Our Lady of La Naval de Manila

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Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de Manila
Location Quezon City, Philippines
Date 1593 - 1596
Type Ivory, wood statue
Holy See approval 5 October 1907 by Pope Pius X
Shrine National Shrine of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary, Santo Domingo Church, Quezon Avenue, Quezon City, Philippines
Patronage Philippine Navy, Quezon City

Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de Manila (Spanish: Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario de La Naval de Manila; Tagalog: Mahal na Ina ng Santo Rosaryo ng La Naval de Manila; colloquially known as Santo Rosario or Our Lady of La Naval de Manila), is both a title and an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in the Philippines. As with the Battle of Lepanto of 1571, Filipinos credit her intercession for successfully repulsing Dutch invasion during the Battles of La Naval de Manila.

The image of Our Lady of La Naval, whose feast is celebrated every second Sunday of October, is a 16th-century ivory and wood statue enshrined at the Santo Domingo Church (formally, the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary) in Quezon City. The image, its regalia, and the Santo Domingo Church Complex have been designated National Cultural Treasure of the Philippines PH-16-0009-NCT by the government in 2009 as amongst the country's Cultural Properties.

Description[edit]

The statue enthroned

Measuring some 1.52 metres, the body is made of hardwood while the face and hands, as well as the entire Child Jesus in its arms, are made of genuine ivory. Since its creation, the statue -- considered the oldest dated ivory carving in the Philippines -- has always been decorated with elaborate garments and a crown.[1]

The statue has merited several papal honours: Pope Pius X who granted it a canonical crown in 1907, Pope Paul VI who proclaimed her Patroness of Quezon City and Pope John Paul II who proclaimed her Patroness of the Philippine Navy. Pope Pius XII also sent her an Apostolic Letter on the occasion of the Tricentenary of La Naval de Manila while Pope Leo XIII issued an exhortation for people to come in pilgrimage to Santo Domingo Church and to pay respects to the Virgin which was then in Intramuros.

For the canonical coronation of the image, some 310,000 individuals lead by the professors of the University of Santo Tomas, donated their heirloom jewels, precious gems, gold and silver to the for the Canonical Coronation of October 1907. These form part of the image's large collection of elaborate jewels some of which date to the 1700s.[2]

History[edit]

Procession before the enthronement of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval

In 1593, the new Spanish Governor-General Don Luis Pérez Dasmariñas, commissioned a statue of Our Lady of the Rosary for public veneration in memory of his recently deceased father. Under the direction of Captain Hernando de los Rios Coronel, the sculpture was made by an anonymous Chinese immigrant, who later converted to Christianity; this is the commonly cited reason for the statue's Asian features. The statue was later given to the Dominican friars, who installed it at the Santo Domingo Church.

In 1646, naval forces of the Dutch Republic made several repeated attempts to conquer the Philippines in a bid to control trade in Asia. The combined Spanish and Filipino forces who fought were said to have requested the intercession of the Virgin through the statue prior to battle. They were urged to place themselves under the protection of Our Lady of the Rosary and to pray the rosary repeatedly. They went on to rebuff the continued attacks by the superior Dutch fleet, engaging in five major battles at sea and losing only fifteen members of the Spanish Navy. After the Dutch retreat, in fulfillment of their vow, the survivors walked barefoot to the shrine in gratitude to the Virgin.

Later, on 9 April 1662, the cathedral chapter of the Archdiocese of Manila declared the naval victory a miraculous event owed to the intercession of the Virgin Mary, declaring:

Pope Pius X authorized granting the statue a canonical crown in 1906, which was bestowed by the Apostolic Delegate to the Philippines, The Most Rev. Ambrose Agius, O.S.B.. During the Japanese bombardment in 1942, fearing that the statue would be destroyed, church authorities hid the statue at the University of Santo Tomas until 1946, the 300th anniversary of the battles.

The statue was transferred in October 1954 to a new shrine built to house it inside the new Santo Domingo Church in Quezon City–the sixth Santo Domingo Church since its erection in the late sixteenth century. For this journey, devotees constructed a boat-shaped carriage (Spanish: Carroza Triunfal) to carry the image to its new home, which was declared her National Shrine by the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines.[4] In October 1973, La Naval was formally declared the patroness of Quezon City, at that time the national capital.

During the People Power Revolution of February 1986, a replica of the statue was brought in procession to the Malacañan Palace by the Dominican friars, in a peaceful protest of the state of martial law instituted by President Ferdinand Marcos. The replica was also brought to the eastern gate of Camp Crame, the police headquarters where the rebel forces headed by Juan Ponce Enrile and Fidel V. Ramos were confined during the uprising. Many Filipino Catholics attribute the revolution's peaceful victory to the miraculous intervention of the Blessed Virgin Mary.[5]

Filipino historian Nick Joaquín attributed one of the red jewels in one of the statue's crowns to an old legend of a giant serpent found in the Pasig River; the local folktale is more likely a metaphor of the triumph of Christianity over paganism.[citation needed] The other crown was supposedly inscribed and donated by King Norodom of Cambodia in 1872, one having disappeared after a burglary in 1930 while another one was simply two pearls adorning the orbs of the statue.

Notable events[edit]

A replica of the image at the 76th Anniversary of the Court of Appeals of the Philippines in 2012.

The funeral service of former senator Benigno Aquino Jr. was held in the image's shrine after his assassination in August 1983. Other notable funerals held in the shrine include renowned Filipino actor Fernando Poe Jr. in 2004 and Doña María Ejercito, the mother of former President Joseph Estrada in 2009.

Journalist and television personality Korina Sanchez married government secretary Manuel A. Roxas II in a televised Spanish-style wedding in front of the image on 27 October 2009.

In December 2011, the Eternal Word Television Network featured the image as the "Grandest Marian Icon in the Philippines" on an episode of the programme "Mary: Mother of the Philippines".

The image, its church and convent, along with the other objects stored in the complex were declared a "National Cultural Treasure" by the National Museum of the Philippines on 4 October 2012. This declaration is in accordance with Republic Act 10066 ("National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009") announced officially by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines and by the National Museum.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The National Shrine of Our Lady of the Rosary, La Naval de Manila
  2. ^ La Naval de Manila Online: The Story of La Naval
  3. ^ Shrine
  4. ^ Shrine
  5. ^ La Naval Online
  6. ^ CBCP: Sto Domingo church to be named 'national treasure' Oct 4, GMA News.
  7. ^ Sto. Domingo Church to be declared national treasure, CBCP News.
  8. ^ In photograph: Joy Belmonte (Quezon City Vice Mayor), Rep. Vicente Crisologo, Jeremy Barns, CESO III, Director IV [1], National Museum of the Philippines, Senator Edgardo Javier Angara, Rev. Fr. Giuseppe Pietro V. Arsciwals, O.P., Rector [2], and Fr. Gerard Francisco Timoner, Prior Provincial of the Dominican Province of the Philippines.
  9. ^ [3] (10th)
  10. ^ CBCP: Sto Domingo church to be named 'national treasure' Oct 4, GMA News.
  11. ^ Sto. Domingo Church to be declared national treasure, CBCP News.

External links[edit]