Otto Marburg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Otto Marburg
Otto Marburg.jpg
Born 1874
Römerstadt, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
Died 1948
New York
Nationality Austrian
Occupation Neurologist

Otto Marburg (1874 – 1948) was an Austrian neurologist known for his contributions to the understanding of multiple sclerosis and for advances in neurooncology.

Marburg was born in Römerstadt in Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (today Rýmařov, Czech Republic). From 1919 to 1938 he was head of the Neurological Institute at the University of Vienna. Following the 1938 Anschluss, Marburg was forced to emigrate to the United States as a refugee. Arriving in New York, he joined Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons as clinical professor of neurology.

He was author of several standard texts about the nervous system, and a subtype of multiple sclerosis (Marburg multiple sclerosis) has been named after him.

Marburg died of cancer in New York in 1948, at the age of 74.

Otto Marburg is not related to the Marburg virus, which was discovered in 1967 in the German town of Marburg.

Publications[edit]

  • O. Marburg: Mikroskopisch-topographischer Atlas des menschlichen Zentralnervensystems mit begleitendem Texte. third edition Franz Deuticke, Leipzig, Vienna 1927. (first edition- 1904, second edition- 1927) - Microscopic-topographical atlas of the human central nervous system with accompanying text.
  • O. Marburg: Die physikalischen Heilmethoden in Einzeldarstellungen für praktische Ärzte und Studierende. Franz Deuticke, Leipzig, Vienna 1905.
  • O. Marburg: Die Hemiatrophia facialis progressiva; der umschriebene Gesichtsschwund. Hölder, Vienna 1912 - Progressive facial hemiatrophy.
  • J. A. Hirschl, O. Marburg: Syphilis des Nervensystems, einschliesslich Tabes und Paralyse. Hölder, Vienna 1914 - Syphilis of the nervous system, including tabes and paralysis.
  • G. Alexander, O. Marburg, H. Brunner (editors): Handbuch der Neurologie des Ohres. four volumes, Urban & Schwarzenberg, Berlin 1923–1929 - Handbook of neurology of the ear.
  • O. Marburg: Der Kopfschmerz und seine Behandlung. Moritz Perles, Vienna 1926 - Headache and its treatment.
  • O. Marburg: Der Schlaf, seine Störungen und deren Behandlung. Springer, Berlin, Vienna 1928 - Sleep disorders and treatment.
  • J. Meller, O. Marburg: Zur Kenntnis des Wesens der sogenannten Czermak-v. Hippelschen Netzhauterkran-kung. S. Karger, Berlin 1928 - Knowledge of the nature of the so-called "Czermak-von Hippel Netzhauterkran effect".
  • O. Marburg: Unfall und Hirngeschwulst: Ein Beitrag zur Ätiologie der Hirngeschwülste. Springer, Berlin 1934 - Contribution to the etiology of brain tumors.
  • E. Grünthal, F. Hiller, O. Marburg: Traumatische präsenile und senile Erkrankungen, Zirkulationsstörun-gen. Springer, Berlin 1936 - Traumatic presenile and senile diseases.
  • O. Marburg, M. Helfand: Injuries of the nervous system, including poisonings. Veritas Press, New York 1939 -
  • O. Marburg: Hydrocephalus: its symptomatology, pathology, pathogenesis and treatment. Oskar Piest, New York 1940.

References[edit]

  • Based in a report of 1948 of the magazine Time [1]
  • List of publications copied from equivalent article at the German Wikipedia.