Outline of Transnistria

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The location of Transnistria
An enlargeable map of Transnistria

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Transnistria:

Transnistria, also known as Trans-Dniester, Transdniestria, and Pridnestrovie, officially the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, is a breakaway republic[1][2] within the internationally recognised borders of Moldova with the official status of an autonomous territory. Although only partially recognised, it is claimed in whole by Moldova as its de jure territory,[3] it is de facto independent[4][5][6] and functions like a state.[7] It is organised as a presidential republic, with its own government, parliament, military, police, and postal system. Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, a national anthem, and a coat of arms.

Transnistria is located mostly in a strip between the Dniester River and Ukraine. After the dissolution of the USSR, Transnistria declared independence leading to the war with Moldova that started in March 1992 and was concluded by the ceasefire of July 1992. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, PMR) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarized zone, comprising 20 localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory's political status remains unresolved, and Transnistria has been de facto independent since that time.

Transnistria is sometimes compared with other post-Soviet frozen conflict zones such as Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia.[8][9] These states all recognise Transnistrian sovereignty.

General reference[edit]

Geography of Transnistria[edit]

Environment of Transnistria[edit]

Regions of Transnistria[edit]

Ecoregions of Transnistria[edit]

Administrative divisions of Transnistria[edit]

Raions of Transnistria[edit]
Municipalities of Transnistria[edit]
  • Bendery (Бендéры), officially a separate municipality from Transnistria
  • Tiraspol (Тирáсполь)

Demography of Transnistria[edit]

Government and politics of Transnistria[edit]

Main article: Government of Transnistria and Politics of Transnistria

Branches of the government of Transnistria[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Transnistria[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Transnistria[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Transnistria[edit]

Foreign relations of Transnistria[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

Law and order in Transnistria[edit]

Main article: Law of Transnistria

Military of Transnistria[edit]

Local government in Transnistria[edit]

History of Transnistria[edit]

Main article: History of Transnistria

Culture of Transnistria[edit]

Art in Transnistria[edit]

Economy and infrastructure of Transnistria[edit]

Education in Transnistria[edit]

See also[edit]

Main article: Transnistria


  1. ^ Herd, Graeme P.; Jennifer D. P. Moroney (2003). Security Dynamics in the Former Soviet Bloc. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-29732-X. 
  2. ^ Zielonka, Jan (2001). Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-924409-X. 
  3. ^ a b "Moldova". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b , Jos Boonstra, Senior Researcher, Democratisation Programme, FRIDE. Moldova, Transnistria and European Democracy Policies, 2007
  5. ^ a b Gerald Hinteregger, Hans-Georg Heinrich (editors), Russia — Continuity and Change, Hinteregger, Gerald; Heinrich Hans-Georg (2004). Russia — Continuity and Change. (editors). Springer. p. 174. ISBN 3-211-22391-6. 
  6. ^ a b Rosenstiel, Francis; Edith Lejard; Jean Boutsavath; Jacques Martz (2002). Annuaire Europeen 2000/European Yearbook 2000. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 90-411-1844-6. 
  7. ^ a b Barry Bartmann, Tozun. Bahcheli (2004). De Facto States: The Quest for Sovereignty. Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5476-0. 
  8. ^ OSCE: De Gucht Discusses Montenegro Referendum, Frozen Conflicts, GlobalSecurity.org, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, May 2006
  9. ^ Vladimir Socor, Frozen Conflicts in the Black Sea-South Caucasus Region, IASPS Policy Briefings, March 1, 2004

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Transnistria

Local links