Outline of history

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For the work by H. G. Wells, see The Outline of History.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to history:

History – discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. History can also mean the period of time after writing was invented.

Nature of history[edit]

History can be described as all of the following:

  • Academic discipline – body of knowledge given to - or received by - a disciple (student); a branch or sphere of knowledge, or field of study, that an individual has chosen to specialise in.
    • one of the humanities – academic discipline that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.
  • Field of science – widely-recognized category of specialized expertise within science, and typically embodies its own terminology and nomenclature. Such a field will usually be represented by one or more scientific journals, where peer reviewed research is published. There are many sociology-related scientific journals.
    • Social science – field of academic scholarship that explores aspects of human society.

Essence of history[edit]


  • Archaeology – study of past human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains and environmental data
  • Archontology – study of historical offices and important positions in state, international, political, religious and other organizations and societies
  • Art history – the study of changes in and social context of art
  • Chronology – locating events in time
  • Cultural history – the study of culture in the past
  • Economic history – the study of economies in the past
  • Environmental history – study of natural history and the human relationship with the natural world
  • Futurology – study of the future: researches the medium to long-term future of societies and of the physical world
  • History painting – the painting of works of art having historical motifs or depicting great events
  • Military history – the study of warfare and wars in history
  • Natural history – history of the natural world, now usually referred to as science
  • Naval history – the branch of military history devoted to warfare at sea or in bodies of water
  • Paleography – the study of ancient texts
  • Political history – the study of past political events, ideas, movements, and leaders
  • Public history – the presentation of history to public audiences and other areas typically outside academia
  • Psychohistory – study of the psychological motivations of historical events
  • Social history – the study of societies and social trends in the past
  • Urban history – the historical nature of cities and towns, and the process of urbanization
  • World history – the study of global historical trends and dynamics

Record of history[edit]

History by chronology[edit]

Ages of history[edit]

Prehistoric Ages[edit]

Historic Ages[edit]

Other Ages[edit]

History by region[edit]

Main article: History of the world

History by continent and country[edit]

Economic history by region[edit]

Military history by region[edit]

Eras by region[edit]

Main article: Era

History by field[edit]

History of Art[edit]

History of Culture[edit]

History of Mathematics[edit]

History of Philosophy[edit]

History of Religions[edit]

History of Science[edit]

History of Social sciences[edit]

History of Technology[edit]

Methods and tools[edit]

  • Prosopography – a methodological tool for the collection of all known information about individuals within a given period
  • Historical revisionism – traditionally used in a completely neutral sense to describe the work or ideas of a historian who has revised a previously accepted view of a particular topic
  • Historiography – the study of historical methodology



For a more comprehensive list, see List of historians.




Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]