Outline of Spain

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The location of Spain
An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Spain

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Spain:

Spain – sovereign state located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Spanish territory also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the African coast, three exclaves in North Africa, Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera that border Morocco, and the islands and peñones (rocks) of Alborán, Chafarinas, Alhucemas, and Perejil. Spain is a democracy organized in the form of a parliamentary government under a constitutional monarchy. It is a developed country with the 14th largest economy in the world. It is a member of the European Union, United Nations, NATO, OECD, WTO and many other international organizations.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Spain

Geography of Spain[edit]

Spain occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula, and is the second largest country in Western Europe (behind France). With an average altitude of 650 m, it is the second highest country in Europe (behind Switzerland).

An enlargeable topographic map of Spain
Main article: Geography of Spain
 Portugal 1,214 km
 France 623 km
 Andorra 64 km
 Morocco 16 km
 Gibraltar 1 km
  • Coastline: 4,964 km

Environment of Spain[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Spain

Natural geographic features of Spain[edit]

Ecological regions of Spain[edit]

Political Structure of Spain[edit]

The Kingdom of Spain[1] is a constitutional monarchy which has been a member of the European Union since 1986.It has a central administration with extensive regional devolution.

National Political Formations of Spain[edit]

Administrative divisions of Spain[edit]

Autonomous communities and cities of Spain[edit]

Spain is organized into "autonomous communities" and "cities" each with its own parliament and government.

Autonomous communities
Autonomous cities

Provinces of Spain[edit]

Main article: Provinces of Spain
Province name Capital Autonomous community Lists of municipalities
A Coruña A Coruña Galicia Municipalities
Álava/Araba Vitoria-Gasteiz Basque Country Municipalities
Albacete Albacete Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Alicante/Alacant Alicante/Alacant Valencian Community Municipalities
Almería Almería Andalusia Municipalities
Asturias Oviedo Asturias Municipalities
Ávila Ávila Castile and León Municipalities
Badajoz Badajoz Extremadura Municipalities
Balearic Islands (Illes Balears/
Islas Baleares)
Palma Balearic Islands Municipalities
Barcelona Barcelona Catalonia Municipalities
Bizkaia/Vizcaya Bilbao/Bilbo Basque Country Municipalities
Burgos Burgos Castile and León Municipalities
Cáceres Cáceres Extremadura Municipalities
Cádiz Cádiz Andalusia Municipalities
Cantabria Santander Cantabria Municipalities
Castellón/Castelló Castellón de la Plana/Castelló de la Plana Valencian Community Municipalities
Ciudad Real Ciudad Real Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Córdoba Córdoba Andalusia Municipalities
Cuenca Cuenca Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Girona Girona Catalonia Municipalities
Granada Granada Andalusia Municipalities
Guadalajara Guadalajara Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Gipuzkoa/Guipúzcoa San Sebastián/Donostia Basque Country Municipalities
Huelva Huelva Andalusia Municipalities
Huesca Huesca Aragon Municipalities
Jaén Jaén Andalusia Municipalities
La Rioja Logroño La Rioja Municipalities
León León Castile and León Municipalities
Lleida Lleida Catalonia Municipalities
Lugo Lugo Galicia Municipalities
Madrid Madrid Community of Madrid Municipalities
Málaga Málaga Andalusia Municipalities
Murcia Murcia Region of Murcia Municipalities
Navarra/Nafarroa Pamplona/Iruña Navarre Municipalities
Ourense Ourense Galicia Municipalities
Palencia Palencia Castile and León Municipalities
Las Palmas Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Canary Islands Municipalities
Pontevedra Pontevedra Galicia Municipalities
Salamanca Salamanca Castile and León Municipalities
Santa Cruz de Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife Canary Islands Municipalities
Segovia Segovia Castile and León Municipalities
Seville (Sevilla) Seville (Sevilla) Andalusia Municipalities
Soria Soria Castile and León Municipalities
Tarragona Tarragona Catalonia Municipalities
Teruel Teruel Aragon Municipalities
Toledo Toledo Castile–La Mancha Municipalities
Valencia/València Valencia/València Valencian Community Municipalities
Valladolid Valladolid Castile and León Municipalities
Zamora Zamora Castile and León Municipalities
Zaragoza Zaragoza Aragon Municipalities

Municipalities of Spain[edit]

The municipalities of Spain, 8111 in total, are the basic level of Spanish local government.

Demography of Spain[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Spain

Government and politics of Spain[edit]

Main article: Government of Spain and Politics of Spain

Branches of the government of Spain[edit]

Main article: Government of Spain

Executive branch of the government of Spain[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Spain[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Spain[edit]

Foreign relations of Spain[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Kingdom of Spain is a member of:[2]

Law and order in Spain[edit]

Main article: Law of Spain

Military of Spain[edit]

Main article: Military of Spain

Local government in Spain[edit]

History of Spain[edit]

Main article: History of Spain, Timeline of the history of Spain, and Current events of Spain

Culture of Spain[edit]

Main article: Culture of Spain

Art in Spain[edit]

Religion and belief systems in Spain[edit]

Sports in Spain[edit]

Main article: Sports in Spain

Economy and infrastructure of Spain[edit]

Main article: Economy of Spain

Education in Spain[edit]

Main article: Education in Spain

See also[edit]

Main article: Spain


  1. ^ The Spanish constitution does not establish any official denomination of the country, even though España (Spain), Estado español (Spanish State) and Nación española (Spanish Nation) are used interchangeably. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in an Ordinance published in 1984, declared that "[...] denominations "Spain" and "Kingdom of Spain" are equally valid to designate the Spanish State in international treaties..."[1]
  2. ^ "Spain". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Spain