Ottawa County, Oklahoma

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Ottawa County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Ottawa County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded 1907
Seat Miami
Largest city Miami
Area
 • Total 485 sq mi (1,256 km2)
 • Land 471 sq mi (1,220 km2)
 • Water 13 sq mi (34 km2), 2.77%
Population
 • Total 32,236
 • Density 66/sq mi (25/km²)
Congressional district 2nd

Ottawa County is located in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma, bordering both Kansas and Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,848.[1] Its county seat is Miami. It was named for the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma.[2] After the 2010 United States Census, Ottawa county became part of the Joplin, Missouri metropolitan area.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Archaeological studies indicate this area was inhabited by prehistoric people. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture, at the start of the 20th Century, there were eight Archaic sites (6000 B. C. to 1 A. D.), sixteen Woodland sites (1 A. D. to 1000 A.D.) and six Plains Village sites (1000 to 1500 A. D.).[2]

The Osage Nation had moved into the area by the 19th Century.They ceded this land to the Federal Government in exchange for another area farther west in Indian Territory. In 1828, the Western Cherokees ceded their land in Western Arkansas to the Federal Government and obtained the land just vacated by the Osage. In 1831, the Federal Government reacquired part of what would eventually become Ottawa County to resettle some smaller tribes, These included two tribes of Seneca, Shawnee, Quapaw, Peoria, Kaskaskias, Miami, Ottawa and Wyandotte. The Neosho Agency administered the affairs of these tribes from 1837 until 1871. In that year, it became the Quapaw Agency, serving only the tribes in Indian Territory.[2]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,255 km² (485 mi²), of which 1,221 km² (471 mi²) is land and 35 km² (13 mi²) (2.77%) is water.[3] The eastern part of the county lies in the Ozark Plains, while the western is in the Neosho Lowlands.[2]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 15,713
1920 41,108 161.6%
1930 38,542 −6.2%
1940 35,849 −7.0%
1950 32,218 −10.1%
1960 28,301 −12.2%
1970 29,800 5.3%
1980 32,870 10.3%
1990 30,561 −7.0%
2000 33,194 8.6%
2010 31,848 −4.1%
Est. 2012 32,236 1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]
Age pyramid for Ottawa County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 33,194 people, 12,984 households, and 9,114 families residing in the county. The population density was 27/km² (70/mi²). There were 14,842 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (32/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 74.15% White, 0.58% Black or African American, 16.53% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 1.54% from other races, and 6.78% from two or more races. 3.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,984 households out of which 30.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.60% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 9.70% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,507, and the median income for a family was $32,368. Males had a median income of $25,725 versus $18,879 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,478. About 13.00% of families and 16.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.80% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[6]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 9,811 63.11%
  Republican 4,277 27.51%
  Unaffiliated 1,459 9.38%
Total 15,547 100%

Economics[edit]

Lead and zinc mining has been important to the county economy since 1890. By 1910, the local mining industry had been controlled by a few large corporations, including Commerce Mining and Royalty Company, the Eagle-Picher Company, the Childers Mining Company, the LaClede Lead and Zinc Company, and the American Lead and Zinc Company. In 1926, at the region's peak of production, Ottawa County was the largest source of lead and zinc in the world. By the 1960s most of the mines had closed, leaving mine shafts, sinkholes, chat piles, and other dangers for future cleanup. Tripoli, primarily used as an abrasive, was found near Peoria in 1912, and continued to be mined into the twenty-first century.[2]

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[7]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 61.80% 6,905 38.20% 4,268
2004 59.41% 7,443 40.59% 5,086
2000 49.29% 5,625 49.49% 5,647

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites are in Ottawa County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e O'Dell, Larry. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture. "Ottawa County." Retrieved February 16, 2009.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  7. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°50′N 94°49′W / 36.84°N 94.81°W / 36.84; -94.81