Our Russian Front
|Our Russian Front|
|Directed by||Joris Ivens
|Produced by||Joris Ivens
|Written by||Elliot Paul|
|Narrated by||Walter Huston|
|Edited by||Marcel Craven
|Distributed by||Artkino Pictures|
|Running time||45 minutes|
In production before America entered World War II, the film was completed several weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, having gone through frantic last minute updates to ensure it meeting its February 1942 release date. Joris Ivens anticipated that editing might take a week, but stated that Hollywood [sic] "fiddled with it for two months and unrecognizably altered the original version." Walter Huston narrates a World War II documentary intended to bolster United States support for the USSR's war efforts. Created using front line footage taken by Russian battlefield cameramen, and archive footage of Averell Harriman, Joseph Stalin, and Semyon Timoshenko, the film was edited in the US. Upon release, the film screened for more than 20 hours a day and broke all previous box office records at the Rialto Theater in Times Square.
The New York Times reports that "the greatest battle in history" was assembled by Lewis Milestone and Joris Ivens into a "tersely contemporary document". They note that it did not rank favorably when compared to "great documentaries" because its commentary was uninspired, and it attempted to crowd too much within a timeframe of 40 minutes, resulting in it being only "a synoptic account of the Russian war effort". They granted that as a record of the Russian people's struggle, "it is a heartening account," and communicated the "urgency of this urgent moment." The reviewer noted that the film was a picture of total war, from the bayonets and shells of the front lines, to the efforts of the peasants and laborers and scientists struggling to support the war effort, sharing that in such circumstances, there are "no 'noncombatants' in this war."
In Russians in Hollywood, Hollywood's Russians: biography of an image, author Harlow Robinson writes that of the several pro-Soviet documentaries made in Hollywood, the most important were Our Russian Front, directed in 1942 by Lewis Milestone for Artkino Pictures and the Russia Relief Organization, and The Battle of Russia, directed in 1943 by Anatole Litvak and Frank Capra as part of the Why We Fight series.
- T.S. (February 12, 1942). "review: Our Russian Front (1941)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Joseph R. Millichap (1981). Lewis Milestone. Twayne's filmmakers series. Twayne Publishers. pp. 108, 109, 115. ISBN 0-8057-9281-3.
- Michael J. Strada, Harold R. Troper (1997). Friend or foe?: Russians in American film and foreign policy, 1933-1991. Scarecrow Press. p. 46. ISBN 0-8108-3245-3.
- Eugene P. Walz (1986). Flashback: people and institutions in Canadian film history. Volume 2 of Canadian film studies. Mediatexte Publications. pp. 38, 40, 52. ISBN 0-9691771-1-9.
- Hans Schoots (2000). Living dangerously: a biography of Joris Ivens. Amsterdam University Press. p. 168. ISBN 90-5356-433-0.
- Robert Mann (2002). Complete idiot's guide to the Cold War. Russian Films: Penguin. p. 148. ISBN 0-02-864246-5.
- Harlow Robinson (2007). Russians in Hollywood, Hollywood's Russians: biography of an image. UPNE. pp. 116, 117, 118. ISBN 1-55553-686-7.