Outline of Pakistan

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Pakistan (orthographic projection)-2.png
An enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Pakistan:

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign country located in South-central Asia.[1][2][3] It has a 1,046-kilometer (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.[4][5]

The region forming modern Pakistan was home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and then, successively, recipient of ancient Vedic, Persian, Indo-Greek and Islamic cultures. The area has witnessed invasions and settlement by the Persians, Greeks, Arabs, Turks, Afghans and the Mongols.[6] It was a part of British India until 1947, when the Pakistan Movement for a state for Muslims, led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League resulted in the independence and creation of the state of Pakistan, that comprised the provinces of Sindh, North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab, Baluchistan and East Bengal. With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic. In 1971, a civil war in East Pakistan resulted in the independence of Bangladesh. Pakistan's history has been characterized by periods of economic growth, military rule and political instability.

Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia. The country is listed among the "Next Eleven" economies. Pakistan is a founding member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Developing 8 Countries and the Economic Cooperation Organization. It is also a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, World Trade Organization, G33 developing countries, Group of 77 developing nations, major non-NATO ally of the United States and is a nuclear state.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable relief map of Pakistan

Geography of Pakistan[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Pakistan
Main article: Geography of Pakistan
 India (including the disputed LoC is 2,912 km)
 Afghanistan 2,430 km
 Iran 909 km
 China 523 km

Outline of Pakistan[edit]

Environment of Pakistan[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Pakistan

Natural geographic features of Pakistan[edit]

Administrative divisions of Pakistan[edit]

Provinces of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Provinces of Pakistan

Districts of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Districts of Pakistan

Municipalities of Pakistan[edit]

Demography of Pakistan[edit]

Government and politics of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Government of Pakistan and Politics of Pakistan

Foreign relations of Pakistan[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Law of Pakistan

Pakistani Armed Forces[edit]

Local government in Pakistan[edit]

History of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: History of Pakistan

Culture of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Culture of Pakistan

Tribes in Punjab

Art in Pakistan[edit]

Sports in Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Sports in Pakistan

Economy and infrastructure of Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Economy of Pakistan

Education in Pakistan[edit]

Main article: Education in Pakistan

See also[edit]

Main article: Pakistan


  1. ^ a b "Pakistan". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Encarta Encyclopedia - Pakistan
  3. ^ Middle East Institute: Pakistan
  4. ^ Weiss, Anita M. and Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb. 2012. Pakistan. Kotzé, Louis and Morse, Stephen (eds), The Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability, Vol. 9. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire, pp. 236-240.
  5. ^ The entire Kashmir region is claimed by Pakistan including Indian-administered Kashmir. China also administers part of the region with the Indian and Pakistani-held areas defined by the Line of Control.Pakistan refers to Indian-administered Kashmir as Indian Occupied Kashmir.
  6. ^ Pakistan InfoPlease

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Pakistan