Outline of poetry

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to poetry:

Poetry – a form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic qualities, in addition to, or instead of, its apparent meaning.

Types of poetry[edit]

Common poetic forms[edit]

Periods, styles and movements[edit]

For movements see List of poetry groups and movements

History of poetry[edit]

Elements of poetry[edit]

Methods of creating rhythm[edit]

See also Parallelism, inflection, intonation, foot

Scanning meter[edit]

  • spondee – two stressed syllables together
  • iamb – unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
  • trochee – one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
  • dactyl – one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
  • anapest – two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable

The number of metrical feet in a line are described in Greek terminology as follows:

Common metrical patterns[edit]

Rhyme, alliteration and assonance[edit]

Rhyming schemes[edit]

Stanzas and verse paragraphs[edit]

Poetic diction[edit]


Some famous poets and their poems[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Two versions of Paradise Lost are freely available on-line from Project Guttenberg, Project Gutenberg text version 1 and Project Gutenberg text version 2
  2. ^ The original text, as translated by Samuel Butler, is available at Wikisource.s:The Iliad
  3. ^ The full text is available online both in Russian [1] and as translated into English by Charles Johnston.[2] Please see the pages on Eugene Onegin and on Nabokov's Notes on Prosody and the references on those pages for discussion of the problems of translation and of the differences between Russian and English iambic tetrameter.
  4. ^ The full text of "The Raven" is available at Wikisource s:The Raven (Poe)
  5. ^ The full text of "The Hunting of the Snark" is available at Wikisource.s:The Hunting of the Snark
  6. ^ The full text of Don Juan is available on-line
  7. ^ See the Text of the play in French as well as an English translation,

External links[edit]