Ouagadougou Airport

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Ouagadougou Airport


OUA is located in Burkina Faso
Location of the airport in Burkina Faso
Airport type Public / Military
Serves Ouagadougou
Location Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Hub for Air Burkina
Elevation AMSL 1,037 ft / 316 m
Coordinates 12°21′11″N 01°30′44″W / 12.35306°N 1.51222°W / 12.35306; -1.51222Coordinates: 12°21′11″N 01°30′44″W / 12.35306°N 1.51222°W / 12.35306; -1.51222
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,028 9,934 Asphalt
04R/22L 1,911 6,269 Laterite
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 404,726

Ouagadougou Airport (IATA: OUAICAO: DFFD) is an airport located in the centre of the city of Ouagadougou in Burkina Faso. It was built in the 1960s and it is located approximately 1.5 km south east of the main commercial area. The airport site itself is approximately 4.8 km in length, 0.5 km in width at its narrowest point, and covers an area of approximately 426 hectares. Its runway is 3 000m long. When the airport was originally built it was on the southern boundary of the city as it stood at that time. Ouagadougou has since experienced rapid urbanization and the airport is now surrounded by urban development.[2]

Besides having outgrown its capacity constraints, the airport is also a source of pollution and risk. The government therefore has plans for a new airport 30 km north of the capital.[2][3]

In addition to civilian traffic, the airport also has a military sector.[4]

Civilian use[edit]

The airport handles about 98% percent of all scheduled commercial air traffic in Burkina Faso. Air Burkina and Air France handle about 60% of all scheduled passenger traffic. Between 2005 and 2011, air passenger traffic at Ouagadougou airport grew at an average annual rate of 7.0 percent per annum reaching about 404,726 passengers in 2011 and was estimated to reach 850,000 by 2025.

In 2007 it was the fifteenth busiest airport in West Africa in passenger volume, just ahead of Port Harcourt (Nigeria) and behind Banjul (Gambia).

The total air cargo grew 71% from 4,350 tons in 2005 to about 7,448 tons in 2009.[5]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Algiers
Air Burkina Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Bobo-Dioulasso, Cotonou, Dakar, Lomé, Niamey
Air Côte d'Ivoire Abidjan
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Niamey
Arik Air Bamako, Cotonou, Lagos
ASKY Airlines Abidjan, Addis Ababa, Lomé, Niamey[6]
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Ethiopian Airlines Abidjan, Addis Ababa, Niamey
Kenya Airways Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Niamey
Senegal Airlines Bamako, Dakar, Niamey
Tunisair Bamako, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Westair Benin Abuja, Cotonou, Niamey


Airlines Destinations
Avient Aviation Liège
Cargolux Luxembourg
Emirates SkyCargo[7] Dakar, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Frankfurt

Military use[edit]

The United States military uses the military side of the airport as the hub of its airborne intelligence operations in much of Western Africa.

The surveillance operations are carried out mainly with small, unarmed turboprop aircraft disguised as private planes but in reality full of surveillance equipment. The U.S. spy planes fly hundreds of miles north to Mali, Mauritania and the Sahara, where they search for Al-Qaida fighters from the Maghreb. The planes refuel on isolated airstrips favored by African bush pilots, extending their effective flight range by thousands of miles.

Ouagadougou is the most important of the ca. dozen air bases that the US has established in Africa since 2007.[4]

Plans for a new airport[edit]

The government plans to close the current airport upon construction of the new Ouagadougou-Donsin Airport, approximately 35 km northeast of Ouagadougou near the village of Donsin. The new airport is expected to be completed around 2018 and the government of Burkina Faso has a $85 million loan from the World Bank to help finance the construction.[3][5] The government of Burkina Faso believed that the project would cost $618 million.[2]

The first phase of construction of the new airport is planned for a five-year period beginning in 2013 and finishing in 2018. This phase will focus on the construction of infrastructure that is required to move the operations from Ouagadougou to Donsin. A second expansion phase is planned for 2026–2030 to meet projected increases in demand. At this stage, however, the government of Burkina Faso is only seeking investors for Phase 1. The plans call for a single runway 3 500 m long, which is 500 m longer than the runway at the current airport, with an option to extend to 4 000 m. Generally 3 000 m is sufficient to land virtually any aircraft at sea level, but longer runways are often helpful for heavily loaded cargo planes. Space for a second runway and its accompanying infrastructure has been reserved for when growth in air traffic warrants it.[2]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]