Outline of Moldova

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The location of Moldova
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Moldova

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Moldova:

The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked sovereign country located in Eastern Europe between Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east and south.[1] Moldova is a parliamentary democracy with a president as its head of state and a prime minister as its head of government. In the Constitution of the country,[2] the state language is officially called Moldovan, while in the Declaration of Independence it was officially called Romanian.[3] The capital and largest city of Moldova is Chişinău.

In Antiquity, the present territory of Moldova was inhabited by Dacians, who were subsequently Romanized. Roman and afterwards Byzantine Empires directly controlled a smaller part in the south of the modern country until the 7th century. In the Middle Ages, 90% of the present territory of Moldova was part of the Principality of Moldavia. In 1812, the Russian Empire annexed the eastern half of Moldavia, which became known under the name of Bessarabia. Upon the dissolution of the Russian Empire in 1917-1918, Bessarabia joined Romania. During World War II, in 1940, Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union, albeit reverted to Romania between 1941 and 1944, and was split between the newly created Moldavian SSR (most of it) and the Ukrainian SSR (small portions in the north and south). During the age of perestroika, the national language replaced Russian as official, and Moldavian SSR was renamed Republic of Moldova. Moldova declared its independence from the USSR on August 27, 1991. Despite signing international obligations to withdraw,[4] Russian military forces have remained on part of Moldovan territory; since 1993 they have been stationed in the breakaway territory of Transnistria against the will of the Moldovan Government.[5]

Moldova is a member state of the United Nations, WTO, OSCE, GUAM, CIS, BSEC and other international organizations. Moldova currently aspires to join the European Union[6] and has implemented its first three-year Action Plan within the framework of the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) of the EU.[7]

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Moldova

Geography of Moldova[edit]

 Ukraine 940 km
 Romania 450 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Moldova[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Moldova

Natural geographic features of Moldova[edit]

Regions of Moldova[edit]

Administrative divisions of Moldova[edit]

Districts of Moldova[edit]
Municipalities of Moldova[edit]

Demography of Moldova[edit]

Government and politics of Moldova[edit]

Main article: Government of Moldova and Politics of Moldova

Branches of the government of Moldova[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Moldova[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Moldova[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Moldova[edit]

Foreign relations of Moldova[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Moldova is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Moldova[edit]

Military of Moldova[edit]

Local government in Moldova[edit]

History of Moldova[edit]

Main article: History of Moldova, Timeline of the history of Moldova, and Current events of Moldova

Culture of Moldova[edit]

Art in Moldova[edit]

Sports in Moldova[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Moldova[edit]

Education in Moldova[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Moldova". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Title I, Article 13 of Moldova's Constitution
  3. ^ Moldova's Declaration of Independence
  4. ^ The 1999 OCSE Istanbul Summit Decisions on Moldova and Georgia: Prospects for Implementation at Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
  5. ^ Statement by H.E. Mr. Andrei Stratan at the General Debate of the Sixty Second Session of the UN General Assembly, New-York, 1 October 2007: "I would like to reiterate on this occasion the position of the Republic of Moldova according to which the withdrawal of the Russian troops that remain on the Moldovan territory against its will, in conformity with the obligations assumed by the Russian Federation in 1999 in Istanbul, would create the necessary premises for ratifying and applying the Adapted CFE Treaty."
  6. ^ "Moldova will prove that it can and has chances to become EU member," Moldpress News Agency, June 19, 2007
  7. ^ "Moldova-EU Action Plan Approved by European Commission", moldova.org, December 14, 2004, retrieved January 7, 2009

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Moldova

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