Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–18)

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Ottoman–Safavid War of 1603–18
Part of the Ottoman–Persian Wars
Date 1603–1618
Location Mesopotamia (Iraq), South Caucasus
Result Decisive Safavid victory.
Treaty of Nasuh Pasha
Treaty of Serav
Safavid Empire  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Shah Abbas I
Allahverdi Khan
Giorgi Saakadze (Mūrāv-Beg)
Ganj Ali Khan
Qarachaqay Khan
Ottoman Empire Sultan Ahmed I
Ottoman Empire Osman II
Ottoman Empire Damat Halil Pasha

The Ottoman–Safavid War was a war between Safavid Persia under Abbas I of Persia and the Ottoman Empire under Sultan Ahmed I. It began in 1603 and ended with a decisive Safavid victory in 1618. At the end of the war, Persia had regained and reestablished its suzerainty over the Caucasus, Mesopotamia, and eastern Anatolia.


Abbas I had recently undertaken a major reform of his army through the English gentleman of fortune Robert Shirley and the shah's favorite ghulam and chancellor Allahverdi Khan and thus opened in 1603, with the first Safavid pitched victory won in 1604. This forced the Ottomans to return the territory they had seized from Persia, including Baghdad. He then won another victory at Basra in 1605, soon after extending his empire beyond the Euphrates; forcing the Ottomans to cede back almost all of the Caucasus, Mesopotamia and eastern Anatolia, including recognizing Persian suzerainty of the newly conquered North Caucasian territory of Kabardino-Balkaria, all according to the Treaty of Nasuh Pasha. Hostilities ceased momentarily in 1614 with the Persian army at its peak. Hostilities later resumed and Abbas completely crushed the allied Ottoman-Tartar force near Sultanieh in 1618, bringing the war to an end on terms highly favourable to the Persians.

See also[edit]