Our Lady of Charity

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Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre
Patroness of Cuban peoples
Virgen de la caridad del cobre.jpg
The present image enshrined in the Minor Basilica of Nuestra Senora Caridad del Cobre
Our Lady of Charity
Mother of Cuba, La Cachita
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Major shrine Basilica of El Cobre, Cuba
Feast September 8, Feast of Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Attributes The Blessed Virgin Mary carrying the Christ child and holding a crucifix atop an inverted crescent moon, with triple cherubs, encrusted with jewels and golden crown and aureole halo.
Patronage Cuba, Cuban peoples, Mullatos, Salt and Copper miners
Controversy Cuban and slave independence, tolerance towards mixed Mulatto races

Our Lady of Charity also known as Our Lady of El Cobre or Nuestra Senora de la Virgen de la Caridad is a popular Marian title of the Blessed Virgin Mary known in many Catholic countries.

Several known Marian images with the same title exist around the world while a particular hispanic image is pontifically designated as the patroness of Cuba. The present image is enshrined in National Shrine Basilica of Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre was built in 1926 is situated in village El Cobre, near Santiago de Cuba. The feast day of Our Lady of Charity is September 8; the solemn Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary.[1]

Various similar Marian images predating the Cuban image bear a similar title with their respective canonical coronation are found in the Spanish cities of Cartagena, Villarrobledo, Illescas, Loja, La Garrovilla and Toledo, Spain along with its replicated copies in Basilica Minore of Our Lady of Charity in Agoo, and Ilocos Sur, Philippines.

History[edit]

A devotional rendering image of Our Lady of Charity, featuring the "two indians" and an african passenger on its legendary ship.

The story behind the La Virgen de la Caridad del Cobre, began around 1612. Two Native American or Indian brothers, Rodrigo and Juan de Hoyos, and an African slave child, Juan Moreno, set out to the Bay of Nipe for salt.[2] They are traditionally called the "three Juans". They needed the salt for the preservation the meat at the Barajagua slaughter house, which supplied the workers and inhabitants of Santiago del Prado, now known as El Cobre. While out in the bay, a storm arose, rocking their tiny boat violently with ongoing waves. Juan, the slave, was wearing a medal with the image of the Virgin Mary. The three men began to pray for her protection. Suddenly, the skies cleared, and the storm was gone. In the distance, they saw a strange object floating in the water. They rowed towards it as the waves brought it towards them. At first they mistook it for a bird, but quickly saw that it was what seemed to be a statue of a girl. At last they were able to determine that it was a statue of the Virgin Mary holding the child Jesus on her left arm and holding a gold cross in her right hand. The statue was fastened to a board with an inscription saying "Yo Soy la Virgen de la Caridad" or "I am the Virgin of Charity." Much to their surprise, the statue remained completely dry while afloat in the water.

Preserved in the General Archive of the Indies of Seville, a testimony of Juan Moreno, says the following:

"Having camped in the French Key, which is in the middle of the Bay of Nipe, waiting for a good time to leave for the Wabba mines, being a morning of calm seas, they left the French Keys, before daybreak. The aforementioned Juan y Rodrigo de Hoyos and myself, embarked in a canoe, headed for the Wabba mines, and far from the French Key we saw something white above the foam of the water, which we couldn’t distinguish. As we got closer, birds and dry branches appeared. The aforementioned Indians said, 'It looks like a girl.' While they were discussing, they saw an image of Our Lady, the Holy Virgin, on top of a small wooden plank, holding the baby Jesus in her arms. On this small tablet, was written in large letters, which read , 'I am the Virgin of Charity.' Looking at her clothes, they realized that they were not wet."

