Brits, North West

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Brits
Brits is located in South Africa
Brits
Brits
 Brits shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 25°38′4″S 27°46′52″E / 25.63444°S 27.78111°E / -25.63444; 27.78111Coordinates: 25°38′4″S 27°46′52″E / 25.63444°S 27.78111°E / -25.63444; 27.78111
Country South Africa
Province North West
District Bojanala
Municipality Madibeng
Established 1924
Area[1]
 • Total 114.7 km2 (44.3 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 53,511
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 70.4%
 • Coloured 3.6%
 • Indian/Asian 2.7%
 • White 22.3%
 • Other 0.9%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Tswana 28.6%
 • Afrikaans 25.9%
 • Northern Sotho 10.1%
 • Tsonga 10.1%
 • Other 25.3%
Postal code (street) 0250
PO box 0250
Area code 012

Brits is a large town and district situated in a fertile, citrus, vegetable and grain-producing area that is irrigated by the waters of the Hartbeespoort Dam in North West Province of South Africa. It is close to the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality in Gauteng, which includes Pretoria and it has the same dialling code as Pretoria. In addition to being a centre for agriculture, the town is home to several heavy industries. A factory of the Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo produced cars for the domestic market and export to Asia from 1974 to 1985. The town also plays an important role in the South African mining industry: 94% of South Africa's platinum comes from the Rustenburg and Brits districts, which together produce more platinum than any other single area in the world. In addition, there is a large vanadium mine in the district.

The Indian area in Brits is called Primindia. Brits is part of the Madibeng Local Municipality. Brits was linked to the Pretoria by the N4 Platinum Bakwena Toll Road in the early 2000s (decade), which significantly cut travel time between Brits and the major cities of Gauteng.

As of 2006, Brits was experiencing a development boom, because of increased mining activity in the region.[2]

History[edit]

The first European to build a pioneer hut in the area was Albertus Venter circa 1840. He settled down with his wife and daughter on the farm which is today known as De Kroon and started farming. The Fourie family soon joined him and on 13 June 1846 the first white baby was born in this area north of the Magaliesberg. Phillipus Fourie eventually bought the farm from Venter and he put up the first permanent homestead that became known as the "Ou Werf".

The railway station called Brits was opened on 9 July 1906 and residents began putting up small businesses on the southern side of it. The station was built on the property of Johan Nicolaas Brits that owned part of the farm Roodekopjes. In 1918 a steam driven roller mill was built west of the station and served the farming community for many decades. Mail now arrived by train and it became the station master's job to sort out the peoples mail. The first post office was built on the station in 1915, and the first post master was Haydon Thomas. It was in this little building that the first telephone was installed and it was operated by Miss Theron. The first police station was established in 1921 and Sergeant Prinsloo was the first station commander.

A little village began to develop around the main road on the southern side of the station, which later became known as Tom Street. Unfortunately no proper town planning was done and this area had no access to running water. A businessman by the name of Louis Karovsky, bought the part of Hendrik Christiaan Brits' farm to the north of the rail road. This section was cut up into 940 stands and legally proclaimed as a township in October 1923.[3] The area south of the railway station eventually become the Indian area of Primindia, with Tom Street as its primary business node. Brits was founded in 1924 on the farm Roode Kopjes (Red Hills) and was named after the owner, Johannes Nicolaas Brits. The armistice treaty for the Transvaal civil war was signed in 1864 beneath a karee tree just to the south of Brits. A speech by General Hertzog in 1912 at the nearby De Wildt railway station led to the formation of the National Party.

Animals[edit]

The De Wildt Cheetah and Wildlife Centre, renowned for its success in breeding and studying cheetah, king cheetah, brown hyena, suni, blue duiker and wild dogs is situated in the small town of De Wildt, just east of Brits.

Brits is also the birthplace of the first cloned animal in Africa, a cow.[4]

Transport[edit]

Brits Airfield is located a few miles north of the town.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Brits and Oukasie from Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Boom time for Brits?". iafrica.com. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  3. ^ Agter die Magalies by B.K. de Beer, published by www.kameeldoringboeke.co.za, ISBN 9780987016461
  4. ^ "Cow becomes Africa's first clone". BBC News. 2003-05-07. Retrieved 2009-06-24.