Outline of Zimbabwe

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The location of Zimbabwe

The Republic of Zimbabwe, formerly known as Southern Rhodesia, the Republic of Rhodesia, and Zimbabwe Rhodesia, is a landlocked sovereign country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi River and Limpopo River.[1]

Starting about 800 years ago (circa 1250) the area was ruled until 1629 by the Mutapa Empire, renowned for its gold trade routes with the Arabs. In 1834, the Ndebele people arrived while fleeing from the Zulu leader Shaka, making the area their new empire, Matabeleland. In the 1880s, the British arrived with Cecil Rhodes's British South Africa Company and colonized the area, and it became known as Southern Rhodesia in 1898. The country attained recognised independence in 1980, along with a new name (Zimbabwe), new flag, and new government led by Robert Mugabe of the Zimbabwe African National Union.

In 2000, under the leadership of Mugabe an effort was undertaken to redistribute land from white holders (predominantly large farms) to 250,000 Africans.

Zimbabwe is currently experiencing an economic and food crisis, described by some observers as the country's worst humanitarian crisis since independence, and it has been attributed in varying degrees to government economic mismanagement, government prohibitions on relief efforts from foreign NGOs (non-governmental organizations), a drought affecting the entire region, and the HIV/AIDS epidemic.[2]

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Zimbabwe.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Zimbabwe

Geography of Zimbabwe[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Zimbabwe
Main article: Geography of Zimbabwe
 Mozambique 1,231 km
 Botswana 813 km
 Zambia 797 km
 South Africa 225 km
  • Coastline: none

Environment of Zimbabwe[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Zimbabwe

Natural geographic features of Zimbabwe[edit]

Regions of Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Regions of Zimbabwe

Ecoregions of Zimbabwe[edit]

Administrative divisions of Zimbabwe[edit]

Provinces of Zimbabwe[edit]
Main article: Provinces of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities with provincial status:

  1. Bulawayo (city)
  2. Harare (city)
  3. Manicaland
  4. Mashonaland Central
  5. Mashonaland East
  6. Mashonaland West
  7. Masvingo
  8. Matabeleland North
  9. Matabeleland South
  10. Midlands
Districts of Zimbabwe[edit]
Main article: Districts of Zimbabwe

The Provinces of Zimbabwe are divided into 59 districts and 1,200 municipalities. The districts are listed below, by province:

Municipalities of Zimbabwe[edit]

Demography of Zimbabwe[edit]

Government and politics of Zimbabwe[edit]

Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe
Main article: Government of Zimbabwe and Politics of Zimbabwe

Branches of the government of Zimbabwe[edit]

Executive branch of the government of Zimbabwe[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Zimbabwe[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Zimbabwe[edit]

Foreign relations of Zimbabwe[edit]

Relations with specific countries[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Zimbabwe is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Law of Zimbabwe

Military of Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Military of Zimbabwe

Local government in Zimbabwe[edit]

History of Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: History of Zimbabwe, years in Zimbabwe, and Current events of Zimbabwe

By period[edit]

By field[edit]

Culture of Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Culture of Zimbabwe

Art in Zimbabwe[edit]

Sports in Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Sports in Zimbabwe

Economy and infrastructure of Zimbabwe[edit]

Key crops production in Zimbabwe
Main article: Economy of Zimbabwe
* Companies of Zimbabwe
Opening of the railroad to Umtali in 1899

Economic sectors[edit]

Education in Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Education in Zimbabwe

Health in Zimbabwe[edit]

Main article: Health in Zimbabwe

See also[edit]

Main article: Zimbabwe


  1. ^ Although the Zimbabwean dollar it is still the official currency, the United States dollar, South African rand, Botswanan pula, Pound sterling and Euro are mostly used instead as the local currency is practically worthless. The US Dollar has been adopted as the official currency for all government transactions with the new power-sharing regime.


  1. ^ a b "Zimbabwe". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 3, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Crisis profile: Zimbabwe's humanitarian situation". Reuters Foundation AlertNet. 26 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-31. 
  3. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Zimbabwe