Outline of Equatorial Guinea

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The location of Equatorial Guinea
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a sovereign country located on the Gulf of Guinea in Middle Africa.[1] It is one of the smallest countries in continental Africa, and comprises two regions: Río Muni, continental region including several offshore islands; and Insular Region containing Annobón island in the South Atlantic Ocean, and Bioko island (formerly Fernando Po) that contains the capital, Malabo.

Annobón is the southernmost island of Equatorial Guinea and is situated just north of the equator. Bioko island is the northernmost point of Equatorial Guinea. Between the two islands and to the east is the mainland region. Equatorial Guinea borders Cameroon on the north, Gabon on the south and east, and the Gulf of Guinea on the west, where the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe is located between Bioko and Annobón. Formerly the colony of Spanish Guinea, its post-independence name is suggestive of its location near both the Equator and the Gulf of Guinea. It is one of the territories in mainland Africa where Spanish is an official language, besides the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, and the UN-recognised but Moroccan-occupied Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara).

Equatorial Guinea is the smallest country in continental Africa in terms of population. (Seychelles and São Tomé and Príncipe are smaller in terms of area, and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic has a smaller population but is disputed.) It is also the smallest United Nations member from continental Africa. The discovery of sizeable petroleum reserves in recent years is altering the economic and political status of the country.

Despite its name, no part of Equatorial Guinea's territory lies on the equator.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Equatorial Guinea:

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Equatorial Guinea


 Gabon 350 km
 Cameroon 189 km


An enlargeable satellite image of continental Equatorial Guinea

Natural geographic features[edit]


Main article: Regions of Equatorial Guinea


Main article: Ecoregions in Equatorial Guinea

Administrative divisions[edit]

Main article: Administrative divisions of Equatorial Guinea


Main article: Demographics of Equatorial Guinea

Government and politics[edit]

Main article: Government of Equatorial Guinea and Politics of Equatorial Guinea

Branches of the government[edit]

Executive branch[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Foreign relations[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a member of:[1]

Law and order[edit]

Main article: Law of Equatorial Guinea


Main article: Military of Equatorial Guinea

Local government[edit]


Main article: History of Equatorial Guinea, Timeline of the history of Equatorial Guinea, and Current events of Equatorial Guinea


Main article: Culture of Equatorial Guinea



Main article: Sport in Equatorial Guinea

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Main article: Economy of Equatorial Guinea


Main article: Education in Equatorial Guinea

Health in Equatorial Guinea[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Equatorial Guinea


  1. ^ a b "Equatorial Guinea". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Equatorial Guinea