Outline of Taiwan

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The location of Taiwan.
An enlargeable relief map of Taiwan.
An enlargeable basic map of Taiwan.
An enlargeable topographic map of Taiwan.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Taiwan:

Taiwan is a unitary sovereign state located in East Asia,[1] officially the Republic of China (ROC). The ROC was established in mainland China in 1912, it governed most of mainland China prior to outbreak of the civil war, then received Taiwan and associated islands from the Surrender of Japan at the end of World War II in late 1945. However, the ROC lost its mainland territory in the Chinese Civil War to Communist forces who founded the People's Republic of China (PRC) on that territory in 1949, and the ROC relocated its government to the island of Taiwan, which composes most of its current territory.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Taiwan[edit]

Main article: Geography of Taiwan

Environment of Taiwan[edit]

Satellite photograph of Taiwan taken by MODIS aboard NASA's Terra satellite).
Yehliu is a peninsula on the north coast of Taiwan, famous for the curious shapes carved along its shoreline by sea erosion.

Geographic features of Taiwan[edit]

Regions of Taiwan[edit]

Main article: Regions of Taiwan

Ecoregions of Taiwan[edit]

Administrative divisions of Taiwan[edit]

Taipei Neihu Technology Park.
A paifang in Zhongxing New Village. Zhongxing New Village is the capital of the Taiwan Province.
East Gate of Hsinchu City.
Fengyuan Station is a train station of Taichung Line, part of Taiwan's Western main rail line. It's the main station of Fengyuan District, Taichung City.
Main articles: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China and List of cities in Taiwan
Administrative divisions of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
1st Level Special municipalities (5) Provinces (streamlined) (2) 22
2nd Level Provincial cities (3) Counties (14)
3rd Level Districts (157) County-controlled cities (17) Townships (194) 368

Demography of Taiwan[edit]

Government and politics of Taiwan[edit]

Main article: Government of the Republic of China and Politics of the Republic of China

Elections in Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan policy and ideology[edit]

Political parties[edit]

Branches of government[edit]

The government of the Republic of China has 5 branches, called "Yuan".

Executive Yuan[edit]

Main article: Executive Yuan

Legislative Yuan[edit]

Main article: Legislative Yuan

Judicial Yuan[edit]

Control Yuan[edit]

Main article: Control Yuan

Examination Yuan[edit]

Main article: Examination Yuan

Foreign relations of Taiwan[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of China is a member of:

The Republic of China is excluded from:

  • United Nations
    • The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN, but was expelled in 1971 in favor of the PRC, through UNGA Resolution 2758
    • On 23 July 2007, the Republic of China's (15th) request to join the UN was rejected.[2]

Law and order[edit]

Political/Legal Status of Taiwan[edit]

Legal Documentation of Taiwan Status[edit]


ROC Navy Kang Ding-class (Lafayette-class) frigate with S-70C helicopter.


History of Taiwan[edit]

Main articles: History of Taiwan, History of the Republic of China

By period[edit]

By region[edit]

By subject[edit]

Historical figures[edit]

Culture of Taiwan[edit]

Taiwan Pride 2005, a gay pride parade on Zhongxiao East Road in Taipei.
Main article: Culture of Taiwan

Arts in Taiwan[edit]

Mass Media of Taiwan[edit]

Museums in Taiwan[edit]

Religion in Taiwan[edit]

Sports in Taiwan[edit]

Main article: Sports in Taiwan

Economy and infrastructure of Taiwan[edit]

Taipei is the Republic of China's capital city and financial center. Taipei 101 was the world's tallest building from 2004 to 2010, but now ranks third.
KwanDu Bridge, Taipei.
Main article: Economy of Taiwan

Education in Taiwan[edit]

Main article: Education in Taiwan

Research Institutes[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Taiwan


  1. ^ Nan-Jung Kuo; Chung-Ru Ho. "Sea Surface Observation in the Taiwan Strait Using Satellite Imager from HRPT Station". Environmental Protection Agency, Republic of China. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  2. ^ News.bbc.co.uk 2007

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Taiwan