Ottoman minelayer Nusret

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Replica of the Turkish minelayer "Nusret".jpg
Replica of the Nusret shown in Canakkale
Career (Ottoman Empire) Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg
Name: Nusret
Builder: Schiffs & Maschinenbau AG Germania, Kiel, German Empire
Laid down: 1911
Launched: 4 December 1911
Commissioned: 1913
Decommissioned: October 1918 and laid up
Career (Turkey)
Name: Nusret (1922), Yardım (1937), Nusret (1939), Kaptan Nusret (1966)
Decommissioned: 1955 and laid up at Gölcük, for conversion to museum ship
Reclassified: Diver vessel (1937), tender (1939)
Refit: Sold 1962 to commercial interests and rebuilt 1962-1966 to general cargo motorship
Fate: April 1989 capsized near Mersin, 1999 salvaged, 2003 memorial/museum ship
General characteristics
Displacement: 365 t
Length: 40.2 m (LPP)
Beam: 7.5 m
Depth: 3.4 m
Installed power: 1200ihp
Propulsion:

2 triple 3 cyl. vertical engines

2 Schultz water-tube boilers
Speed: 15 kts (trials), 12kts (1914)
Complement: -
Armament:

2 x 47 mm quick fire gun (Krupp), 40 mines (1913)

2 × 57mm quick fire gun, 60 mines (1927)

Nusret (Eng. 'the help of God') was a naval ship of the Ottoman Navy, which served as a minelayer during the Gallipoli Campaign, and later fulfilled various roles in the Turkish Navy; as minelayer (1927–1937), diver vessel (1937–1939) and tender (1939–1955). She was laid down in 1911 and launched from Schiff & Maschinenbau AG 'Germania' at Kiel, Germany on December 4 of that year.[1]

She was commissioned into the Ottoman Navy in 1913, captained by Lieutenant Tophaneli Hakki (Güverte Kıdemli Yüzbaşı Tophaneli İbrahim oğlu Hakkı) under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Geehl.[citation needed] The Nusret played a pivotal role in the Dardanelles Campaign, laying 26 mines in an unexpected position in February 1915 just prior to the ill-fated invasion which sank HMS Irresistible, HMS Ocean and the French battleship Bouvet, and left the British battle cruiser HMS Inflexible badly damaged.[2]

After World War I Nusret was laid up in Istanbul until 1926/7 when she was refitted at Gölcük. In 1937 she became the diving vessel Yardin and in 1939 reverted to Nusret as a tender. In 1955 she was decommissioned and again laid up, with the intention to convert her to a museum ship. However, in 1962 she was sold to commercial buyers who had her converted to a cargo motorship, unrecognisable as the former minelayer, entering service as Kaptan Nusret in 1966. In April 1989 she sank near Mersin Harbour, and lay submerged for 10 years.[3]

In 2002 the wreck of Nusret was acquired by the Municipality of Tarsus, Mersin Province for reconstruction ashore as a museum ship, opened in about 2008.[4]

Replica of the Nusret

A replica Nusret has been built by the Gölcük Naval Shipyard to be displayed in Çanakkale by the shore of the Narrows of the Dardanelles along with the types of mines that it laid in World War I. In March 2011 this Nusret was commissioned into the Turkish Navy as the museum ship N-16.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Langensiepen & Gülyerüz "The Ottoman Steam Navy 1828-1923". Conway Maritime Press, London 1995
  2. ^ http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/2visiting/turkish_nusret.html
  3. ^ Langensiepen & Gülyerüz "The Ottoman Steam Navy 1828-1923". Conway Maritime Press, London 1995
  4. ^ http://www.nusratmayingemisi.com/english/tarsusagelis.php
  5. ^ (Turkish) http://www.canakkaleolay.com/yazi.asp?id=2766
  6. ^ (Turkish) "Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri Basın Duyurusu". Retrieved 2012-09-09. 

External links[edit]