Overjoyed by what they had discovered, they hurried back to Barajagua. They showed the statue to a government official, Don Francisco Sánchez de Moya, who then ordered a small chapel to be built in her honor. One night, Rodrigo went to visit they statue, but discovered that the image was gone. He organized a search party, but had no success in finding Our Lady of Charity. Then, the next morning, she was back on the altar, as if nothing had happened. This was inconceivable as the chapel had been locked. This event happened three times. The people of Barajagua came to the conclusion that she wanted to be in a different spot, so they took her to El Cobre. She was received with much joy in El Cobre, and the church there had its bells ring on her arrival. It was at this point that she became known as "Nuestra Señora de la Caridad del Cobre" or "Our Lady of Charity of El Cobre". Much to the dismay of people in El Cobre, the disappearance of the statue continued to happen.

One day, a young girl named Jabba was playing outside, pursuing butterflies and picking flowers. She went towards the mountains of the Sierra Maestra, where she came across the statue on top of a small hill. There were those who did and those who did not believe the little girl's testimony, but in the end, the Virgin was taken to the spot of her discovery, where a church was erected for her.

Before the famous image on 19 May 1801, a royal edict from king Charles IV of Spain decreed that black slaves were to be freed from the copper mines of El Cobre. The story circulated around the island quickly. Many felt that the Virgin purposely chose to have her sanctuary in El Cobre because it is located in Oriente Province. Later folk legends associated the taking of copper materials to their homes after having it blessed near the Virgin's sanctified image as a form of souvenir and miraculous healing.

Description[edit]

The Cuban statue venerated measures about 16 inches tall; the head is made of baked clay covered with a polished coat of fine white power. Her feet rest on a brilliant moon, while angels spread their golden wings on a silver cloud. The child Jesus raises his right hand as in a blessing, and in his left hand he holds a golden globe. A popular image of Our Lady of Charity includes a banner above her head with the Latin phrase “Mater Caritatis Fluctibus Maris Ambulavit” (Mother of Charity who walked on the road of stormy seas).[3] Among Cuban religious devotees, the image is given the reverential title of La Cachita.

Veneration[edit]

Cuban revolutionary leader Carlos Manuel de Céspedes presented the Cuban banner to the image along with his soldiers who wore a similar medal while Cuban general Calixto Garcia bowed at the image during a Holy Mass in honor of Mambises resistance. On 24 September 1915 the Cuban revolutionaries wrote a letter petitioning the Pope Benedict XV to honor her as Patroness of their country.

A chapel of Our Lady of Charity exists within the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C.[3]

Our Lady of Charity venerated in other countries[edit]

United States[edit]

Our Lady of Charity, Official Patroness of La Garrovilla, Spain. Circa 1494.
Our Lady of Charity, Patroness of Villarrobledo. Circa 1777.

On September 8, 1961, the Archdiocese of Miami celebrated the feast of Our Lady of Charity with 30,000 Cuban exiles at Miami Stadium. On the same day, a 16-inch replica of the statue of Our Lady of Charity was smuggled out of Cuba and arrived at the stadium.

Five years later, during the 1966 feast, the Archdiocese announced the construction of the Shrine of Our Lady of Charity. Construction was begun on the shrine, known as La Ermita de la Caridad, the following year on the shores of Biscayne Bay in the Coconut Grove section of Miami. The shrine was completed in 1973, built almost entirely with dollar bills, pennies, and other coins donated by new Cuban arrivals.[6]

Philippines[edit]

Our Lady of Charity, Patroness of Cartagena, Spain. Circa 1723, granted a canonical coronation in 17 April 1923 by Pope Pius XI.
Our Lady of Charity. Minor Basilica of Agoo, Philippines, granted a canonical coronation by Pope Paul VI through the Papal nuncio Carmine Rocco on 1 May 1971.

In the Philippines, Our Lady of Charity is known by its Spanish predecessor, the original Our Lady of Lacara (circa 1494), later known as Apo Caridad in Ilocano language. The Marian title is not associated with the Cuban image, but rather the older Marian image venerated in Cartagena and Toledo, Spain. Today, these images are enshrined at the Basilica of Our Lady of Charity in Agoo, La Union is the Apo Caridad ng Agoo. Apo Caridad ng Bantay is enshrined at the Church in Bantay, Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon.

