Outline of Iraq

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The location of Iraq
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Iraq

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iraq:

The Republic of Iraq (Arabic: About this sound جمهورية العراق  Jumhūrīyatu l-‘Irāq) is a sovereign country located in Western Asia.[1] Iraq spans most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.[2] It shares borders with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the west, Syria to the northwest, Turkey to the north, and Iran to the east. It has a very narrow section of coastline at Umm Qasr on the Persian Gulf. There are two major flowing rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates. These provide Iraq with agriculturally capable land and contrast with the desert landscape that covers most of Western Asia.

The capital city, Baghdad, is in the center-east. Iraq's rich history dates back to ancient Mesopotamia. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is identified as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing. During its long history, Iraq has been the center of the Akkadian, Assyrian, Babylonian and Abbasid empires, and part of the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Parthian, Sassanid, Umayyad, Mongol, Ottoman, and British empires.[3]

Since an invasion in 2003, a multinational coalition of forces, mainly American and British, has occupied Iraq. The invasion has had wide-reaching consequences: increased civil violence, political breakdown, the removal and execution of former authoritarian President Saddam Hussein, and national problems in the development of political balance, economy, infrastructure, and use of the country's huge reserves of oil. According to the 2007 Failed States Index, produced by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace's Foreign Policy magazine and the Fund for Peace, Iraq has recently emerged as the world's second most unstable country,[4] after Sudan.[5] Under the control of the U.S. military, Iraq is developing a parliamentary democracy composed of 18 governorates (known as muhafadhat).

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Iraq

Geography of Iraq[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Iraq
Main article: Geography of Iraq
 Iran 1,458 km
 Saudi Arabia 814 km
 Syria 605 km
 Turkey 352 km
 Kuwait 240 km
 Jordan 181 km

Environment of Iraq[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Iraq
Main article: Environment of Iraq

Natural geographic features of Iraq[edit]

Regions of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Regions of Iraq

Ecoregions of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions of Iraq

Administrative divisions of Iraq[edit]

Governorates of Iraq[edit]
Main article: Governorates of Iraq
  1. Baghdad - Arab, Turkman,Assyrian, Kurdish
  2. Salah ad Din - Arab, Turkman
  3. Diyala - Arab, Turkman, Kurdish
  4. Wasit - Arab, Turkman
  5. Maysan - Arab
  6. Al Basrah - Arab
  7. Dhi Qar - Arab
  8. Al Muthanna - Arab
  9. Al Qadisyah - Arab
  10. Babil - Arab, Turkman
  11. Al Karbala - Arab
  12. An Najaf - Arab
  13. Al Anbar - Arab
  14. Ninawa - Arab, Turkman, Assyrian, Kurdish
  15. Dahuk - Assyrian, Kurdish,Arab
  16. Arbil - Turkman, Kurdish, Assyrian,Arab
  17. At Ta'mim - Turkman, Kurdish, Arab, Assyrian
  18. As Sulaymaniyah - Kurdish, Assyrian

The constitutionally recognized Kurdistan Autonomous Region includes parts of a number of northern provinces, and is largely self-governing in internal affairs.

Districts of Iraq[edit]
Main article: Districts of Iraq
Municipalities of Iraq[edit]

Demography of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Iraq

Government and politics of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Government of Iraq and Politics of Iraq

Branches of the government of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Government of Iraq

Executive branch of the government of Iraq[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Iraq[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Court system of Iraq

Foreign relations of Iraq[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Iraq is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Iraq[edit]

Main article: Law of Iraq

Military of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Military of Iraq

Local government in Iraq[edit]

History of Iraq[edit]

Main article: History of Iraq, Timeline of the history of Iraq, and Current events of Iraq

Culture of Iraq[edit]

Main article: Culture of Iraq
Major ethno-religious groups in Iraq
  Shiite Arabs
  Sunni Arabs
  Kurds
  Assyrians
  Yazidis
  Turkmen

Art in Iraq[edit]

Sport in Iraq[edit]

Main article: Sport in Iraq

Economy and infrastructure of Iraq[edit]

Education in Iraq[edit]

Main article: Education in Iraq

Health in Iraq[edit]

Main article: Health in Iraq

See also[edit]

Main article: Iraq

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Iraq

Government

Overviews

News

Other