Outline of Iceland

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The location of Iceland
An enlargeable topographic map of the Republic of Iceland

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iceland:

Icelandsovereign island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean between continental Europe and Greenland.[1] It is considered part of Northern Europe. It is the least populous of the Nordic countries, having a population of about 319,000 (April 1, 2009 estimate). Iceland is volcanically and geologically active on a large scale; this defines the landscape in various ways. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterized by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many big glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. Warmed by the Gulf Stream, Iceland has a temperate climate relative to its latitude and provides a habitable environment and nature.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Iceland

Geography of Iceland[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Iceland
An enlargeable satellite image of Iceland
Main article: Geography of Iceland

Location of Iceland[edit]

Environment of Iceland[edit]

Jökulsárlón, a glacial lake in Iceland
Katla eruption, 1918
Herðubreið, a tuya volcano in the interior of Iceland, viewed from the southeast.
Dettifoss, in northern Iceland

Geographic features of Iceland[edit]

Regions of Iceland[edit]

Main article: Regions of Iceland
The regions of Iceland.
Nr. landsvæði (English) Population
2011-01-01
Area
(km²)
Pop./
km²
ISO 3166
1 Höfuðborgarsvæði Capital Region 202 131[2] 1 062 190.33 IS-1
2 Suðurnes (formerly Reykjanes) Southern Peninsula 21 088[2] 829 25.44 IS-2
3 Vesturland West 15 589[2] 9 554 1.63 IS-3
4 Vestfirðir Westfjords 7 137[2] 9 409 0.76 IS-4
5 Norðurland vestra Northwest 7 393[2] 12 737 0.58 IS-5
6 Norðurland eystra Northeast 29 006[2] 21 968 1.32 IS-6
7 Austurland East 12 306[2] 22 721 0.54 IS-7
8 Suðurland South 23 802[2] 24 526 0.97 IS-8
  Ísland Iceland 318 452[3] 102 928 3.1

Region codes[edit]

Administrative divisions of Iceland[edit]

Constituencies of Iceland[edit]

Iceland is divided into 6 constituencies for the purpose of selecting representatives to the Alþingi (parliament):

  • Reykjavík North (11)
  • Reykjavík South (11)
  • Northwest (9)
  • Northeast (10)
  • South (10)
  • Southwest (12)
Municipalities of Iceland[edit]
A panorama of Selfoss

Demography of Iceland[edit]

Government and politics of Iceland[edit]

Reykjavík as seen from the Hallgrímskirkja tower.

Branches of the government of Iceland[edit]

Main article: Government of Iceland


Executive branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Iceland[edit]

Foreign relations of Iceland[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Iceland is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iceland[edit]

Main article: Law of Iceland

Military of Iceland[edit]

Icelandic Coast Guard helicopter
Main article: Military of Iceland

History of Iceland[edit]

By period[edit]

By subject[edit]

Culture of Iceland[edit]

The National Day procession in Reykjavík June 17, 2007.
Main articles: Culture of Iceland and Icelanders

Art in Iceland[edit]

Language in Iceland[edit]

Religion in Iceland[edit]

Main article: Religion in Iceland

Sport in Iceland[edit]

Main article: Sport in Iceland

Economy and infrastructure of Iceland[edit]

The Ring Road of Iceland and some towns it passes through: 1.Reykjavík, 2.Borgarnes, 3.Blönduós, 4.Akureyri, 5.Egilsstaðir, 6.Höfn, 7.Selfoss
Main article: Economy of Iceland

Education in Iceland[edit]

Main article: Education in Iceland

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]