Churches[edit]

United States[edit]

  • Our Lady of Charity, Cicero, Illinois
  • La Ermita de la Caridad, Miami, Florida
  • Our Lady of Charity, Buffalo, New York

Spain[edit]

Marian images enshrined in

  • Cartagena
  • Villarrobledo
  • Illescas
  • Loja and The Garrovilla
  • Toledo

Philippines[edit]

  • Our Lady of Charity Parish Church in Quezon City, Metro Manila
  • National Shrine of the Our Lady of Charity - Agoo, La Union
  • National Shrine of the Our Lady of Charity - Bantay, Ilocos Sur

References[edit]

  1. ^ Our Lady of Charity: Nuestra Señora del la Caridad del Cobre
  2. ^ Rozett, Ella. "Historian". Nuestra Señora de la Caridad del Cobre (Our Lady of Charity of Cobre). Interfaith Mary Page. Retrieved 9/8/2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Our Lady of Charity", Knights of Columbus, September 1, 2007
  4. ^ Our Lady of the Exile : Diasporic Religion at a Cuban Catholic Shrine pp. 22-24 - Thomas A. Tweed Associate Professor of Religious Studies University of North Carolina
  5. ^ Paulus Sextus, Papam. Quanto Christifideles ipsi maiore adsiduitate ac pietate tum fidei Catholicae mysteria tum divini cultus loca frequentant, tanto quidem libentius vicissim ac studiosius Ecclesia Mater illos curat solidis omnino consiliis sustentare clarisque signis corroborare in eadem probabili religionis cotidianae exercitatione. Inde nimirum diuturnus Apostolicae Sedis fert usus ut sacrae aedes per orbem terrarum iam egregia artis forma sive potius continua fidelium observantia laudatae praeterea ostententur honorificis ipsis insignibus atque exornen tur congruis liturgicae dignitatis titulis. Cum igitur templum in finibus archidioecesis Sancti Iacobi in Cuba vulgo notum ut « Nuestra Señora de la Caridad - El Cobre » plus trecentos annos singulari pietatis fervore celebratum esset ab universo populo Cubano propter effigiem Virginis Mariae isto cum nomine inibi expositam multitudinum venerationi cumque salus ipsa nationis illius ac prosperitas recentius commendata esset eidem Christi Matri velut caelesti progressuum fautrici, idcirco visus est Venerabilis Prater Petrus Meurice Estiu rem nuper et consentaneam et frugiferam prorsus facerem cum flagitaret ut aedes illa sollemniter ad statum decoremque attolleretur Basilicae Minoris. Nos proinde, perscrutati convenientiam planam talis honoris et contemplati iam beneficia spiritalia inde totum in gregem defluxura abunde, secundum iudicium Sacrae Congregationis pro Sacramentis et Cultu Divino ac de potestatis apostolicae Nostrae plenitudine, harum Litterarum vi statuimus ut templum quod memoravimus Deo dicatum in honorem Beatae Virginis Mariae « Nuestra Señora de la Caridad - El Cobre » vulgo nuncupatae ad titulum et dignitatem Basilicae Minoris evehatur, cunctis simul concessis iuribus ac privilegiis quae aedibus hoc nomine auctis rite conveniunt. Volumus insuper ut ea singula accurate serventur quae ad Decretum « De titulon Basilicae Minoris » die vi mensis Iunii anno MCMLXVIII foras datum teneri oportet. Contrariis quibuslibet haudquaquam obstantibus. Datum Romae apud S. Petrum sub anulo Piscatoris die XXII mensis Decembris anno MCMLXXVII Pontificatus Nostri quinto decimo. - http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/paul_vi/apost_letters/documents/hf_p-vi_apl_19771222_quanto-christifideles_lt.html
  6. ^ Alvarez, Lizette (Sep 9, 2012). "400 Years Later, Still Revered in Cuba (and Miami)". New York Times. p. A15. Retrieved 2012-09-10. 

External links[edit]