Outline of Protestantism

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Protestantism:

Nature of Protestantism[edit]

Main article: Protestantism

Protestantism is a major group within Christianity, not adhering to the Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Churches. Some consider Anglicanism to be Protestant. Some consider the Radical Reformation to be separate from Protestantism.

Beliefs of Protestants[edit]

Branches of Protestantism[edit]

  • Anabaptist – part of the Radical Reformation of 16th-century Europe. Many consider Anabaptism to be a distinct movement from Protestantism. Amish, Hutterites, and Mennonites are descendants of the movement.
  • Anglicanism – churches with historical connections to the Church of England
  • Calvinism – a Protestant theological system based in large part on the teachings of John Calvin, a reformer.
  • Counter-Reformation – a period of Catholic revival in response to the Protestant reformation
  • Dissenters – in this context, one who has separated from the Established Church
  • Nonconformism – the practice of refusing to adhere to the practices of the Church of England.
  • Lutheranism – a major branch of the reformation, adhering to the theology of Martin Luther
  • Polish Brethren – the Minor Reformed Church of Poland, a non-Trinitarian church (1565 – 1658)
  • Remonstrants – Dutch Protestants adhering to the views of Arminius, in opposition to Calvinism
  • Presbyterianism – a denomination adhering to Calvinist views, with governance by elders (presbyters)
  • Evangelicalism – a Protestant Christian movement which began in the 17th century, but grew much more prominent in the 18th & 19th centuries during the Great Awakenings; it emphasizes individual piety
  • Liberalism – the belief in liberty and equality. In religion, emphasizes theological diversity over creed or authority.
  • Fundamentalism – originally meant a specific set of theological beliefs; has come to mean unwavering devotion to a specific set of fundamental beliefs.
  • Pentecostalism – a movement within Christianity putting particular emphasis on the direct experience of God in the form of the Holy Spirit.

History of Protestantism[edit]

Pre-Reformation movements[edit]

The Protestant Reformation[edit]

Reformation era movements[edit]

  • Anabaptist – Many consider Anabaptism to be a distinct movement from Protestantism. Amish, Hutterites, and Mennonites are descendants of the movement.
  • Anglicanism – churches with historical connections to the Church of England
  • Calvinism – a Protestant theological system based in large part on the teachings of John Calvin, a reformer.
  • Counter-Reformation – a period of Catholic revival in response to the Protestant reformation
  • Dissenters – in this context, one who has separated from the Established Church
  • Nonconformism – the practice of refusing to adhere to the practices of the Church of England.
  • Lutheranism – a major branch of the reformation, adhering to the theology of Martin Luther
  • Polish Brethren – the Minor Reformed Church of Poland, a non-Trinitarian church (1565 – 1658)
  • Remonstrants – Dutch Protestants adhering to the views of Arminius, in opposition to Calvinism

Personalities of the era of the Reformation[edit]

  • Jacobus Arminius – Dutch theologian, founder of school of thought known as Arminianism
  • Heinrich Bullinger – successor of Zwingli, leading reformed theologian.
  • John Calvin – French theologian, Reformer and resident of Geneva, Switzerland, he founded the school of theology known as Calvinism.
  • Balthasar Hubmaier – influential Anabaptist theologian, author of numerous works during his five years of ministry, tortured at Zwingli's behest, and executed in Vienna.
  • John Knox – Scottish Calvinist reformer.
  • Martin Luther – church reformer, Father of Protestantism, theological works guided those now known as Lutherans.
  • Philipp Melanchthon – early Lutheran leader.
  • Menno Simons – founder of Mennonitism
  • John Smyth (1570-1612), early Baptist leader.
  • Huldrych Zwingli – founder of Swiss reformed tradition.
  • Henry VIII – king of England.

The Great Awakenings[edit]

Main article: Great Awakenings

The Reformation History