Ottoman palaces in Istanbul

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Below are the palaces commissioned by the Ottoman dynasty in İstanbul, Turkey. Actually some of these buildings are summer houses or mansions.

Image Name Meaning of the name Construction dates Commissioned by Notes
Topkapı Palace from the Bosphorus Topkapı Palace
Cannon Gate Palace
Mehmed II called the palace Sarây-ý Cedîd (New Palace). The palace received its current name during Mahmud I's reign when the seaside palace, the Cannon Gate Palace by the Sea (Topkapusu Sâhil Sarâyý) was destroyed in a fire, its name was transferred to the New Palace.[1] 1460-1478[2] Mehmet II
Aynalıkavak Palace Aynalıkavak Palace
[n 1]
The palace also called as Tersane Palace (Shipyard palace); has been named as “Aynalikavak Palace” beginning from the 17th century.[3] 1613-1614[4] Ahmed I
Yıldız Palace Yıldız Palace
Star Palace
The name Yıldız comes from the Turkish and meaning "Star".[5] The end of the 18th century[6] Selim III.[n 2]
Dolmabahçe Palace as seen from the Bosphorus Dolmabahçe Palace
Filled Garden Palace[7]
The name Dolmabahçe comes from the Turkish dolma meaning "filled" and from the Persian[8] bahçe meaning "garden." 1843-1856[9] Abdülmecid I
Ihlamur Palace Ceremonial House Ihlamur Palace [n 3]
Tilia Palace
The name Ihlamur comes from the Greek and means "tilia".[10] 1849-1855[11] Abdülmecid I
Küçüksu Palace seen from the Bosphorus Küçüksu Palace [n 4]
Small Water Palace
The name Küçüksu comes from the Turkish küçük meaning "small"[13] and su meaning "water".[14] 1856-1857[15] Abdülmecid I
Beylerbeyi Palace from the Bosphorus Beylerbeyi Palace
Lord of Lords Palace
The name Beylerbeyi comes from the Turkish[17] and meaning "Lord of Lords". 1863-1865[18] Abdülaziz
Çırağan Palace seen from Bosporus Çırağan Palace
Torch Palace
The name Çırağan comes from the word "cerag" which means torch in Persian. The area in which the Palace is located was called Çırağan because of the famous Ottoman parties which were held in tulip gardens with torches.[19] 1863-1871[20] Abdülaziz

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ After the conquest of Constantinople, Sultan Mehmed II (r. 1444–46, 1451–81) had a palace built in what is modern-day Istanbul’s Beyazýt district, on the spot where the University of Istanbul stands today; this first palace subsequently became known as the Old Palace (Eski Saray). Following the construction of the Old Palace, Mehmed II then had the Tiled Kiosk (Çinili Köþk) built, followed by Topkapý Palace itself, to which the court relocated when construction was complete. Mehmed called this place the New Palace (Sarây-ý Cedîd). The palace received its current name when Sultan Mahmud I (r. 1730–54) had a large wooden palace constructed near the city’s Byzantine walls, in front of which were placed several ceremonial cannons; this seaside palace was named the Cannon Gate Palace by the Sea (Topkapusu Sâhil Sarâyý), and, when this palace was destroyed in a fire, its name was transferred to Mehmed II’s New Palace. Topkapı Palace Museum
  2. ^ Initially constructed between 1460 and 1478 by Sultan Mehmed II, the conqueror of Constantinople, and expanded upon and altered many times throughout its long history, the palace served as the home of the Ottoman sultans and their court until the middle of the 19th century. Topkapı Palace Museum
  3. ^ "AYNALIKAVAK PAVILION" National Palaces. Retrieved 18 August 2014
  4. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 18 August 2014
  5. ^ Wiktionary yıldız
  6. ^ XVIII. yüzyıl sonunda, Sultan III. Selim (1789-1087) validesi Mihrişah Sultan için buraya başka bir kasır yaptırmış ve bu kasra "Yıldız" ismi verilmiştir. Translation. In the end of the 18th century, Sultan Selim III (1789-1807) built another pavilion here for his mother, Mihrişah and the pavilion was named "Yıldız". www.kulturvarliklari.gov.tr
  7. ^ Dolmabahçe Means Filled Garden Istanbul Trails
  8. ^ Wiktionary bahçe
  9. ^ Dolmabahçe Palace was built by Sultan Abdulmecid (1839-1861) who was the thirty first Ottoman Sultan. The palace, whose construction commenced on June 13th, 1843, was brought into use on June 7th, 1856, upon completion of surrounding walls. National Palaces
  10. ^ "IHLAMUR" Turkish Language Association. Retrieved 18 August 2014
  11. ^ "IHLAMUR PAVILIONS" National Palaces. Retrieved 18 August 2014
  12. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 18 August 2014
  13. ^ Wiktionary küçük
  14. ^ Wiktionary su
  15. ^ The pavilion which was also used during the period of Sultan Mahmud II (1808-1839) was demolished by the order of Sultan Abdülmecid (1839-1861) and Küçüksu Pavilion was built there between the years 1856-1857. National Palaces
  16. ^ Küçüksu Pavilion was designed by Nikoğos Balyan and completed in 1857. Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the Republic of Turkey
  17. ^ Wiktionary beylerbey
  18. ^ it was constructed on demand of the sultan of the period, Sultan Abdülaziz (1861 - 1876). Construction of the palace was commenced on 6 August 1863 and it was formally opened to usage on 21 April 1865, Friday. National Palaces
  19. ^ Palaces of Istanbul
  20. ^ "İslâm Ansiklopedisi Online (in Turkish)" PDF "TDV Encyclopedia of Islam". Retrieved 18 August 2014

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The palace also known as Aynalıkavak Pavilion
  2. ^ Sultan Selim III built the palace for his mother, Mihrişah
  3. ^ The palace also known as Ihlamur Pavilion
  4. ^ The palace also known as Küçüksu Pavilion or Göksu Pavilion