Otto Schulz

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For other people named Otto Schulz, see Otto Schulz (disambiguation).
Otto Schulz
Otto Schulz.jpg
Otto Schulz
Nickname(s) Eins-Zwei-Drei Schulz
Born (1911-02-11)11 February 1911
Treptow an der Rega (Now in Poland)
Died 17 June 1942(1942-06-17) (aged 31)
Sidi Rezegh
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1934-1942
Rank Oberleutnant
Unit Jagdgeschwader 27
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards German Cross(14 February 1942) Knight's Cross (22 February 1942)

Oberleutnant Otto Schulz (born 11 February 1911 in Treptow an der Rega – died 17 June 1942 in Sidi Rezegh) was a German World War II Luftwaffe fighter ace. He scored 48 of his victories against the Western Allies and three victories over the Eastern Front in over 450 combat missions whilst flying the Messerschmitt Bf 109. [Also, as distinct from Otto Schultz, another German fighter ace in World War 2 who flew with JG51 over the Eastern Front]

Luftwaffe service[edit]

Otto Schulz joined the Luftwaffe in 1934 and served as an instructor until January 1940, when he was posted to the newly formed 4./Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27—27th Fighter Wing).[1] He participated in the French Campaign and the Battle of Britain, scoring his first victory on 31 August 1940. By the end of 1940, he had four victories to his credit. Schulz also participated in the brief Balkan Campaign in April 1941, scoring two victories, flying out of airbases in Bulgaria then Greece. His unit, as with most of the Luftwaffe, was then withdrawn for the imminent invasion of Russia. Despite II./JG 27's very brief 9-day participation in Operation Barbarossa,[2] he scored three victories. Two of these were some of the 25 bombers shot down over Vilnius by II./JG 27 on 25 June, however most of that short time the Gruppe was tasked with fighter-bomber missions.

The Gruppe was then withdrawn back to Germany to re-equip on the new Messerschmitt Bf 109F fighter, before being sent to join I./JG 27 already based in North Africa late in September. Once there, Otto became far more successful. On 6 October 1941, 20 October and 28 November, he recorded three victories on each day. Otto's score-sheet is slightly unusual in that many of his victories can be positively identified with specific Allied pilots: On 30 November, his 23rd and 24th victims were aces Sergeant Alan Cameron (6.5 victories) and Pilot Officer Neville Duke (27th v.). He claimed another 'ace' on 15 December (30th v.), when he shot down and killed Pilot Officer Geoffrey Ranger (5 victories) of No. 250 Squadron RAF.

Schulz received his nickname Eins-Zwei-Drei Schulz (One-Two-Three Schulz) in January 1942 when he took off in an emergency scramble at 7:01, shot down two bombers at 7:02 and landed again at 7:03.[3] An alternative version is that it was an elderly Bombay transport on 27 November 1941. The plane was from No. 216 Squadron RAF, and carrying men from the new SAS unit heading off on their first large-scale raid behind enemy lines.[4]

On 25 January 1942, in claiming two P-40 fighters for his 34th and 35th victories, he overtook his Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) Gustav Rödel as the top scorer in II./JG 27. On 15 February 1942, he took off on his own and chased after 20 aircraft of Nos 94 and 112 Sqns that had just strafed his airfield at Martuba. He shot down five more P-40 Kittyhawks in ten minutes, including the top 17-victory Royal Air Force (RAF) ace Ernest "Imshi" Mason.[5] This put him on 44 victories, just behind the 48 of the then top-scorer in the Desert, Hans-Joachim Marseille. In recognition of this success, they were both awarded the Knight's Cross on the same day - 22 February - the first such awards for JG 27 since arriving in North Africa.

After this his scoring slowed right down to only three victories in March. Sent to officer-training school, he was promoted to Leutnant in April. At the end of May, now an Oberleutnant and assigned to the Stab (HQ) flight of II./JG 27 as Technical Officer, he had another quick flurry of four victories including his 50th on 31 May, a P-40 flown by South African ace Major Andrew Duncan (5.5 victories) of No. 5 Squadron SAAF, who was killed.

On 17 June 1942, after claiming his 51st and last victory (Canadian ace Flight Lieutenant Walter “Wally” Conrad (6.5 victories) of No. 274 Squadron who was wounded), Schulz himself was shot down and killed in his Bf 109 F-4trop [W.Nr 10271] by RAF Kittyhawks near Sidi Rezegh. Research suggests the victory should be credited to Canadian ace James "Stocky" Edwards of No. 260 Squadron RAF.[6]

Otto Schulz is credited with 51 victories from about 400 combat missions, and included only 3 victories on the Eastern Front.

