Ouse Valley Railway
|Ouse Valley Railway|
The Ouse Valley Railway was to have been part of the London, Brighton & South Coast Railway (LBSCR). It was authorised by an Act of Parliament and construction of the 20 miles (32 km) long line was begun, but not completed. It never opened to traffic.
In the 1860s, the South Eastern Railway and the London, Chatham and Dover Railway were proposing to build railways to Brighton and Eastbourne. To counter this threat, the LBSCR proposed to build a 20 miles (32 km) long railway linking Haywards Heath, Uckfield, and Hailsham. It accepted that the line would not be profitable but it wanted to keep other companies out of its territory. Authorisation was given to extend the line to St Leonards. One tactic to be employed by the LBSCR was to build the line as slowly as possible, delaying its opening to force other companies to look elsewhere to build their lines.
An Act of Parliament was needed to construct the line. This was sought in 1863 and granted - 26&27 Vict c.xxxv s.13, L.B. & S.C.R.(Ouse Valley Line) 1864. In 1864, authorisation was received to extend the line to St Leonards.
The line was to leave the Brighton Main Line just south of Balcombe Viaduct and pass through Lindfield. From there it would follow the Ouse Valley to Sheffield Park and then pass north of Newick to Shortbridge and connect with the railway south of Uckfield, which was then the terminus of the line from Lewes.
The line would then pass through Framfield, East Hoathly, Chiddingly and Lower Horsebridge before joining the railway at Hailsham, which was then the terminus of the line from Polegate. The line would have then continued across country to Bexhill on Sea and St Leonards.
Construction and abandonment
Construction of the line between Haywards Heath and Uckfield began in May 1866, the month in which Overend & Gurney's Bank collapsed, major financiers of railway construction projects at the time. Work stopped in February 1867 and was not resumed.
There is still much to be seen of the line between Haywards Heath and Uckfield. Skew Bridge across the B2036 between Haywards Heath and Balcombe (TQ 325 273) has extended abutments where the railway would have passed over the road. Each side of the road at Borde Hill (TQ 325 273) embankments survive, visible from Copyhold Lane. A cutting leads to what would have been a tunnel at Kenwards Farm (TQ 325 273). In Lindfield an embankment at TQ 348 264 survives. Lindfield station would have been at TQ 351 261 with recently found remains of a brick-making kiln in what would have been the station yard. Near Shortbridge there are the beginnings of cuttings either side of Buckham Hill where there would have been a short tunnel and south of Uckfield, an embankment and the only completed bridge (TQ 456 205). Although reported as destroyed during the construction of the Uckfield Bypass in the 1990s, the bridge is still in position although in decrepit state, visited but not photographed September 2009. In April 2009, about a mile south-west of Uckfield there were two sections of embankments and cuttings, at (TQ 456 205 - TQ 452 207) and (TQ 451 208 - TQ 447 209). The remains of one bridge abutment were visible adjacent to a footpath at TQ 456 205.
- Only Lindfield confirmed by Oppitz. Other stations between Lindfield and Hailsham mentioned as possibilities by Oppitz. Stations between Hailsham and St Leonards indicate localities the line would have passed through.
- Oppitz, Leslie (1987). Sussex Railways Remembered. Newbury: Countryside Books. pp. p87–94. ISBN 0-905392-99-X.
- "Ouse Valley". Sussex Industrial Archaeological Society. Retrieved 24 September 2009.
- "A PICTORIAL GUIDE TO THIS MYSTERIOUS RAIL LINE". Horsted Keynes. Retrieved 24 September 2009.
- "Acts of the Parliaments of the United Kingdom Part 53 (1863)". Office of Public Sector Information. Retrieved 24 September 2009.
- A comprehensive illustrated guide to what is left to be seen on the ground.
- A video of the Ouse Valley Railway remains
- Sekon, G A. "Abandoned Lines of the L.B.S.C.R". The Railway Magazine (November 1946): p346.
- Sekon, G A. "Abandoned Lines of the L.B.S.C.R". The Railway Magazine (December 1946): p365.
- Robbins, Michael. "The Ouse Valley Railway". The Railway Magazine (September 1951): p629.