Outer London

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Outer London
Statutory definition
Statutory definition
Statistical definition
Statistical definition
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region London
Administrative area Greater London
Area
 • Total 484 sq mi (1,253 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,942,040
 • Density 10,000/sq mi (3,900/km2)
NUTS UKI2

Outer London is the name for the group of London Boroughs that form a ring around Inner London.

These were areas that were not part of the County of London and became formally part of Greater London in 1965. An exception is North Woolwich, which was in the County of London but was transferred to Newham in 1965.

London Government Act 1963[edit]

The outer London boroughs were defined by the London Government Act 1963.[1] The main difference between Inner and Outer London boroughs between 1965 and 1990 was that the outer boroughs were local education authorities. The statutory Outer London boroughs are:

ONS definition (statistics)[edit]

The Office for National Statistics and the Census define Outer London differently, excluding Haringey and Newham (which are defined as Inner London), and including Greenwich.[2] This is reflected in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) classification. Under this classification, Outer London consists of Barking and Dagenham, Barnet, Bexley, Brent, Bromley, Croydon, Ealing, Enfield, Greenwich, Harrow, Havering, Hillingdon, Hounslow, Kingston upon Thames, Merton, Redbridge, Richmond upon Thames, Sutton, and Waltham Forest.

Historical population
Year Population
1891
1,083,770
1901
1,647,396
1911
2,162,288
1921
2,413,978
1931
3,217,219
1939
4,250,788
1951
4,517,588
1961
4,499,737
1971
4,420,585
1981
4,254,900
1991
4,230,000
2001
4,463,100
2011
4,942,040

Figures here are for the Office for National Statistics defined Outer London (in its 2001 limits), whose land area is 1,254 km2 (484 sq. miles). Figures before 1971 have been reconstructed by the Office for National Statistics based on past censuses in order to fit the 2001 limits. Figures from 1981 onward are midyear estimates, with those for 2002 to 2009 having been revised during 2010.[3] These mid-year estimates are more accurate than the censuses themselves, which are known to underestimate the population of London.

Outer London continued to grow as population moved from Inner London, reaching a peak in 1951 at 4,517,588. The population of Greater London as a whole then started to decline, and the Outer London population fell to 4,230,000 in 1991, before starting to increase again, passing the 1951 peak with a population of 4,942,040 in 2011.

Strategic planning[edit]

For the purposes of the London Plan planning document produced by the Mayor of London, Outer London consists of the statutory Outer London boroughs, with the exception of Newham.[4]

Other definitions[edit]

From 1990 to 2000 London used two telephone area codes with separate codes for 'Inner London' and 'Outer London' (originally 071 and 081 respectively, becoming 0171 and 0181 in 1995). The area covered by the 'Outer London' code was widely different from all of the above definitions. In 2000, London returned to using a single 020 area code and all official distinctions between 'inner' and 'outer' London numbers ceased at this time.[5][6]

References[edit]