First edition cover
|Series||Outlander series (Book 1)|
|Published||1991 (Delacorte Books)|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover)|
|Followed by||Dragonfly in Amber|
Outlander (published in the United Kingdom as Cross Stitch) is the first in a series of eight historical multi-genre novels by Diana Gabaldon. Published in 1991, it focuses on 20th century nurse Claire Randall, who time travels to 18th century Scotland and finds adventure and romance with the dashing James Fraser. A mix of several genres, the Outlander series features elements of historical fiction, romance, adventure and science fiction/fantasy. Outlander won the Romance Writers of America's RITA Award for Best Romance of 1991. In June 2013, Starz ordered 16 episodes of a television adaptation to be developed by Ronald D. Moore.
||This section's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (March 2014)|
After being separated by their work in World War II, British Army nurse Claire Randall, and her husband Frank, an Oxford history professor who briefly worked for MI6, go on a second honeymoon to Inverness, Scotland. The couple have a loving sexual relationship, but some issues with the inability to conceive a child. On the trip, Frank also intends to research his family history, in particular an ancestor named "Black Jack" Randall, a captain in the British Army during the first half of the 18th century. While Frank pores over documents, Claire goes plant-gathering near standing stones on the hill of Craigh na Dun. After hearing rumors of a pagan ritual to be held there, Claire and Frank later hike to the stones and witness the ritual while concealed behind bushes.
Claire returns the next day, intending to collect a plant specimen, but faints when investigating a buzzing noise near the stones. Waking to the sound of battle in the distance, she assumes the noise is a re-enactment or a working movie set. She runs into a man claiming to be Frank's ancestor Captain Jack Randall, and notes his strong resemblance to Frank. Before Randall can take her into his custody, he is knocked unconscious by a Scotsman who takes Claire to rejoin his party, a group of Scotsmen who are apparently fugitives from the red-coats. Claire is puzzled by their reactions to her dress, which everyone seems to think is an undergarment. The Scots attempt to force the dislocated arm of a wounded young man, Jamie MacTavish, back into place. Claire uses her 20th century nursing knowledge to relocate Jamie's arm. Trusting her more, the men reveal themselves to be members of the Clan MacKenzie, though they won't release her for fear that she is an English spy. The group rides away from the battlefield, taking Claire with them. She shares a horse with Jamie; they talk, and Claire eventually concludes that she may have traveled to the past.
The party of Scots returns to their home, Castle Leoch, seat of the Clan MacKenzie. Claire is questioned by the laird, Colum mac Campbell MacKenzie, and claims she had been sailing to France and lost her possessions in an attack. Wary of her intentions, Colum treats her as a guest but forbids her from leaving the castle. Claire searches for a way to return to the Craigh na Dun, believing that if she returns to the standing stones she can go back to her own time. The Scots see Claire as a "Sassenach", an Outlander, an outsider ignorant of Scottish Highland culture and one of the generally hated English as well. She begins to earn their respect with her work as a healer, though some think her a witch. Wanting to learn the truth of Claire's background, Colum's brother Dougal MacKenzie takes her and Jamie on the yearly rent collection through the MacKenzie lands. Claire and Jamie develop a friendship, and she realizes that Dougal is a Jacobite. Dougal is also using Jamie, who had been whipped by the English and bears scars, as a visual argument against English oppression. Along with regular taxes, Dougal collects donations towards the Jacobite cause. This is all overseen by Ned Gowan, a lawyer from Edinburgh who has sworn fealty to Clan MacKenzie. Captain Randall orders the MacKenzies to bring Claire to him for questioning; as the man who nearly whipped Jamie to death, Randall has a reputation for brutal interrogation. Dubious of her story, Randall attempts to beat the truth from her, but Dougal refuses to allow him to detain her further.
Ned notes that the only way to make Claire safe from Randall's power is to make her a legal Scotswoman by marriage. Dougal tells her to wed Jamie. After much argument, she agrees. To her surprise, Jamie makes an effort to make her wedding day as pleasant as possible. Claire is touched by his kindness, and the two marry. Later that night, they consummate their marriage, a process Claire finds more enjoyable than she had expected. Torn between her attachment to Jamie and the thought of Frank, Claire escapes and attempts to make her way back to Craigh na Dun. Nearly drowning in a stream, she is rescued by an English patrol, only to be brought to the fort where Captain Randall is stationed. Claire is saved from rape at the hands of Randall by Jamie, who sneaks into the fortress to save her. The two return to the Scotsmen where, to rebuild her reputation among the clansmen, Jamie is forced to strap Claire. Returning to Castle Leoch, Jamie and Claire fall into a normal existence as a married couple, though she is tormented by thoughts of Frank. Unable to escape, Claire takes on the role of castle healer and befriends Geilis Duncan, the wife of a local official, who shares her love of medicine. Eventually Claire and Geilis are charged with witchcraft while Jamie is away. He returns just in time to save Claire from death. Just before their escape, Claire realizes that Geilis is also from the future when she sees the scar of a smallpox vaccine, yet undeveloped in the 18th century, on Geilis' arm.
