Houses at the Voorstraat in Oudeschans
Location of Oudeschans in Bellingwedde (green), Groningen (dark grey), the Netherlands (light grey)
|• Total||46 ha (114 acres)|
|• Land||44 ha (109 acres)|
|• Water||2 ha (5 acres)|
|• Density||210/km2 (530/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NL-GR|
Oudeschans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʌudəˌsxɑns]; Old Sconce) is a village with a population of 95 in the municipality Bellingwedde in the Netherlands. The 16th-century fortification is now a state protected village area with several national heritage sites.
The fortification was named Bellingwolderschans, meaning Sconce of Bellingwolde, in 1593. It was renamed Oudeschans, meaning Old Sconce, after the fortification of Nieuweschans, meaning New Sconce, was built in 1628.
In 1593, during the Eighty Years' War, the fortification was built by William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg to strengthen the strategically important Bellingwolderzijl (Sluice of Bellingwolde) connecting the river Westerwoldsche Aa to the Dollart. The fortification was used for military purposes until 1814. In the 1980s, some of the walls, canals, and bastions were restored. In 1991, the fortification became a state protected village area (Dutch: beschermd dorpsgezicht).
Map of the fortification from the Atlas Van Loon (1649)
Vestingmuseum and art gallery
- (Dutch) CBS StatLine, Statistics Netherlands, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-04.
- (Dutch) De vesting, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
- (Dutch) Overzicht van aangewezen en in procedure zijnde stads- en dorpsgezichten, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, 2013. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
- (Dutch) Vestingmuseum, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
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- (Dutch) Oudeschans on the municipal website
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