Outline of the Falkland Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The location of the Falkland Islands
An enlargeable relief map of the Falkland Islands

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Falkland Islands:

The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɒlklənd/ or /ˈfɔːlklənd/; Spanish: Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago located in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 310 miles (500 kilometres) east of the Patagonian coast at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago which has an area of 4,700 square miles (12,173 square kilometres) comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. The islands, a British Overseas Territory, enjoy a large degree of internal self-government with the United Kingdom guaranteeing good government and taking responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The capital is Stanley on East Falkland.

Controversy exists over the Falklands' original discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times there have been French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain re-established its rule in 1833, though the islands continue to be claimed by Argentina. In 1982, following Argentina's invasion of the islands, the two-month-long undeclared Falklands War between both countries resulted in the surrender of all Argentine forces and the return of the islands to British administration.

The population, estimated at 2,841, primarily consists of native Falkland Islanders, the vast majority being of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian, and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a former population decline. The predominant and official language is English. Under the British Nationality Act of 1983, Falkland Islanders are legally British citizens.

The islands lie on the boundary of the Subarctic maritime climate and Temperate maritime climate zones with both major islands having mountain ranges reaching to 2,300 feet (700 m). The islands are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands because of the effects of introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism, sheep farming with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports, and oil exploration. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of the Falkland Islands

Geography of the Falkland Islands[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of the Falkland Islands

Environment of the Falkland Islands[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of the Falkland Islands

Natural geographic features of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Regions of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Regions of the Falkland Islands

Ecoregions of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions in the Falkland Islands

Administrative divisions of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Municipalities of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Demography of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Demographics of the Falkland Islands

Government and politics of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Government of the Falkland Islands and Politics of the Falkland Islands

Branches of the government of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Executive branch of the government of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Foreign relations of the Falkland Islands[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The government of the Falkland Islands is a member of:[2]

Law and order in the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Law of the Falkland Islands

Military of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Military of the Falkland Islands

Local government in the Falkland Islands[edit]

History of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: History of the Falkland Islands, Timeline of the history of the Falkland Islands, and Current events of the Falkland Islands

Culture of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Culture of the Falkland Islands

Art in the Falkland Islands[edit]

Sports in the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Sports in the Falkland Islands

Economy and infrastructure of the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Economy of the Falkland Islands

Education in the Falkland Islands[edit]

Main article: Education in the Falkland Islands

See also[edit]

Main article: Falkland Islands

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of the Falkland Islands