 0.12%
Marxist–Leninist Louis Lang 67 0.10%
Total valid votes 62,684 100.00%
Total rejected ballots 270
Turnout 62,954 70.35%

2004 nomination contests

New Democratic Party
Candidate Residence January 20, 2004
Ed Broadbent Ottawa X
Paul Dewar Ottawa
Conservative Party of Canada
Candidate Residence March 29, 2004
Mark P. Donnelly Ottawa
Michael J. Murphy Ottawa X

Previous elections[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mac Harb 22,710 40.00 -5.19
New Democratic Heather-Jane Robertson 13,516 23.81 +0.08
Alliance David Brown 10,167 17.91 +6.34
Progressive Conservative Beverly Mitchell 7,505 13.22 -3.11
Green Chris Bradshaw 1,531 2.70 +1.21
Marijuana Brad Powers 813 1.43
Canadian Action Carla Marie Dancey 210 0.37 -0.04
Communist Marvin Glass 139 0.24
Natural Law Neil Paterson 111 0.20
Marxist–Leninist Mistahi Corkill 66 0.12 -0.14
Total valid votes 56,768 100.00

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mac Harb 25,987 45.19 -6.71
New Democratic Jamey Heath 13,646 23.73 +1.07
Progressive Conservative Peter Annis 9,391 16.33 +4.45
Reform John Perocchio 6,651 11.57 +2.03
Green Frank de Jong 855 1.49 +0.30
Canadian Action Howard Bertram 236 0.41
Natural Law Neil Paterson 211 0.37 -0.34
Independent Susan Cumby 190 0.33
Marxist–Leninist Hardial Bains 150 0.26 +0.07
Independent Malek Khouri 92 0.16
Independent Ray Joseph Cormier 91 0.16
Total valid votes 57,500 100.00


Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mac Harb 23,816 51.90 +15.44
New Democratic Marion Dewar 10,398 22.66 -12.26
Progressive Conservative Ian R. Lee 5,453 11.88 -14.60
Reform Len Tucker 4,380 9.54
National John Foster 740 1.61
Green Frank Thompson 546 1.19 +0.59
Natural Law Neil Paterson 328 0.71
Marxist–Leninist Hardial Bains 86 0.19 +0.06
Independent Clayoquot Keith Ashdown 71 0.15
Abolitionist Pauline G. Morrissette 36 0.08
Commonwealth of Canada Marie-Thérèse Costisella 34 0.07 +0.01
Independent Vic Wilczur 0 0
Total valid votes 45,888 100.00


Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Mac Harb 18,096 36.46 +6.84
New Democratic Mike Cassidy 17,334 34.92 +0.55
Progressive Conservative Bob Plamondon 13,142 26.48 -7.78
Green John W. Dodson 300 0.60 +0.05
Rhinoceros Leapin Liz Johnson 292 0.59 -0.15
Independent John Turmel 152 0.31  
Independent Michael K.B. Hahn 115 0.23  
Libertarian Rudolph Shally 111 0.22  
Independent Hardial Bains 66 0.13  
Commonwealth of Canada Istvan Kovach 30 0.06  
Total valid votes 49,638 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Mike Cassidy 17,844 34.37 +18.41
Progressive Conservative Dan Chilcott 17,790 34.26 -2.15
Liberal John Evans 15,380 29.62 -16.28
Rhinoceros Barry J. Heidt 382 0.74 -0.02
Green Gordon Scott McLeod 285 0.55  
Communist Marvin Glass 93 0.18 -0.07
Independent Ray Joseph Cormier 71 0.14  
Independent Rodger L. James 45 0.09  
Independent Marc Gauvin 29 0.06  
Total valid votes 51,919 100.0  
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal John Evans 21,659 45.90 +5.87
Progressive Conservative Jean Pigott 17,181 36.41 -1.53
New Democratic John Smart 7,529 15.96 -4.73
Rhinoceros David Langille 358 0.76
National Robin Mathews 170 0.36 -0.25
Communist Marvin Glass 116 0.25 -0.09
Independent John Turmel 62 0.13
Marxist–Leninist Robin Collins 44 0.09
Independent Iqbal Ben-Tahir 36 0.08
Independent Ernest Bouchard 32 0.07
Total valid votes 47,187 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal John Evans 19,758 40.03 +12.53
Progressive Conservative Robert de Cotret 18,728 37.94 -6.52
New Democratic John Smart 10,213 20.69 -6.81
Independent Robin Mathews 302 0.61
Independent Michael John Charette 191 0.39
Communist Marvin Glass 166 0.34
Total valid votes 27,163 100.00
By-election on October 16, 1978
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Robert de Cotret 12,078 44.46 +10.10
New Democratic Steven Langdon 7,470 27.50 +8.42
Liberal Bryce Mackasey 7,361 27.10 -16.23
Independent Michael John Houlton 254 0.94
Total valid votes 27,163 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Hugh Poulin 15,308 43.33 +4.81
Progressive Conservative Hugh Segal 12,138 34.36 -0.87
New Democratic Irving Greenberg 6,739 19.08 -6.04
Independent Bela Egyed 877 2.48
Social Credit John Graham 139 0.39 -0.26
Independent Ray Quann 63 0.18
Marxist–Leninist Phil Sarazen 62 0.18
Total valid votes 35,326 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Hugh Poulin 14,101 38.52 -19.22
Progressive Conservative Hugh Segal 12,899 35.23 +1.01
New Democratic Irving Greenberg 9,195 25.12 +17.07
Social Credit Rocco Zavarella 237 0.65
Independent Paul Herman 177 0.48
Total valid votes 36,609 100.00
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal George McIlraith 19,578 57.74
Progressive Conservative Murray A. Heit 11,602 34.22
New Democratic June B. Ralph 2,729 8.05
Total valid votes 33,909 100.00

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

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Sources[edit]

Electoral district associations[edit]