Victories[edit]

No Date Time Unit & Airfield Gruppe Kommandeur[7] Location / Planquad Claimed Aircraft Source / Comments[8]
1 31 Aug 1940 13:40 4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp) Dover Spitfire Prien/Bock
2 1 Sep 1940 15:15 4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp) Ashford Spitfire Prien/Bock
3 3 Sep 1940 11:35 4./JG 27 - Fiennes, France Olt Ernst Düllberg (temp) Thames estuary Spitfire Prien/Bock
4 28 Oct 1940 15:30 4./JG 27 - St Inglevert, France Hptm Wolfgang Lippert Gravesend Spitfire Prien/Bock
5 15 Apr 1941 6:55 4./JG 27 - Bitolj, S.Yugoslavia Hptm Wolfgang Lippert W of Trikkala PZL P.24 C.2036/II AnerkNo 29
6 20 Apr 1941 17:10 4./JG 27 - Larissa, Greece Hptm Wolfgang Lippert Megara Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNo 46
7 22 Jun 1941 8:20 4./JG 27 - Przasnysz, E.Poland Hptm Wolfgang Lippert N of Olytus I-15 C.2036/II AnerkNo 35
8 26 Jun 1941 9:25 4./JG 27 - Vilnius, Lithuania Hptm Wolfgang Lippert NNW of Vilnius SB-3 C.2036/II AnerkNo 37
9 26 Jun 1941 14:40 4./JG 27 - Vilnius, Lithuania Hptm Wolfgang Lippert E of Paratjanowo SB-3 C.2036/II AnerkNo 39
10 (6 or) 10 Oct 1941 9:10 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert SE of Sidi Omar P-40 Tomahawk AnerkNo 47; of 2 Sqn SAAF
11 (6 or) 10 Oct 1941 9:15 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert SE of Sidi Omar Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNo 49
12 (6 or) 10 Oct 1941 9:20 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert SE of Sidi Omar Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNo 51
13 30 Oct 1941 9:30 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert S of Bardia Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNo 52
14 30 Oct 1941 9:35 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert 10 km E of Sidi Omar Hurricane C.2033/I AnerkNo 23
15 30 Oct 1941 9:43 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert 25 km SW of Sollum: 3000m Hurricane C.2033/I AnerkNo 23
16 17 Nov 1941 7:10 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert NE of Ain-el-Gazala: 50m Bombay C.2036/II AnerkNo 54
17 21 Nov 1941 9:55 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert SW of El Adem Wellington C.2036/II AnerkNo 55; of 109 Sqn RAF
18 22 Nov 1941 16:55 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Hptm Wolfgang Lippert 20 km SE of Bir Hacheim: 2000m P-40 Tomahawk C.2033/I; Prien/Bock; of 112 Sqn RAF or 3 Sqn RAAF
19 25 Nov 1941 16:00 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) N of Tobruk P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 61
20 28 Nov 1941 16:00 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) N of El Adem P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 63
21 28 Nov 1941 16:10 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) SW of El Adem Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNr 64; F/O Vos, 94 Sqn
22 28 Nov 1941 16:12 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) El Adem Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNr 65; Ltn Palm, 94 Sqn
23 30 Nov 1941 9:10 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) NE of Bir-el-Gobi P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 66; Sgt Cameron, 3 Sqn RAAF
24 30 Nov 1941 9:20 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) SW of El Adem P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 67; P/O Duke, 112 Sqn RAF
25 4 Dec 1941 10:16 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) Bir-el-Gobi P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 69
26 6 Dec 1941 12:28 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) SE of El Adem Blenheim C.2036/II AnerkNr 74; of Lorraine Sqn RAF
27 6 Dec 1941 12:30 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) SE of El Adem Blenheim C.2036/II AnerkNr 75
28 7 Dec 1941 9:50 4./JG 27 - Ain-el-Gazala, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) S of Ain-el-Gazala Boston C.2036/II AnerkNr 76; of 24 Sqn SAAF
29 8 Dec 1941 13:10 4./JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) N of Ridotto Boston C.2036/II AnerkNr 77; of 24 Sqn SAAF
30 15 Dec 1941 11:30 4./JG 27 - Derna, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) SW of Geziregh P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/I AnerkNr 81; P/O Ranger, 250 Sqn RAF
31 20 Dec 1941 9:40 4./JG 27 - Magrum, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) W of Maraua P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/I AnerkNr 82; of 112 or 250 Sqn RAF
32 20 Dec 1941 9:43 4./JG 27 - Magrum, Cyrenaica Olt Gustav Rödel (temp) W of Maraua P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/I AnerkNr 83; of 112 or 250 Sqn RAF
33 11 Jan 1942 13:10 4./JG 27 - Arco Philaenorum, El Agheila Hptm Erich Gerlitz NE of Antelat P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 84; F/O Barr, 3 Sqn RAAF
34 25 Jan 1942 16:35 4./JG 27 - El Agheila, Libya Hptm Erich Gerlitz NE of Antelat P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 85; of 250 Sqn RAF
35 25 Jan 1942 16:40 4./JG 27 - El Agheila, Libya Hptm Erich Gerlitz 25 km NE of Antelat: 50m P-40 C.2035/II AnerkNr 22
36 8 Feb 1942 10:35 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz W of Ain-el-Gazala: 1000m P-40 C.2035/II AnerkNr 22
37 8 Feb 1942 10:40 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz E of Ain-el-Gazala P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 87
38 13 Feb 1942 10:22 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz NE of Tobruk P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 11
39 13 Feb 1942 10:30 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz Tobruk P-40 C.2036/II AnerkNr 88
40 15 Feb 1942 17:45 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz SE of Martuba P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 89; S/Ldr Mason, 94 Sqn
41 15 Feb 1942 17:46 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz SE of Martuba P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 90; Sgt Belcher, 94 Sqn
42 15 Feb 1942 17:47 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz SE of Martuba P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 91; Sgt Weightman, 94 Sqn
43 15 Feb 1942 17:50 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz W of Ain-el-Gazala P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 92; P/O Marshall, 94 Sqn
44 15 Feb 1942 17:55 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz SE of Martuba P-40 Kittyhawk C.2035/II; Prien/Bock; Sgt McQueen, 94 Sqn
45 13 Mar 1942 12:35 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz SW of Tobruk P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 57; Sgt Rozanski, 112 Sqn
46 15 Mar 1942 11:32 4./JG 27 - Martuba, Cyrenaica Hptm Erich Gerlitz 10–12 km S of Fort Acroma: 400m P-40 Kittyhawk C.2033/I AnerkNr 22; of 450 Sqn RAF
47 28 May 1942 12:20 Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Hptm Gustav Rödel 15 km NW of El Adem P-40 Kittyhawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 28; Sgt Ovenston, 260 Sqn RAF
48 28 May 1942 16:12 Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Hptm Gustav Rödel 15 km E of El Adem P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 29; Lt Pare, 5 Sqn SAAF
49 31 May 1942 18:57 Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Hptm Gustav Rödel 20 km SW of El Adem: 500m P-40 Tomahawk IIb C.2033/I AnerkNr 75; Maj Duncan, 5 Sqn SAAF
50 31 May 1942 19:00 Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Hptm Gustav Rödel 15 km SW of El Adem P-40 Tomahawk C.2036/II AnerkNr 30; Capt Copeland, 5 Sqn SAAF
51 17 Jun 1942 10:20 Stab II/JG 27 - Tmimi, Cyrenaica Hptm Gustav Rödel E of Bu Amud Hurricane C.2036/II AnerkNr 34; F/Ltn Conrad, 274 Sqn RAF

