|Elevation||627 ft (191.1 m)|
|Area||1.01 sq mi (2.6 km2)|
|- land||1.01 sq mi (3 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2), 0%|
|Density||124.8 / sq mi (48.2 / km2)|
|Incorporated||March 7, 1867|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Otterville is located at (39.051073, -90.397601).
According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 1.01 square miles (2.6 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 120 people, 41 households, and 33 families residing in the town. The population density was 119.8 people per square mile (46.3/km²). There were 43 housing units at an average density of 42.9/sq mi (16.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.67% White, 1.67% Native American, and 1.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.50% of the population.
There were 41 households, out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.9% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.5% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.36.
In the town, the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $34,063, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $33,000 versus $16,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $10,588. There were 14.7% of families and 14.6% of the population living below the poverty line, including 19.4% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.
- John B. Hamilton, (1847–1898) served as the U.S. Surgeon General from 1879 to 1891
- Stephen V. White, (1831–1913) US congressman from New York
Otterville is the home of the first free integrated school in the United States, the Hamilton Primary School, located on Main Street. In 1834, Dr. Silas Hamilton, a local physician, left $4,000 for the construction and operation of a building for educational and religious purposes. A stone-built school was opened in 1836, and the tuition-free education for local students attracted families to the area. The school was razed in 1872, and was rebuilt and enlarged, with the original stones at the base. Classes were held at the school until 1971. George Washington, a slave freed by Dr. Hamilton, studied here, became successful, and established a perpetual scholarship fund for Americans of African descent. He also provided for the erection of a monument to his former master at the school.
The school was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998.
- Illinois Regional Archives Depository System. "Name Index to Illinois Local Governments". Illinois State Archives. Illinois Secretary of State. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Hamilton Primary School in Otterville, retrieved August 24, 2007