Eurasian scops owl

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Otus scops)
Jump to: navigation, search
European scops owl
Zwergohreulen.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Strigiformes
Family: Strigidae
Genus: Otus
Species: O. scops
Binomial name
Otus scops
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Otus scops distr.png

     Summer      Resident      Winter

The European scops owl (Otus scops), also known as the Eurasian scops owl or just scops owl, is a small owl. This species is a part of the larger grouping of owls known as typical owls, Strigidae, which contains most species of owl. The other grouping is the barn owls, Tytonidae.

Distribution[edit]

This bird breeds in southern Europe eastwards into western and central Asia. It is migratory, wintering in southernmost Europe and sub-Saharan Africa. It is rare any distance north of its breeding range, usually occurring as a spring overshoot. It is unlikely that this nocturnal owl would be found outside the breeding season when it is not calling. It breeds in open woodland, parks and gardens. It lays 3-6 eggs in a tree hole.

Description[edit]

Grey morph

This is a small owl, and at 19–21 cm (7.5–8.3 in) in length and a 47–54 cm (19–21 in) wingspan is not as large as the little owl. Body mass ranges from 64 to 135 g (2.3 to 4.8 oz).[2] The scops owl perches upright and shows small ear tufts. It is predominantly grey-brown in colour, with paler face, underparts and shoulder line. This species has a strong direct flight on long narrow wings, reflecting its migratory habits.

Behavior[edit]

The call is a deep whistle given by both sexes. It is similar to the call of the Midwife Toad.

Diet[edit]

It takes small prey such as insects and other invertebrates. It is largely nocturnal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Otus scops". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ CRC Handbook of Avian Body Masses by John B. Dunning Jr. (Editor). CRC Press (1992), ISBN 978-0-8493-4258-5.

External links[edit]