Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck

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Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck
Bundesarchiv Bild 102-05748, Berlin, Trauung des Fürsten Otto von Bismarck.jpg
The wedding of the Prince of Bismarck and Ann-Mari Tengbom, in the Berliner Dom, 1928. President Paul von Hindenburg, members of the cabinet and representatives of the Swedish embassy were present
Prince of Bismarck
Tenure 18 September 1904 – 24 December 1975
Predecessor Herbert von Bismarck
Successor Ferdinand von Bismarck
Spouse Ann-Mari Tengbom
Issue Ferdinand von Bismarck
Maximilian von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Gunilla von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen
Full name
Otto Christian Archibald Fürst von Bismarck
House House of Bismarck
Father Herbert von Bismarck
Mother Marguerite, Countess of Hoyos
Born (1897-09-25)25 September 1897
Schönhausen, Brandenburg
Died 24 December 1975(1975-12-24) (aged 78)
Friedrichsruh, Schleswig-Holstein
Burial Friedrichsruh
Styles of
The Prince of Bismarck
Bismarck-Wappen.png
Reference style His Serene Highness
Spoken style Your Serene Highness
Alternative style Sir

Otto Christian Archibald, Prince von Bismarck (25 September 1897, Schönhausen, Brandenburg – 24 December 1975) was a German politician and diplomat, and the Prince of Bismarck from 1904 to his death.

He was the eldest of the three sons of Herbert von Bismarck, as well as the grandson of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and elder brother of Gottfried Graf von Bismarck-Schönhausen. A lawyer, he became the owner of the family estate in Schönhausen and joined the diplomatic service in 1927, serving in Stockholm (1927–28), London (1928–37), with the Foreign Ministry in Berlin (1937–40), as Envoy to Rome (Kingdom of Italy) (1940–43), and finally as head of the Italian section of the Foreign Ministry (1943–44).

In August 1942, Bismarck was directed to request that Italy turn over Jewish refugees in Italian-occupied Croatia for deportation to the East. He disclosed to the Italian Foreign Minister Count Ciano[1] that the goal was the "dispersion and elimination" of these Jews.[2]

He was a member of the DNVP (the conservative party) in the Weimar Republic, and served as a Member of Parliament from 1924 to 1928. In 1933 he joined the Nazi Party and in 1935 he became a member of the Anglo-German Fellowship. In the 1950s he considered becoming a member of the FDP (the liberal party), which offered him a nomination for Parliament, but eventually joined the conservative CDU instead. He served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Herzogtum Lauenburg (Duchy of Lauenburg, his grandfather held the title Duke of Lauenburg) from 1953 to 1965, and as a member of the foreign affairs committee. He was also a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and served as its Vice President from 1959 to 1960 and from 1961 to 1966. He was also chairman of the Deutsche Parlamentarische Gesellschaft from 1957 to 1961. He received the Great Cross of Merit in 1965.

Bismarck married Ann-Mari Tengbom (1907–1999), a native of Sweden, daughter of Ivar Tengbom, on 18 April 1928, and they had six children, including the current head of the princely House of Bismarck, Ferdinand von Bismarck, and the philanthropist Gunilla von Bismarck. His grandson Carl-Eduard von Bismarck served as a Member of Parliament, representing the CDU for the constituency Herzogtum Lauenburg, from 2005 to 2007.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Esther Gitman, 'When Courage Prevailed: The Rescue and Survival of Jews in the Independent State of Croatia 1941-1945' (Paragon House, Kindle Location 2782, 2011-09-27)
  2. ^ Susan Zuccotti, Under His Very Windows: The Vatican and the Holocaust in Italy (2000), p. 116

See also[edit]

German nobility
Preceded by
Herbert von Bismarck
Prince of Bismarck
1904–1975
Succeeded by
Ferdinand von Bismarck
Political offices
Preceded by
Member of Parliament
1924–1928
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Member of Parliament for the Duchy of Lauenburg
1953–1965
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Chairman of the Deutsche Parlamentarische Gesellschaft
1957–1961
Succeeded by
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
German Envoy to the Kingdom of Italy
1940–1943
Succeeded by