Jamie and Claire flee from Castle Leoch, and Claire relates her time-traveling predicament; despite his shock, Jamie believes her and insists that they return to Craigh na Dun. She is torn when Jamie allows her to decide between staying in the past with him or returning to Frank in the future. Claire chooses Jamie, deciding that she loves him more. He takes her to his home, Lallybroch, where they eventually share a happy peace with Jamie's sister Janet and her husband Ian. Though Jamie is still a fugitive from the British army, he reclaims his role as Laird of Lallybroch. But he is betrayed by one of his people and is taken to Wentworth Prison, where Captain Randall is stationed. Claire and the clansmen attempt a break-out, but their plot fails. She is captured by Randall, who beats and nearly rapes her. Jamie, knowing of Randall's sadistic desire for him, offers himself in Claire's place. Randall agrees and ejects Claire into the freezing woods outside the castle.
Claire wanders through the forest looking for help. She finds it in Sir Marcus MacRannoch, a former suitor of Jamie's mother. MacRannoch finds Jamie's companions, and they devise a plan to rescue Jamie. While MacRannoch's men attack the castle to distract the main guard, the clansmen drive a herd of agitated cattle through the underground halls of the castle, trampling Randall. They rescue Jamie, who has been brutally assaulted physically and sexually, and bring him back to MacRannoch's. Claire and Jamie escape to Saint Anne de Beaupre's monastery in France, where Jamie's uncle serves as Abbot. As she and Jamie emerge from the healing waters of a sacred hot spring under the Abbey, Claire reveals that she is pregnant with their first child.
- Claire Elizabeth Beauchamp Randall Fraser
- A warm, practical and independent World War II nurse who inadvertently travels back in time to the Scottish Highlands in the mid-18th century. Though married to Frank Randall in the 20th century, she falls for Jamie Fraser in the 18th century. A gifted natural physician and an amateur botanist, Claire is an only child and orphan, raised by her archaeologist uncle.
- James Alexander Malcolm MacKenzie Fraser
- (aka Jamie MacTavish) A strapping young Scottish redhead with a complicated past and disarming sense of humor. Jamie is intelligent, principled, and, by 18th century standards, educated and worldly. He picks up languages very well, and after initial conflict he falls in love with the mysterious Claire. Though he does not always know what she is doing, Jamie usually trusts Claire to know what to do.
- Frank Randall
- Claire's husband in the 20th century is a history professor with a deep interest in his genealogy and heritage. He worked for MI-6 during World War II as an spy.
- Jonathan Randall
- (aka "Black Jack" Randall) The primary villain of the story is Frank Randall's ancestor, a British army officer. According to Jamie, the “Black” refers to the color of his soul. He looks almost exactly like his descendant Frank, and hates Jamie intensely.
- Colum MacKenzie
- The Laird of the MacKenzie clan and Jamie's maternal uncle, who shelters Jamie and Claire from the English. He suffers from Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome.
- Dougal MacKenzie
- Colum's younger Jacobite brother leads the clan into battle since his older brother is physically disabled. He is the biological father of Colum's son, Hamish, and takes Jamie as a foster son for a year as a teen. Dougal has four daughters, and a son with Geillis Duncan.
- Geillis/Geilie Duncan
- The wife of the procurator fiscal believes that she is a witch, and has knowledge of herbs and plants. Geillis is pregnant with Dougal MacKenzie’s child when she is imprisoned for witchcraft, which wins her a brief reprieve on her death sentence. She murders her husband, Arthur Duncan, and tricks Claire several different times. Ultimately Claire realizes that Geillis is a time-traveler from the 1960s.
- Murtagh Fitzgibbons Fraser
- Jamie's godfather is taciturn, quiet and brave, and very loyal to Jamie, whom he cares for like a son. At first he does not accept Claire, but changes mind as he sees how much Jamie loves her.
- Laoghaire MacKenzie
- A young girl of 16 who is attracted to Jamie. She sends Claire to Geillis Duncan just prior to the witch trial because she "loves" Jamie and wants him back.
Outlander: The Musical
On 1 August 2010, a CD song cycle telling the story of this first book in the series was released under the title Outlander: The Musical. The 14 songs were written by Kevin Walsh (music) and Mike Gibb (lyrics) with the words for one of the tracks being provided by author Diana Gabaldon. The CD has been highly successful, especially in America, Canada and Germany, and a libretto for a full scale stage musical is currently under consideration by a number of theatres. There is a website here. The writing team of Walsh and Gibb earlier produced the work "Clarinda the Musical", while playwright Mike Gibb has produced a string of plays and musical plays on Scottish themes
Reception and awards
Publishers Weekly said of Outlander, "Absorbing and heartwarming, this first novel lavishly evokes the land and lore of Scotland, quickening both with realistic characters and a feisty, likable heroine." The novel won the Romance Writers of America's RITA Award for Best Romance of 1991.
In June 2013, Starz ordered 16 episodes of a television adaptation to be developed by Ronald D. Moore. Production began in October 2013 in Scotland, and the series is scheduled to premiere in the US on August 9, 2014. 
- Reese, Jennifer (November 27, 2007). "Book Review: Lord John and the Hand of Devils (2007)". EW.com. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "RITA Awards: Past Winners". Romance Writers of America. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (1 June 2013). "‘Outlander’ Greenlighted To Series By Starz". Deadline.com.
- Gabaldon, Diana (1991). Outlander. New York: Dell. p. 850. ISBN 0-440-21256-1.
- Clarinda the Musical
- Hame Pages
- "Fiction Book Review: Outlander by Diana Gabaldon". PublishersWeekly.com. June 3, 1991. Retrieved November 23, 2013.