Ottoman–Persian War (1775–76)

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Ottoman–Persian War (1775–1776)
Part of the Ottoman–Persian Wars
Date 1775–1776
Location Basra, Iraq
Result Basra captured by Persia,[1] retaken by Ottomans three years later.[1]
Belligerents
Zand Dynasty Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Sadiq Khan Zand Suleiman al-Jalili
Strength
Southern Persian Military, Zandieh Regiments, Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Ottoman–Persian War of 1775–1776 was fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Zand dynasty of Persia. The Persians, ruled by Karim Khan and led by his brother Sadiq Khan,[2] invaded southern Iraq[3] and after besieging Basra for a year, took the city from the Ottomans in 1776.[4] The Ottomans, unable to send troops, were dependent on the Mamluk governors to defend that region.

In an attempt to raise troops and provisions for this war, Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid I, made Suleiman al-Jalili mubayaaci (official of provisions), ordering him to send provisions to Baghdad, which he ignored, instead he restricted merchants from selling their goods.[5] As a result, the Persians held Basra until 1779 when the Ottomans, under Sulayman Agha,[6] retook the city, following Karim Khan's death.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fattah, Hala Mundhir (1997). The Politics of Regional Trade in Iraq, Arabia, and the Gulf: 1745-1900. SUNY Press. p. 34. ISBN 9781438402376. 
  2. ^ Mohibbul Hasan, Waqai-i manazil-i Rum: Tipu Sultan's mission to Constantinople, (Aakar Books, 2005), 19.
  3. ^ Dina Rizk Khoury, State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834, (Cambridge University Press, 2002), 47.
  4. ^ Dina Rizk Khoury, State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834, 44.
  5. ^ Dina Rizk Khoury, State and Provincial Society in the Ottoman Empire: Mosul, 1540-1834, 69.
  6. ^ 'Abd al-Hamid I, M. Cavid Baysun, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. I, ed. H.A.R. Gibb, J.H. Kramers, E. Levi-Provencal and J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 62.
  7. ^ Dionisius A. Agius, In the Wake of the Dhow: The Arabian Gulf and Oman, (Ithaca Press, 2010), 15.