Outline of scientific method

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to scientific method:

Scientific method – body of techniques for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge, as well as for correcting and integrating previous knowledge. It is based on observable, empirical, reproducible, measurable evidence, and subject to the laws of reasoning.

Nature of scientific method[edit]

Main article: Scientific method

Elements of scientific method[edit]

Main article: Research

Observation[edit]

Main article: Observation

Hypothesis[edit]

Main article: Hypothesis

Use Occam's razor to prune the list of hypothetical explanations of the observation.

Prediction[edit]

Experiment[edit]

Main article: Experiment

Feynman: "We can do anything we want (in theorizing). Then all we have to do is check with the experiment."

Evaluation[edit]

Test of the inference: prediction and experimentation to establish new facts. Critical examination of the hypothetical explanation:

History of scientific method[edit]

Main articles: History of scientific method, Timeline of the history of scientific method, and History of science

Publications[edit]

What made the scientific method succeed?[edit]

  • Political factors
  • Economic factors, such as the technological advances produced by scientists
  • Effectiveness of the scientific method at producing new knowledge
  • Other factors

Why didn't the scientific method arise elsewhere?[edit]

Scientific method concepts[edit]

Empirical methods[edit]

Main article: Empirical methods

Paradigm change[edit]

Problem of induction[edit]

The problem of induction questions the logical basis of scientific statements.

Scientific creativity[edit]

When method goes wrong[edit]

Critique of scientific method[edit]

Use of statistics[edit]

Relationship of scientific method to technology[edit]

Technology is subordinate to Science; Scientific discovery rests on technology.

Science and technology studies

Departures from method[edit]

Persons influential in the development of scientific method[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]