Oudeschans

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Oudeschans
Village
Three houses made of red bricks
Houses at the Voorstraat in Oudeschans
Map of Oudeschans in Bellingwedde and Groningen with an insert of a map of Groningen in the Netherlands
Location of Oudeschans in Bellingwedde (green), Groningen (dark grey), the Netherlands (light grey)
Coordinates: 53°8′15″N 7°8′25″E / 53.13750°N 7.14028°E / 53.13750; 7.14028Coordinates: 53°8′15″N 7°8′25″E / 53.13750°N 7.14028°E / 53.13750; 7.14028
Country Netherlands
Province Groningen
Municipality Bellingwedde
Area (2012)[1]
 • Total 46 ha (114 acres)
 • Land 44 ha (109 acres)
 • Water 2 ha (5 acres)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 95
 • Density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 9696
Area code(s) 0597
ISO 3166 code NL-GR

Oudeschans (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈʌudəˌsxɑns]; Old Sconce) is a village with a population of 95 in the municipality Bellingwedde in the Netherlands. The 16th-century fortification is now a state protected village area with several national heritage sites.

Etymology[edit]

The fortification was named Bellingwolderschans, meaning Sconce of Bellingwolde, in 1593. It was renamed Oudeschans, meaning Old Sconce, after the fortification of Nieuweschans, meaning New Sconce, was built in 1628.[2]

History[edit]

In 1593, during the Eighty Years' War, the fortification was built by William Louis, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg to strengthen the strategically important Bellingwolderzijl (Sluice of Bellingwolde) connecting the river Westerwoldsche Aa to the Dollart. The fortification was used for military purposes until 1814. In the 1980s, some of the walls, canals, and bastions were restored.[2] In 1991, the fortification became a state protected village area (Dutch: beschermd dorpsgezicht).[3]

Demographics[edit]

In 2012, the village had a population of 95 and a population density of 206.5/km2 (535/sq mi).[1]

Attractions[edit]

The 17th-century garrison church, walls, canal, bastions, and several other buildings are state monuments (Dutch: rijksmonumenten).

Vestingmuseum Oudeschans is a local museum about the history of the fortification of Oudeschans with a display of archaeological findings from the 17th and 18th centuries.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Dutch) CBS StatLine, Statistics Netherlands, 2013. Retrieved on 2013-08-04.
  2. ^ a b (Dutch) De vesting, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
  3. ^ (Dutch) Overzicht van aangewezen en in procedure zijnde stads- en dorpsgezichten, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed, 2013. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.
  4. ^ (Dutch) Vestingmuseum, Stichting Vesting Oudeschans. Retrieved on 12 February 2014.

External links[edit]