Ottawa County, Michigan

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Ottawa County, Michigan
Seal of Ottawa County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Ottawa County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837[1]
Named for Ottawa Nation
Seat Grand Haven
Largest city Holland
Area
 • Total 1,631.97 sq mi (4,227 km2)
 • Land 565.65 sq mi (1,465 km2)
 • Water 1,066.32 sq mi (2,762 km2), 65.34%
Population
 • (2010) 263,801
 • Density 466/sq mi (180/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.miottawa.org

Ottawa County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 263,801.[2] The county seat is Grand Haven.[1][3] It is named for the Ottawa Nation.[1]

Ottawa County is included in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,631.97 square miles (4,226.8 km2), of which 565.65 square miles (1,465.0 km2) (or 34.66%) is land and 1,066.32 square miles (2,761.8 km2) (or 65.34%) is water.[4] It was set off in 1831 and organized in 1837.[1]

Geographic Features[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 208
1850 5,587 2,586.1%
1860 13,215 136.5%
1870 26,651 101.7%
1880 33,126 24.3%
1890 35,358 6.7%
1900 39,667 12.2%
1910 45,301 14.2%
1920 47,660 5.2%
1930 54,858 15.1%
1940 59,660 8.8%
1950 73,751 23.6%
1960 98,719 33.9%
1970 128,181 29.8%
1980 157,174 22.6%
1990 187,768 19.5%
2000 238,314 26.9%
2010 263,801 10.7%
Est. 2013 272,701 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 263,801 people residing in the county. 90.1% were White, 2.6% Asian, 1.5% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.4% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 8.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 31.0% were of Dutch, 14.2% German, 5.8% English and 5.7% Irish ancestry.[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 238,314 people, 81,662 households, and 61,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 421 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 86,856 housing units at an average density of 154 per square mile (59/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.52% White, 1.05% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 2.09% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.48% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. 7.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.3% reported being of Dutch, 14.6% German, 6.2% English, 5.6% Irish and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 91.5% spoke only English at home; 5.4% spoke Spanish.

There were 81,662 households out of which 39.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.60% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 19.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.25.

The county has numerous seasonal residents during the summer. Port Sheldon Township has many lakefront homes and other inland retreats that serve as summer getaways for residents of Grand Rapids, Detroit, and Chicago. No official statistics are compiled on seasonal residents.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 11.90% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 20.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation ranks Ottawa County Michigan's second-healthiest county,[9] preceded only by the leisure-oriented Traverse City area.

The median income for a household in the county was $52,347, and the median income for a family was $59,896. Males had a median income of $42,180 versus $27,706 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,676. About 3.10% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 4.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Ottawa County elected officials[edit]

(information as of June 2013)

Politics[edit]

Ottawa County is a stronghold of the Republican Party. The last Democratic Party candidate to carry the county was George B. McClellan in 1864.[11]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 83,330 votes in the county (61.03% of the total) to Democrat Barack Obama's 50,828 (37.23%), even as Obama carried the state of Michigan by a double-digit margin.[12]

In 2004, Republican president George W. Bush received 92,048 votes in the county (71.55%) to Democrat John Kerry's 35,552 (27.64%).[13]

In 2000, Bush received 78,703 votes (71.16%) to Democrat Al Gore's 29,600 (26.76%).[14]

2008 election results are as follows: Republican Jack Hoogendyk received 59.08% of Ottawa County's vote in his failed bid against US Senator Carl Levin; Republican Representative Peter Hoekstra received 71.7% of the vote; Republican David Agema received 73.45% in the race for the 74th district; Republican Arlan B. Meekhof received 60.71% in his race for the 89th District; Republican Joseph Haveman received 71.92% in his race for the 90th District; and Holly Hughes received 61.55% in her failed bid against Mary Valentine for the 91st District. No Republican lost any race in the county, and Republicans ran unopposed in several local races. The county voted against stem-cell research, but narrowly favored the legalization of medical marijuana and voted to allow the sales of beer and liquor on Sundays.[15]

In 2012 Republican representative Bill Huizenga,[16] Republican Senatorial candidate Pete Hoekstra,[17] and Republican Presidential candidate Mitt Romney[18] all received over 60% of the county's vote.

Cities, villages, townships and unincorporated communities[edit]

Villages

Townships

Transportation[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Bibliography on Ottawa County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder"
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/app/michigan/2013/rankings/outcomes/overall/by-rank
  10. ^ http://www.co.ottawa.mi.us/Departments/BOC/
  11. ^ Geographie Electorale
  12. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&off=0&elect=0&fips=26139&f=0
  13. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2004&fips=26139&off=0&elect=0&f=0
  14. ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2000&fips=26139&off=0&elect=0&f=0
  15. ^ Ottawa Michigan County Government site
  16. ^ CNN election results for U.S. House: Michigan District 02
  17. ^ CNN election results for Senate
  18. ^ CNN election results for President

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°55′N 86°14′W / 42.92°N 86.23°W / 42.92; -86.23