Outline of Iran

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The location of Iran
An enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran:

Iransovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East.[1] Iran is bound by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to its north. Shi'a Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language.[2] The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 square kilometres (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of over seventy million. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC.[3][4][5] Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power.[6][7] The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable map of Iran

Geography of Iran[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Iran
Main article: Geography of Iran
 Iraq 1,458 km
 Turkmenistan 992 km
 Afghanistan 936 km
 Pakistan 909 km
 Azerbaijan 611 km
 Turkey 499 km
 Armenia 35 km
  • Coastline: 2,440 km[8]

Environment of Iran[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Iran
Main article: Environment of Iran

Natural geographic features of Iran[edit]

Regions of Iran[edit]

Ecoregions of Iran[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions in Iran

Administrative divisions of Iran[edit]

Main article: Administrative divisions of Iran
Provinces of Iran[edit]
Main article: Provinces of Iran



Counties of Iran[edit]
Main article: Counties of Iran
Municipalities of Iran[edit]

Demography of Iran[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Iran

Government and politics of Iran[edit]

Main article: Government of Iran and Politics of Iran

Branches of the government of Iran[edit]

Main article: Government of Iran

Executive branch of the government of Iran[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Iran[edit]

  • Majlis of Iran (unicameral parliament)
    • drafts legislation
    • ratifies international treaties
    • approves the national budget
  • Guardian Council
    • 12 members
      • 6 appointed by the Supreme Leader
      • 6 elected by the Majlis
    • Powers and responsibilities:
      • Supervises elections
      • Approves or rejects candidates for President, Majlis, and the Assembly of Experts
      • Reviews all bills passed by the Majlis for constitutionality and compatibility with Islamic law, and approves or vetos them
  • Expediency Discernment Council
    • Appointed by Supreme Leader
    • Main purpose is to mediate disputes between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians
    • Also serves as an advisory board to the Supreme Leader

Judicial branch of the government of Iran[edit]

Foreign relations of Iran[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iran[edit]

Main article: Law of Iran

Military of Iran[edit]

Main article: Military of Iran

Local government in Iran[edit]

History of Iran[edit]

Main article: History of Iran, Timeline of the history of Iran, and Current events of Iran

Classic 4-mirrors Chahar-Ai-Ne (Persian چهاﺮآﻳنه)

History of Iran, by period[edit]

Pre-Islam Iranian history[edit]

Post-Islam Iranian history[edit]

Pahlavi and contemporary history of Iran[edit]

History of Iran, by subject[edit]

Culture of Iran[edit]

Main article: Culture of Iran

Art in Iran[edit]

Sports in Iran[edit]

Main article: Sports in Iran

Economy and infrastructure of Iran[edit]

Main article: Economy of Iran

Education in Iran[edit]

Main article: Education in Iran

See also[edit]

Main article: Iran

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Iran