Outline of Malaysia

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The Flag of Malaysia
Malaysia (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable map of Malaysia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Malaysia:

Malaysia is a sovereign country located on the Malay Peninsula and a northern portion of the Island of Borneo in Southeast Asia.[1] Malaysia comprises thirteen states and three federal territories with a total land area of 329,847 square kilometres (127,355 sq mi).[2] The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur, while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government.

The population stands at over 25 million.[1] The country is separated into two regions—Peninsular Malaysia and Malaysian Borneo—by the South China Sea.[1] Malaysia borders Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines,[1] and Vietnam. The country is located near the equator and experiences a tropical climate.[1]

Malaysia is headed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and politically led by a Prime Minister.[3][4] The government is closely modeled after the Westminster parliamentary system.[5]

General reference[edit]

History of Malaysia[edit]

Part of a series on the
History of Malaysia
History of Malaysia
Prehistoric Malaysia
Early kingdoms
Langkasuka 2nd–14th century
Srivijaya 650–1377
Majapahit 1293–1500
Thonburi Kingdom 1768–1782
Rise of Muslim states
Kedah Sultanate 1136–present
Brunei Sultanate 15th century–present
Malacca Sultanate 1402–1511
Sulu Sultanate 1450–1899
Pattani Sultanate 1516–1902
Johor Sultanate 1528–present
Colonial era
Portuguese Malacca 1511–1641
Dutch Malacca 1641–1824
Straits Settlements 1826–1946
Kingdom of Sarawak 1841–1946
Crown Colony of Labuan 1848–1946
British Malaya / Borneo 1874–1946
North Borneo 1882–1946
Federated Malay States 1895–1946
Unfederated Malay States 1909–1946
War and emergency
Japanese occupation of 1941–1945
Crown Colony of Sarawak 1946–1963
Crown Colony of N. Borneo 1946–1963
Malayan Union 1946–1948
Federation of Malaya 1948–1963
Malayan Emergency 1948–1960
Independence of Malaya 1957
Brunei Revolt 1962
Sarawak Communist Insurgency 1962–1990
Independence of Sarawak 1963
Self-government of North Borneo 1963
Formation of Malaysia 1963
Singapore in Malaysia 1963–1965
Communist Insurgency War 1968–1989
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation 1963–1966
13 May Incident 1969
By topic
Portal icon Malaysia portal

Events and treaties[edit]

Small area histories[edit]

Politics of Malaysia[edit]

Politics of Malaysia.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Main article: Politics of Malaysia

Branches of the government of Malaysia[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Malaysia[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Malaysia[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Courts of Malaysia

Foreign relations of Malaysia[edit]

International organisation membership[edit]

Malaysia is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Law of Malaysia

Military of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Military of Malaysia

Geography of Malaysia[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of the island of Borneo
Main article: Geography of Malaysia
 Indonesia 1,782 km
 Thailand 506 km
 Brunei 381 km
  • Coastline: 4,675 km
    • Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km
    • East Malaysia 2,607 km

Environment of Malaysia[edit]

Natural geographic features of Malaysia[edit]

Regions of Malaysia[edit]

Ecoregions of Malaysia[edit]

Administrative divisions of Malaysia[edit]

States of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: States of Malaysia
The states and federal territories of Malaysia.

Malaysia has 13 states:

  1.  Johor
  2.  Kedah
  3.  Kelantan
  4.  Malacca (Melaka)
  5.  Negeri Sembilan
  6.  Pahang
  7.  Perak
  8.  Perlis
  9.  Penang (Pulau Pinang)
  10.  Sabah
  11.  Sarawak
  12.  Selangor
  13.  Terengganu

Federal territories of Malaysia[edit]

Malaysia also has three federal territories, which are governed directly by the federal government of Malaysia:

  1.  Kuala Lumpur
  2.  Labuan
  3.  Putrajaya

Districts of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Districts of Malaysia

Municipalities of Malaysia[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Economy of Malaysia

Economic plans and policies[edit]

Demography of Malaysia[edit]


Main article: Religion in Malaysia


Culture of Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Culture of Malaysia

Art in Malaysia[edit]

Sports in Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Sports in Malaysia

Education in Malaysia[edit]

Main article: Education in Malaysia
Standardised examinations

See also[edit]

Main article: Malaysia


  1. ^ UMNO was deregistered in 1988 and the Prime Minister of Malaysia formed a new party known as United Malays National Organisation (Baru) on February 16, 1988. The term "Baru" or "New" was removed by a constitutional amendment on July of the same year.
  2. ^ The United Sabah Party (Parti Bersatu Sabah) was a member of Barisan Nasional from its establishment in 1985 until its withdrawal from the coalition in 1990. The party rejoined the coalition in 2002.[6]
  3. ^ The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party entered a coalition with the former Alliance Party in 1972 and subsequently joined the Barisan Nasional coalition when it was founded in 1974. It withdrew from the coalition in 1977.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Malaysia". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Article 1. Constitution of Malaysia.
  3. ^ Article 33. Constitution of Malaysia.
  4. ^ Article 43. Constitution of Malaysia.
  5. ^ The Federation of International Trade Associations. General Information of Malaysia. Retrieved December 7, 2007.
  6. ^ "Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS)". MalaysiaToday.com. 2008-06-05. Retrieved 2008-06-24. [dead link]
  7. ^ Hooker, M. B. (1983). Islam in South-East Asia. Boston: Brill Archive. pp. 203–204. ISBN 90-04-06844-9. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Malaysia

Overviews and Data