Outline of applied science
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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to applied science:
Applied science – branch of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, including inventions and other technological advancements.
What type of thing is applied science?
Applied science can be described as all of the following:
- Branch of science – systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
Fields of applied science
Also known as applied sciences.
- Applied engineering – field concerned with the application of management, design, and technical skills for the design and integration of systems, the execution of new product designs, the improvement of manufacturing processes, and the management and direction of physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization.
- Applied linguistics – interdisciplinary field of study that identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real-life problems.
- Applied mathematics – branch of mathematics concerned with mathematical methods that are typically used in science, engineering, business, and industry. Thus, "applied mathematics" is a mathematical science with specialized knowledge.
- Applied physics – physics intended for a particular technological or practical use. It is usually considered as a bridge between "pure" physics and engineering.
- Applied chemistry –
- Archaeology (outline) – study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).
- Artificial intelligence (outline) – intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science that aims to create it.
- Building science – the collection of scientific knowledge and experience that focuses on the analysis and control of the physical phenomena affecting buildings and architecture.
- Ceramic engineering – science and technology of creating objects from inorganic, non-metallic materials.
- Child Studies – science of child studies.
- Civil engineering – deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. Civil engineering has many sub-disciplines.
- Computing technology (outline) – computer hardware and software, and computing methods.
- Electronics – branch of physics, engineering and technology dealing with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes and integrated circuits, and associated passive interconnection technologies.
- Energy technology (outline) – interdisciplinary engineering science having to do with the efficient, safe, environmentally friendly and economical extraction, conversion, transportation, storage and use of energy, targeted towards yielding high efficiency whilst skirting side effects on humans, nature and the environment.
- Energy storage (outline) – accomplished by devices or physical media that store some form of energy to perform some useful operation at a later time. A device that stores energy is sometimes called an accumulator.
- Environmental engineering science – multidisciplinary field of engineering science that combines the biological, chemical and physical sciences with the field of engineering.
- Engineering physics – study of the combined disciplines of physics, engineering and mathematics in order to develop an understanding of the interrelationships of these three disciplines.
- Engineering technology (outline) – development and implementation of existing technology within a field of engineering.
- Environmental technology – application of one or more of environmental science, green chemistry, environmental monitoring and electronic devices to monitor, model and conserve the natural environment and resources, and to curb the negative impacts of human involvement.
- Fisheries science – academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries. It is a multidisciplinary science, which draws on the disciplines of limnology, oceanography, freshwater biology, marine biology, conservation, ecology, population dynamics, economics and management to attempt to provide an integrated picture of fisheries.
- Food science the discipline in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public
- Forensic science (outline) – application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to a legal system. This may be in relation to a crime or a civil action.
- Forestry science (outline) – interdisciplinary profession embracing the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, and conserving forests and associated resources in a sustainable manner to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit.
- Materials science and engineering – interdisciplinary field applying the properties of matter to various areas of science and engineering. This scientific field investigates the relationship between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales and their macroscopic properties.
- Medicine (outline) – applied science of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings.
- Microtechnology – technology with features near one micrometre (one millionth of a metre, or 10−6 metre, or 1μm).
- Military engineering – the art and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
- Nanotechnology (outline) – study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Generally, nanotechnology deals with developing materials, devices, or other structures possessing at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometres. Quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale.
- Nuclear technology (outline) – technology that involves the reactions of atomic nuclei. Among the notable nuclear technologies are nuclear power, nuclear medicine, and nuclear weapons. It has found applications from smoke detectors to nuclear reactors, and from gun sights to nuclear weapons.
- Optics – branch of physics which involves the behavior and properties of light, including its interactions with matter and the construction of instruments that use or detect it.
- Security engineering – focuses on the security aspects in the design of systems that need to be able to deal robustly with possible sources of disruption, ranging from natural disasters to malicious acts.
- Software engineering (outline) – application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software, and the study of these approaches; that is, the application of engineering to software.
History of applied science
- History of applied linguistics
- History of applied mathematics
- History of applied physics
- History of archaeology
- History of artificial intelligence
- History of ceramic engineering
- History of computing technology
- History of electronics
- History of energy
- History of energy storage
- History of environmental engineering
- History of forensic science
- History of forestry
- History of materials science
- History of medicine
- History of nanotechnology
- History of nuclear technology
- History of optics
- History of software engineering
Applied science in education
- Bachelor of Applied Science – undergraduate degree awarded for a course of study that generally lasts three to four years in the United Kingdom and Australia, and four to six years in Canada, the Netherlands and the United States.
- Institute of technology –
Applied science organizations
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Applied science publications
- American Journal of Applied Sciences
- Foresight: The International Journal of Applied Forecasting
- Intégral: The Journal of Applied Musical Thought
- International Journal of Applied Management and Technology
- International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science
- International Journal of Applied Philosophy
- ITL – International Journal of Applied Linguistics
- Japanese Journal of Applied Physics
- Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
- Journal of Applied Biomechanics
- Journal of Applied Biomedicine
- Journal of Applied Corporate Finance
- Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
- Journal of Applied Ecology
- Journal of Applied Econometrics
- Journal of Applied Economics
- Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
- Journal of Applied Gerontology
- Journal of Applied Horticulture
- Journal of Applied Ichthyology
- Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics
- Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
- Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics
- Journal of Applied Philosophy
- Journal of Applied Physics
- Journal of Applied Physiology
- Journal of Applied Polymer Science
- Journal of Applied Psychology
- Journal of Applied Social Psychology
- Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
- Journal of Applied Social Science
- Journal of Applied Toxicology
- The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science
Persons influential in applied science
- Outline of engineering
- Outline of science
- Outline of technology
- Wilson, Edward O. (1998). Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge (1st ed.). New York, NY: Vintage Books. pp. 49–71. ISBN 0-679-45077-7.
- "... modern science is a discovery as well as an invention. It was a discovery that nature generally acts regularly enough to be described by laws and even by mathematics; and required invention to devise the techniques, abstractions, apparatus, and organization for exhibiting the regularities and securing their law-like descriptions." —p.vii, J. L. Heilbron, (2003, editor-in-chief). The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-511229-6.
- "science". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
3 a: knowledge or a system of knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as obtained and tested through scientific method b: such knowledge or such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena
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- Free Federal Resources for Educational Excellence – Applied sciences