Outline of Uruguay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Uruguay (orthographic projection).svg
An enlargeable relief map of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Uruguay:

The Oriental Republic of Uruguay is a sovereign country located in southeastern South America.[1] It is home to 3.46 million people, of which 1.7 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area.

It is bordered by Brazil to the north, by Argentina across the bank of both the Uruguay River to the west and the estuary of Río de la Plata to the southwest, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Its surface is 176.215 km² being by its territorial extension the second smallest country in South America, larger only than Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana.

Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold. Uruguay won its independence in 1825-1828 following a three-way struggle between Spain, Argentina and Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, where the president fulfills the roles of both head of state and head of government.

The economy is largely based on agriculture (making up 10% of GDP and the most substantial export) and the state sector, Uruguay's economy is on the whole more stable than in its surrounding states, and it maintains a solid reputation with investors.

According to Transparency International, Uruguay is the second least corrupt country in Latin America (after Chile),[2] with its political and labor conditions being among the freest on the continent.

In November 2007 it became the first Latin American country and the second in all of the Americas to recognize same-sex civil unions at the national level.[3]

94.6% of the population are of European descent.[4] Just under half of the population are declared Roman Catholics. However, the majority of Uruguayans are only nominally religious.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Uruguay

Geography of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Geography of Uruguay
 Brazil 1,068 km
 Argentina 580 km

Environment of Uruguay[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Uruguay

Natural geographic features of Uruguay[edit]

Regions of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Regions of Uruguay

Ecoregions of Uruguay[edit]

Demography of Uruguay[edit]

Government and politics of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Government of Uruguay and Politics of Uruguay

Branches of the government of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Government of Uruguay

Executive branch of the government of Uruguay[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Uruguay[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Uruguay[edit]

Foreign relations of Uruguay[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Eastern Republic of Uruguay is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Law of Uruguay

Military of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Military of Uruguay

Local government in Uruguay[edit]

History of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: History of Uruguay, Timeline of the history of Uruguay, and Current events of Uruguay

Culture of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Culture of Uruguay

Art in Uruguay[edit]

Sports in Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Sports in Uruguay

Economy and infrastructure of Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Economy of Uruguay

Education in Uruguay[edit]

Main article: Education in Uruguay

See also[edit]

Main article: Uruguay


  1. ^ a b "Uruguay". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ Transparency.org.
  3. ^ Uruguay Passes Civil-Union Law at San Francisco Bay Times (6 December 2007)
  4. ^ "Extended National Household Survey, 2006: Ancestry" (pdf) (in Spanish). National Institute of Statistics. 

External links[edit]


Wikimedia Atlas of Uruguay