Otto von Lutterberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Otto von Lutterberg (died 16 February 1270) was the Ordensmeister of the Livonian Order of the Teutonic Knights from 1266 to 1270, and was in command of the Livonian Order in 1268 when the Knights were heavily defeated by a Russian army at the Battle of Rakvere. [1][2]

It was von Lutterberg who separated the heavy wedge formation of the knights into two at the Battle of Rakvere in order to prevent encirclement by the far more numerous Russians, leaving one of the two wedges in an ambush formation in a wood. The plan misfired, the men of the second wedge misjudging the course of the battle and bursting from the wood to plunder the Russian camp, only to find the Russians unbeaten. Von Lutterberg survived the ensuing encirclement, rout and pursuit of the Livonian Order's forces, only to be killed in 1270 at the Battle of Karuse against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Otto von Lutterberg is buried in Karuse village church, in present-day Estonia.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Theodor Schiemann Russland, Polen und Livland bis ins 17. Jahrhundert, Volume 2
  2. ^ Ritterbrüder im livländischen Zweig des Deutschen Ordens. Köln: Böhlau, 1993. Nr. 537 (lk 409–412). ISBN 3-412-06593-5 ISBN 9783412065935
  3. ^ Viirand, Tiiu (2004). Estonia. Cultural Tourism. Kunst Publishers. p. 106. ISBN 9949-407-18-4.