The Near East in 1135, with the Crusader states of Outremer marked with red crosses.
( Outremer French: ) for "overseas", was a general name given to the outre-mer Crusader states established after the First Crusade: the County of Edessa, the Principality of Antioch, the County of Tripoli and especially the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The name was often equated to the Levant of Renaissance. The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia had its origins before the Crusades, but was granted the status of a kingdom by Pope Innocent III, and later became fully westernized by the (French) Lusignan dynasty.
The term was, in general, used to refer to any land "overseas"; for example,
Louis IV of France was called "Louis d'Outremer" as he was raised in England.
Present-day use [ edit ]
The modern term
outre-mer, spelled with a hyphen and equally meaning "overseas", is notably used for the overseas departments and territories of France (In French: Départements d'outre-mer – Territoires d'outre-mer or DOM – TOM, collectively Pays et territoires d'outre-mer (PTOM)).
Cultural impact [ edit ]
Chaz Brenchley set his series The Books of Outremer in an alternate universe version of this region.
A kingdom of French refugees bears the name of France-Outre-Mer in
S. M. Stirling's book . The Peshawar Lancers
Judith Tarr's Alamut series of books are set in Outremer, mostly in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the city of Acre.
Robert E. Howard's stories of Cormac Fitzgeoffrey take place in Outremer and environs.
Literature [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]