Outline of Tonga

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The location of Tonga
An enlargeable map of the Kingdom of Tonga

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Tonga:

The Kingdom of Tonga is a sovereign island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.[1] Tonga comprises the Tonga Archipelago of 169 islands, 36 of them inhabited, stretching over a distance of about 800 kilometres (500 mi) in a north-south line. The islands lie south of Samoa and are about one-third of the way from New Zealand to Hawaii.

Tonga is the only surviving monarchy among the island nations of the Pacific Ocean, as well as being the only island nation never to have been formally colonized.

The islands are also known as the Friendly Islands because of the friendly reception accorded to Captain Cook on his first visit in 1773. He happened to arrive at the time of the ʻinasi festival, the yearly donation of the first fruits to the Tu'i Tonga, the islands' paramount chief, and was invited to the festivities. According to the writer William Mariner, in reality the chiefs had wanted to kill Cook during the gathering, but had been unable to agree on a plan.[2]

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Tonga

Geography of Tonga[edit]

Environment of Tonga[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of the caldera island of Niuafoʻou in Tonga

Natural geographic features of Tonga[edit]

Regions of Tonga[edit]

Ecoregions of Tonga[edit]

Administrative divisions of Tonga[edit]

Demography of Tonga[edit]

Government and politics of Tonga[edit]

Main article: Government of Tonga and Politics of Tonga

Branches of the government of Tonga[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Tonga[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Tonga[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Tonga[edit]

Foreign relations of Tonga[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Kingdom of Tonga is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Tonga[edit]

Military of Tonga[edit]

Local government in Tonga[edit]

History of Tonga[edit]

Main article: History of Tonga, Timeline of the history of Tonga, and Current events of Tonga

Culture of Tonga[edit]

Art in Tonga[edit]

Sports in Tonga[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Tonga[edit]

Education in Tonga[edit]

Health in Tonga[edit]

Nuku'alofa and Neiafu have hospitals equipped with limited emergency and outpatient facilities. Elsewhere, medical facilities and medications are extremely limited. People with serious medical conditions are typically referred to New Zealand for treatment.[3]

Infrastructure of Tonga[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Tonga