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Luftwaffe Officer Career Summaries website.
  2. ^ Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters website.
  3. ^ Alman 1998, p. 205
  4. ^ Weal 2003, pg. 72.
  5. ^ Sundin/Bergstrom 2003, pg.34
  6. ^ Weal 2003, pg. 78.
  7. ^ Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters website.
  8. ^ Aces of the Luftwaffe website.
  9. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 430.
  10. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 393.
Bibliography
  • Alman, Karl (1998). Ritterkreuzträger des Afrikakorps [Knight's Cross Bearers of the Afrika Korps] (in German). Rastatt, Germany: VPM Verlagsunion Pabel Moewig. ISBN 978-3-8118-1457-8. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Kurowski, Franz. German Fighter Ace: Hans-Joachim Marseille: Star of Africa. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 1994. ISBN 0-88740-517-7.
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scutts, Jerry (1994). Bf 109 Aces of North Africa and the Mediterranean. London, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-448-0. 
  • Smith, J.Richard & Pegg, Martin. Jagdwaffe Vol 3, Sec3: War over the Desert June1940 - June1942 Hersham, Surrey: Ian Allan Publishing, 2003 ISBN 1-903223-22-9
  • Sundin, Claes & Bergström. Christer. Luftwaffe Fighter Aircraft in Profile. Altglen, PA: Schiffer Military History, (1997). ISBN 0-7643-0291-4 including colour profile of aircraft [#25]
  • Weal, John. Bf109D/E Aces 1939-41. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 1996. ISBN 1-85532-487-3.
  • Weal, John. Jagdgeschwader 27 'Afrika'. London: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-538-4.

External links[edit]