Outer Island Light

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Outer Island Light
Outr1974.jpg
Outer Island Light is located in Wisconsin
Outer Island Light
Location Wisconsin
Coordinates 47°04′35.5″N 90°25′00.11″W / 47.076528°N 90.4166972°W / 47.076528; -90.4166972Coordinates: 47°04′35.5″N 90°25′00.11″W / 47.076528°N 90.4166972°W / 47.076528; -90.4166972[1]
Year first lit 1874
Automated 1961
Foundation Stone
Construction Brick with Italianate bracketing
Tower shape Frustum of a cone with attached brownstone keeper's house
Markings / pattern White with black trim and lantern
Height 86 feet (26 m)
Focal height 130 feet (40 m)
Original lens Third-order Fresnel lens
Current lens solar powered Vega VRB-25[2]
Range 12 nautical miles (22 km; 14 mi)[1]
Characteristic White, flashing, 10 sec[1]
ARLHS number USA-572
USCG number 7-15255

[3][4]

The Outer Island lighthouse is a lighthouse located on the northern tip of Outer Island, one of the Apostle Islands, in Lake Superior in Ashland County, Wisconsin, near the city of Bayfield.

The light was designed by United States Lighthouse Board Eleventh District Chief Engineer Orlando Poe and constructed under the supervision of his successor, Godfrey Weitzel.[5]

Currently owned by the National Park Service and part of the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, part of reference number 77000145. It is listed in the Library of Congress Historic American Buildings Survey, WI-318. The lighthouse is attached to a two-story, red brick keeper's quarters.

Access[edit]

Most of the Apostle Islands light stations may be reached on the Apostle Islands Cruise Service[6] water taxi or by private boat during the summer. During the Annual Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration[7] ferry tour service is available for all the lighthouses. In the tourist season, volunteer park rangers are on the many of the islands to greet visitors.[8]

Erosion control[edit]

In 2004–2005, the National Park Service undertook a significant erosion control project at Outer Island, to stabilize the bluff which had proved susceptible to erosion since the station's earliest days. The project followed a similar effort completed the previous year at the Raspberry Island Lighthouse, and consisted of a three-part strategy: armoring the cliff base with a massive stone wall; improving drainage on the upper grounds to prevent runoff from undercutting the clay bank; and stabilizing the bluff face with "bio-engineering," i.e. planting carefully selected vegetation to anchor the slope. The rock wall at the bottom and drainage system at the top were completed, but a shortage of funds required scaling back the bio-engineering plans, and only the most critical sections of the bluff face were treated.[9]

Notable incidents[edit]

On September 2, 1905, Outer Island Keeper John Irvine performed a heroic rescue, when the 337-foot, three-masted schooner-barge Pretoria lost the line to its towing steamer Venezuela during a fierce storm. The Pretoria attempted to anchor about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) off the island, but when the ship began to break up, the ten-man crew attempted to flee in a lifeboat. Sixty-one-year-old keeper Irvine was alone on the island, his assistants having gone to town, but when the lifeboat flipped in the surf, he waded into the waves and rescued five of the ten men. On that same night, the steamer Sevona also sank in the Apostle Islands, striking a reef near the Sand Island Lighthouse, with the loss of seven men. This double tragedy preceded the better-known Mataafa Storm by several weeks.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 
  2. ^ Wobser, David, Outer Island Light, boatnerd.com
  3. ^ Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 151. 
  4. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Wisconsin". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  5. ^ Jane C. Busch, People and Places: A Human History of the Apostle Islands, U.S. National Park Service, 2008; David Snyder, A Compendium Of Written Communication Of The Light House Board For The Twelve Light Stations Of The Midwest Region, National Park Service, 1839-1881, U.S. National Park Service, 1992.
  6. ^ Apostle Islands Cruise Service.
  7. ^ Apostle Island Lighthouse Celebration.
  8. ^ Wobser, David, La Pointe Light, boatnerd.com Originally in Great Laker Magazine.
  9. ^ U.S. National Park Service, Annual Reports, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore, on file at AINL headquarters, Bayfield, Wisconsin
  10. ^ David C. Cooper, By Fire storm and Ice: Underwater Archeological Investigations in the Apostle Islands. Wisconsin State Historical Society, 1991; James M. Keller, The Unholy Apostles: Shipwreck Tales of the Apostle Islands, Sheridan Books, 1984; Busch, op cit.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

USCG archive photo