Wargli language

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Ouargli
Twargrit
Native to Algeria
Region Ouargla, N'Goussa
Native speakers
5,000  (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 oua
Glottolog taga1278[2]
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Berber-speaking areas of the Mzab, Ouargla, and Oued Righ

Ouargli, or Teggargrent (also Twargrit, Təggəngusit), is a Zenati Berber language spoken in the oases of Ouargla (Wargrən) and N'Goussa (Ingusa) in Algeria. As of 1987, it had no more than 10,000 speakers;[3] the Ethnologue estimated only 5,000 speakers as of 1995.[4] There are some differences between the dialects of Ouargla (Təggargrənt) and N'Goussa (Təggəngusit), notably in the position of pronominal clitics; within Ouargla, there are minor differences between the three tribes At-Brahim, At-Sisin and At-Waggin.[5]

Speakers from Ouargla regard the varieties of Ouargla, N'Goussa, Tugurt or Temacine and Tumzabt or Mozabite (and possibly other Zenati varieties) as dialects of a single language they call Twargrit,[6] and, according to Delheure (1987:355), at Wargrən fəhhəmən d awəḥdi tawsint, "the Ouarglis understand Temacine very well."

The principal grammatical study is Biarnay (1908);[7] a less detailed sketch is provided in Basset (1893).[8] Its lexicon is fairly extensively documented in Delheure's (1987) dictionary[9] The bilingual texts in Biarnay and Basset are more recently supplemented by the texts on daily life in Delheure (1988)[10] and the folk tale collection in Delheure (1989);[11] the latter, unlike other work on Ouargli, includes texts from N'Goussa as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ouargli at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tagargrent". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Delheure 1987:1
  4. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=oua
  5. ^ Delheure 1987:2
  6. ^ Delheure 1988:20, 24; Delheure 1987:273
  7. ^ S. Biarnay, 1908, Etude sur le dialecte berbère de Ouargla, Paris: Ernest Leroux
  8. ^ René Basset, 1893, Etude sur la Zenatia du Mzab, de Ouargla et de l'Oued-Rir'. Paris: Ernest Leroux.
  9. ^ Jean Delheure, 1987, Agerraw n iwalen teggargarent-tarumit / Dictionnaire ouargli-français, Paris: SELAF
  10. ^ Jean Delheure, 1988, Vivre et mourir à Ouargla. Tameddurt t-Tmettant Wargren. Paris: SELAF
  11. ^ Jean Delheure, 1989, Contes et légendes berbères de Ouargla : Tinfusin, Paris: Boîte à Documents

Bibliography[edit]

  • René Basset, Etude sur la zénatia du Mzab, de Ouargla et de l'Oued-Rir', Paris, Leroux, 1893
  • Samuel Biarnay, Etude sur le dialecte berbère de Ouargla, Alger, Leroux, 1908
  • Jean Delheure, Dictionnaire Ouargli-Français (Index Ricapitulatif Français-Ouargli), Paris, SELAF, 1987 - ISBN 2-85297-197-6
  • Jean Delheure, "Id akkaz ini id ahaji. Devinettes et énigmes de Ouargla (Sud Algérien)", Etudes et Documents Berbères 3 (1987), pp. 76–83 - ISSN 0295-5245
  • Jean Delheure, Vivre et mourir à Ouargla / Tameddurt t-tmettant wargren, Paris, SELAF, 1988 - ISBN 2-85297-196-8
  • Jean Delheure, "Baghdidis et l'Ogre. Saynète dans le parler de Ouargla", Etudes et Documents Berbères 4 (1988), pp. 103–115 - ISSN 0295-5245
  • Jean Delheure, Contes et légendes berbères de Ouargla, Paris, La Boîte à Documents, 1989 - ISBN 2-906164-05-4
  • Jean Delheure, "Izlan d id aghanni. Poésie et chants de Ouargla", Etudes et Documents Berbères 5 (1989), pp. 85–104 - ISSN 0295-5245
  • Alain Romey, histoire, mémoire et sociétés, L'exemple de N'goussa: oasis berbérophone du Sahara (Ouargla), Paris-Alger, L'Harmattan-Awal, 1992 ISBN 2-7384-1579-2