Ottoman campaign against Hormuz

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Ottoman campaign against Hormuz
(1552-1554)
Part of Ottoman–Portuguese Conflicts (1538–1557)
Piris Reis expedition map-fr.svg

Seydi Ali-Ambush.png

Seydi Ali Reis and his galleys taken in an ambush by Portuguese forces while trying to bring back his fleet from Basra to Suez in August 1554.
Date 1552-1554
Location Persian Gulf
Result Decisive Portuguese victory
Ottoman force destroyed
Belligerents
Flag Portugal (1521).svgPortuguese Empire Naval Ensign of the Ottoman Empire (1453–1793).svg Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Afonso de Noronha Piri Reis
Seydi Ali Reis
Strength
unknown 4 galleons
25 galleys
850 troops
Casualties and losses
unknown All ships destroyed or captured

The Ottoman campaign against Hormuz took place in 1552-54. An Ottoman fleet led by Admiral Piri Reis and Seydi Ali Reis was dispatched from the Ottoman harbour of Suez to eliminate the Portuguese presence from the northwestern part of the Indian Ocean, and especially their fortress at Hormuz Island.

Preliminaries[edit]

The Ottomans were able to take possession of Basra from Persia during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1532–1555). The Ottomans were then able to capture several key positions in the Persian Gulf. In 1550, they captured Qatīf.[1]

In the 1552-54 expedition, the Ottoman force consisted in 4 galleons, 25 galleys, and 850 troops, dispatched from the Ottoman harbour of Suez.[2]

Sieges of Muscat and Hormuz[edit]

The fleet managed to chase the Portuguese from Muscat, modern Oman, in August 1552 in the Capture of Muscat. Soon however the Ottomans departed. However, they were unsuccessful in the Siege of Hormuz in September 1552.[1]

Ultimately, the fleet managed to occupy and control the coasts of Yemen, Aden and Arabia, as far north as Basra, so as to facilitate their trade with India.[2] The fleet went up to Basra, then an Ottoman harbour. They were able to capture Bahrain in 1554.[1]

Meanwhile, during the year 1553, Seydi Ali Reis was leading an expedition against the Portuguese into the India Ocean, but he was unsuccessful.[1]

Seydi Ali Reis and his galleys would be taken in an ambush by Portuguese forces while he was trying to bring back his fleet from Basra to Suez in August 1554.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d The Cambridge history of Islam Peter Malcolm Holt, Ann K. S. Lambton, Bernard Lewis p.332 [1]
  2. ^ a b Maritime India-Trade, Religion and Polity In the Indian Ocean by Pius Malekandathil p.117 [2]