Outline of Nicaragua

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The location of Nicaragua
An enlargeable map of the Republic of Nicaragua

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Nicaragua:

The Republic of Nicaragua is a sovereign, representative democratic republic and the most extensive nation in Central America.[1] It is also the least densely populated with a demographic similar in size to its smaller neighbors. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and by Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, while the Caribbean Sea lies to the east. Falling within the tropics, Nicaragua sits 11 degrees north of the Equator, in the Northern Hemisphere.

The country's name is derived from Nicarao,[citation needed] the name of the Nahuatl-speaking tribe which inhabited the shores of Lago de Nicaragua before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, due to the presence of the large lakes Lago de Nicaragua (Cocibolca) and Lago de Managua (Xolotlán), as well as lagoons and rivers in the region.[2]

At the time of the Spanish conquest, Nicaragua was the name given to the narrow strip of land between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean. Chief Nicarao ruled over the land when the first conquerors arrived. The term was eventually applied, by extension, to the Nicarao or Niquirano groups that inhabited that region.

The Nicarao tribe migrated to the area from northern regions after the fall of Teotihuacán, on the advice of their religious leaders. According to tradition, they were to travel south until they encountered a lake with two volcanoes rising out of the waters, and so they stopped when they reached Ometepe, the largest fresh-water volcanic island in the world.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Nicaragua

Geography of Nicaragua[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Nicaragua
 Honduras 922 km
 Costa Rica 309 km
  • Coastline: 910 km

Environment of Nicaragua[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Nicaragua

Natural geographic features of Nicaragua[edit]

Regions of Nicaragua[edit]

Administrative divisions of Nicaragua[edit]

Departments of Nicaragua[edit]
Municipalities of Nicaragua[edit]

Demography of Nicaragua[edit]

Government and politics of Nicaragua[edit]

Main article: Government of Nicaragua and Politics of Nicaragua

Branches of the government of Nicaragua[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Nicaragua[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Nicaragua[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Nicaragua[edit]

Foreign relations of Nicaragua[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Nicaragua is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Nicaragua[edit]

Military of Nicaragua[edit]

Main article: Military of Nicaragua

History of Nicaragua[edit]

Main article: History of Nicaragua

Culture of Nicaragua[edit]

Main article: Culture of Nicaragua

Art in Nicaragua[edit]

Sports in Nicaragua[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Nicaragua[edit]

Main article: Economy of Nicaragua

Education in Nicaragua[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Nicaragua". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 7, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Origen del nombre de Nicaragua:" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Nicaragua. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 

External links[edit]

General
Maps

Wikimedia Atlas of Nicaragua