Ouachita County, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ouachita County, Arkansas
Ouachita County, AR, Courthouse IMG 2241.JPG
The Ouachita County Courthouse, constructed in 1933 and renovated in 2002, is located in Camden, Arkansas.
Map of Arkansas highlighting Ouachita County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded November 29, 1842
Seat Camden
Largest city Camden
Area
 • Total 739.63 sq mi (1,916 km2)
 • Land 732.45 sq mi (1,897 km2)
 • Water 7.18 sq mi (19 km2), 0.97%
Population
 • (2010) 26,120
 • Density 36/sq mi (13.77/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Ouachita County Veterans Memorial is located on the courthouse lawn in Camden.
Vietnam Monument in Camden
Confederate Women's Monument at Ouachita County Courthouse in Camden

Ouachita County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2010, the population was 26,120. The county seat is Camden.[1] The county was formed on November 29, 1842, and named for the Ouachita River. The county is part of the Camden Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The county is a former Democratic Party stronghold and the home of the Pryor family, which includes two U.S. senators, David Pryor (1978–1997) and his son Mark Pryor (elected 2002). The elder Pryor is also a former Arkansas governor and congressman. In 1972, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon became the first Republican presidential nominee in the 20th Century to win a majority in Ouachita County. Much later, in the 2008 presidential election, U.S. Senator John S. McCain won the county by nearly ten percentage votes over Senator Barack Obama, following President George W. Bush's victory over Senator John F. Kerry in 2004.

The county is served by a daily newspaper, The Camden News.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 739.63 square miles (1,915.6 km2), of which 732.45 square miles (1,897.0 km2) (or 99.03%) is land and 7.18 square miles (18.6 km2) (or 0.97%) is water.[2]

Major Highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,591
1860 12,936 34.9%
1870 12,975 0.3%
1880 11,758 −9.4%
1890 17,033 44.9%
1900 20,892 22.7%
1910 21,774 4.2%
1920 20,636 −5.2%
1930 29,890 44.8%
1940 31,151 4.2%
1950 33,051 6.1%
1960 31,641 −4.3%
1970 30,896 −2.4%
1980 30,541 −1.1%
1990 30,574 0.1%
2000 28,790 −5.8%
2010 26,120 −9.3%
Est. 2012 25,396 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]
2012 Estimate[4]
Age pyramid Ouachita County[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 28,790 people, 11,613 households, and 8,071 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 13,450 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 59.74% White, 38.64% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 11,613 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.00% were married couples living together, 15.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.50% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 25.60% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,341, and the median income for a family was $35,736. Males had a median income of $30,976 versus $18,800 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,118. About 16.10% of families and 19.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.20% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Census designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. The townships of Ouachita County are listed below with the town(s) and/or city that are fully or partially inside them listed in parentheses. [7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  3. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 6, 2013. 
  5. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ US Census Bureau. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Ouachita County, AR (Map). http://www2.census.gov/geo/pvs/bas/bas11/st05_ar/cou/c05103_ouachita/BAS11C20510300000_000.pdf. Retrieved 20110824.
  8. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/maps/DC10_GUBlkMap/cousub/dc10blk_st05_cousub.html#O

Coordinates: 33°36′N 92°55′W / 33.600°N 92.917°W / 33.600; -92.917