Otto I, Duke of Carinthia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Otto of Worms)
Jump to: navigation, search
Otto of Worms
Otto I of Carinthia.jpg
Otto dux, Chronica sancti Pantaleonis,
Cologne, c. 1237
Duke of Carinthia
Reign 978 – 983
Predecessor Henry I
Successor Henry I
Duke of Carinthia
Reign 1002 – 4 November 1004
Predecessor Henry II
Successor Conrad I
Spouse Judith of Carinthia (?)
Issue Henry of Speyer
Pope Gregory V
Conrad I, Duke of Carinthia
William, Bishop of Strasbourg
Dynasty Salian
Father Conrad, Duke of Lorraine
Mother Liutgarde of Saxony
Born c. 948
Died 4 November 1004 (aged 55–56)
Burial Bruchsal (?)
Religion Catholic

Otto (c. 948 – 4 November 1004), called Otto of Worms, was Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death.

Life[edit]

A scion of the Salian dynasty from Rhenish Franconia, Otto was the only son of Count Conrad the Red, Duke of Lotharingia from 944, and Liutgarde of Saxony, daughter of Emperor Otto I. He is first documented as a count in the Nahegau about 956, he also held the Speyergau and Wormsgau, as well as several other counties in the area.

In 978 Emperor Otto II appointed Count Otto Carinthian duke and Margrave of Verona, after his Luitpolding predecessor Henry the Younger had unsuccessfully rebelled against the Imperial authority during the War of the Three Henries and was deposed. In 985 however, Emperor Otto's widow Theophanu, in order to gain support for the succession of her minor son Otto III, restored Carinthia to the Luitpoldings, and Otto again lost his duchy. He could at least retain the ducal title as "Duke of Worms", received the Kaiserpfalz of Lautern and seized large estates of Wissembourg (Weißenburg) Abbey in compensation.

Upon the death of Duke Henry II of Bavaria in 995, Otto at first received the March of Verona back, while Carinthia passed to Henry's son Duke Henry IV of Bavaria. When Emperor Otto III had died in 1002, Otto of Worms and Henry IV of Bavaria were candidates for the election as King of the Romans; Otto withdrew and received the Duchy of Carinthia from the newly elected king Henry (then Henry II of Germany) in return. Nevertheless he was forced to cede his Rhenish possessions to his long-time rival Bishop Burchard of Worms.

Otto died two years later, he was succeeded as Carinthian duke by his son, Conrad.

Family[edit]

Otto married Judith (died 991), probably a granddaughter of Duke Arnulf the Bad of Bavaria. They had the following known children:

Otto I, Duke of Carinthia
Died: 4 November 1004
German royalty
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry I
Duke of Carinthia
978–985
Succeeded by
Henry I
Preceded by
Henry III
Duke of Carinthia
1002–1004
Succeeded by
Conrad I